SIA RU007003, Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906, Samuel P. Langley Papers, 1866-1906, 1909, 1914, 1942
- Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906
- Samuel P. Langley Papers, 1866-1906, 1909, 1914, 1942
- Langley, S. P
- Data Source:
- Smithsonian Institution Archives
- 1866, 1866-1942, 1866-1906, 1909, 1914, 1942
- Samuel P. Langley (1834-1906) was the third Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. Apparently many of Langley's papers were accidentally burned after his death. Langley papers in the Smithsonian are housed in the Smithsonian Archives and the National Air and Space Museum (NASM). The Allegheny Observatory holds papers from Langley's years there, from which copies of Langley's correspondence, 1867-1887, have been made for this collection.
- These papers document important aspects of Langley's scientific and administrative career. Most of the material documents the progress of his aeronautical research from his first flying model of 1891 through the failure of his Aerodrome A of 1903. Also, information files housed in the National Air and Space Museum Library include secondary accounts and photographs relating to Langley's aeronautical studies. Related materials in the NASM Library include the Stephen M. Balzer papers, 1898-1902, which consist of correspondence with Langley and his associate, Charles M. Manly, regarding Balzer's aerodrome engines.
- Aeronautics, Astronomy and astrophysics
- Rinehart, Bentley L, Maltby, L. C, Reed, R. L, Balzer, Stephen M, Huffaker, Edward C, Manly, Charles Matthews 1876-1927, Smithsonian Institution, Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary, Allegheny Observatory
- Photographs, Collection descriptions
- Local Number:
- SIA RU007003
- Physical Description:
- 19.15 cu. ft. (22 document boxes) (2 half document boxes) (11 12x17 boxes) (4 16x20 boxes) (8 microfilm reels) (oversize materials)
Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives
Table of Contents
Record Unit 7003
Langley, Samuel P, 1834-1906
Samuel P. Langley Papers, 1867-1906
|General Information About This Collection|
|Repository:||Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.|
|Creator:||Langley, Samuel P, 1834-1906|
|Title:||Samuel P. Langley Papers|
|Quantity:||12.88 linear meters and oversize.|
|Collection:||Record Unit 7003|
|Language of Materials:||English|
Samuel P. Langley (1834-1906) was the third Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. Apparently, many of Langley's papers were accidentally burned after his death. Langley papers in the Smithsonian are housed in the Smithsonian Archives and the National Air and Space Museum (NASM). The Allegheny Observatory holds papers from Langley's years there, from which copies of Langley's correspondence, 1867-1887, have been made for this collection.
These papers document important aspects of Langley's scientific and administrative career. Most of the material documents the progress of his aeronautical research from his first flying model of 1891 through the failure of his Aerodrome A of 1903. Also, information files housed in the National Air and Space Museum Library include secondary accounts and photographs relating to Langley's aeronautical studies. Related materials in the NASM Library include the Stephen M. Balzer papers, 1898-1902, which consist of correspondence with Langley and his associate, Charles M. Manly, regarding Balzer's aerodrome engines.
Materials in this collection consist of publications, including a bound collection of writings, and original manuscripts of many of Langley's publications, 1869-1905; diaries and shorthand notebooks, mostly kept by Langley's secretary, 1889-1905; bolograph curve and line spectrum readings; microfilm and photocopies of Langley's outgoing correspondence from the Allegheny Observatory, 1867-1887; astrophysical research correspondence; scrapbooks, 1890-1903; aeronautical research, including correspondence, wastebooks, and notes of Langley and Manly and their assistants, E. C. Huffaker, L. C. Maltby, B. L. Rhinehart, and R. L. Reed; and oversize aerodrome drawings and bolometer readings.
This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.
- Allegheny Observatory.
- Balzer, Stephen M.
- Huffaker, Edward C.
- Maltby, L. C.
- Manly, Charles Matthews, 1876-1927
- Reed, R. L.
- Rinehart, Bentley L.
- Smithsonian Institution
Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7003, Langley, Samuel P, 1834-1906, Samuel P. Langley Papers
Collected Writings of Samuel P. Langley, 1891-1901
Collected Writings of Samuel P. Langley, 1897-1905
Collected Writings of Samuel P. Langley, 1889-1891
Collected Writings of Samuel P. Langley - Reports, 1887-1905
Collected Writings of Samuel P. Langley, 1869-1882
1900 Solar Eclipse Expedition of APO [Astrophysical Observatory], 1904
Total Solar Eclipse of July 29, 1878, Observations at Pike's Peak, Colorado, and Experiments in Aerodynamics by Samuel P. Langley, 1891
The Internal Work of the Wind, by Samuel P. Langley, 1893
Samuel P. Langley's Private Copy of Experiments in Aerodynamics, 1891
Collected Writings of Samuel P. Langley, 1883-1889, Numbers 69-104
Collected Writings of Samuel P. Langley, 1883-1889, Numbers 690-104
Photocopies of Letterpress Book from Allegheny Observatory, pages 1-352
Photocopies of Letterpress Book from Allegheny Observatory, pages 353-479
Miscellaneous correspondence, reports, articles and ephemera. Mostly concerns Langley's appointment as Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian in 1887, but also includes materials on his aerodynamics research.
Notices and Reviews of Works by Langley
Material relating to Langley as made available to Mr. White for preparation of his "tribute" published in Smithsonian publications
Publications by Langley and List of Books Read by Langley
Lecture on Air by Langley
The Internal Work of the Wind by Langley
Publications and Articles (3 folders)
Publications and Articles (4 folders)
Publications and Articles (4 folders)
Newspaper Clippings Concerning Langley
Program for Dinner given by the American Railway Guild in Honor of the Permanent Commission of the International Railway Congress, 1905
Constitution and By-Laws of the Metropolitan Club, 1904
Diary of "O & F" Work for Smithsonian, 1899
Diary of "O & F" Work for Smithsonian, 1900
Diary of "O & F" Work for Smithsonian, 1901-1902
Notebooks. Includes G.B. Wells, "O & F" Account, 1900; Address Book for Langley (kept by G.B. Wells), 1900; and Notebook of Expenses, 1900; Appointment Book, 1905.
The Strollers Constitution and By-Laws
Newspaper Clippings Regarding Langley's Death, 1906
Correspondence, 1906. Some of these letters were written by Samuel P. Langley shortly before his death. Most correspondence is between John W. Langley with the Smithsonian concerning Langley's effects.
Langley Memorial Remarks and Correspondence
Langley Memorial Remarks and Lists of Invited Guests
Spectrum Reports, 1898 (4 folders)
Personal correspondence, 1889-1897
Personal correspondence, 1890
Personal correspondence, 1882-1898. Much of this concerns Langley's experiments.
Personal correspondence, 1886-1889
Correspondence concerning the Estate of William Thaw, 1891
Personal correspondence, 1895. Copy book of outgoing correspondence.
Account Book 1888-1906
Personal correspondence, 1866-1869
Outgoing correspondence, 1904-1906
Outgoing correspondence, 1886-1893
Outgoing correspondence, 1893-1900
Card Index of People Langley Knew (3 folders)
Invitations to Langley Memorial
Unidentified Correspondence, 1889-1904
Receipts and Experiment Charts. Appear to concern velocity and aerodynamic studies.
Correspondence Regarding Solar Eclipse, January 1, 1889
Private Letters on Samuel P. Langley Matters, 1906
Langley Bird Research and Aeronautics Correspondence and Notes
Langley Correspondence in reference to Aerodrome
Langley - Data on his Aerodrome (3 folders)
Solar Eclipse Images (3 folders)
Smithsonian Institution Fire (1865). Annotated envelope.
Article on Aeronautics by O. Chanute
1900 Solar Eclipse Expedition of the Astrophysical Observatory, 1904
The Astrophysical Observatory by Samuel Langley, 1897
Yearly Time Book - Aerodrome Work, 1902
Yearly Time Book - Aerodrome Work, 1903
Notes and Correspondence Regarding Aerodrome Work
Scrapbook Containing a Summary of Principal Events re: to Langley's Aerodromic Work in the Order of Dates Beginning with 1897
Associations to which Langley Belonged
Receipts for Letters Sent by the Secretary
Letters about Langley's Illness
Letters Regarding Cyrus Adler's Biographical Sketch of Langley
Langley's Memoirs (incomplete)
Newspaper Clippings. Includes photographic portrait of Langley.
Publication of New Astronomy
Letters to Langley
Cyrus Adler Correspondence Regarding Langley
Subscriptions for Langley Portrait
Photocopies of Allegheny Observatory Letterpress Book, pages 329-479
Photocopies of Allegheny Observatory Letterpress Book, Vol. I, pages 1-328
Photocopies of Allegheny Observatory Letterpress Book, Vol. I, c. 1887-1891
Photocopies of Allegheny Observatory Letterpress Book, Vol. II, c. 1884-1898
Photocopies of Allegheny Observatory Letterpress Book, Vol. III, pages 2-417
Photocopies of Allegheny Observatory Letterpress Book, Vol. II, c. 1885-1887
Photocopies of Allegheny Observatory Letterpress Book, Vol. III, c. 1886-1887
Drawings and Tables Regarding Pressure Recorder
Langley Correspondence, 1895-1897 (Accession 91-008)
Huffaker's Report on Whirling Table, 1895
Experiments on Soaring Speed
Drawing of Langley Aerodrome
Langley Aerodrome Photographs
Eclipse Photographs, Wadesboro, North Carolina, May 28, 1900
Allegheny Observatory Photographs
"Wastebook" (5-512). Contains photographs (signed by T. W. [Thomas William] Smillie) and technical descriptions of Aerodromes.
Wind Tunnel Data from Allegheny Observatory, 1888-1890
Wind Tunnel Data Disks, 1888
Wind Velocity Tests, c. 1890
Propeller Hub Technical Drawing
Balloon Experiment Drawing
O&F Account Cyanotype
Aerodrome Exhibition Poster
Placard Describing Langley's Aircraft (possibly used in an exhibit)
Mechanical Drawings (4 on linen, 1 cyanotype, 1 paper)
Chalk Drawing of Sun/Eclipse/Solar Corona (possibly by Langley)
Gouache Drawings of Sunspots (?)
"Official Secretarial Portrait (photographic) of Langley"
Charts Showing Location of Houseboat, Flight Paths
"Lunar Halo and Meteor Observed at Fort Dodge, Iowa," January 20, 1885
"Configuration of the Heavens at the Death of President James A. Garfield," September 19, 1881
"Nativity Chart of James A. Garfield" and "Configuration of the Heavens at the Birth of Howard B. Hess," 1882
"Annual Eclipse of the Sun," June 15, 1885
"Graphs on Linen Draft Paper - Plate II," c. 1880s
"Sifting Train," 1888
Diagram of Screen Used in Spectrometer - "Energy and Vision"
Using the Archives' Collections
Note: In order to access PDFs, you must have the Adobe Acrobat Reader software which is available free of charge.