SIA RU000045, Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary, Records, 1890-1929

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Summary

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary
Title:
Records, 1890-1929
Dates:
1890, 1890-1929
Notes:
These records document the administration of the Smithsonian Institution during the tenure of Charles D. Walcott, its fourth Secretary, who served from 1907 to 1927
Of special interest is the Institution's entry into the field of the fine arts. While the National Gallery of Art (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) and the Freer Gallery of Art had their beginnings a few years before 1907, it is in these records that their development can be traced most completely. The Smithsonian continued to pursue a wide variety of other interests as well
Thus, the records deal with the following topics, among others: aviation; the American School of Archeology in China; the Carnegie Institution of Washington; the Cinchona Botanical Station, Jamaica; many international Congresses; numerous national and international expositions, especially the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego, 1912-1916, and the Panama-Pacific Exposition at San Francisco, 1914-1915; the George Washington Memorial Association; the Harriman-Alaska Series; the Kahn Foundation for Foreign Travel of American Teachers; the Koren Expedition to Siberia; the Langley-Wright aerodrome controversy; the Montezuma Solar Observatory at Calama, Chile; solar observations at Mount Harqua Hala, Arizona,and Mount Wilson, California; the Naples Zoological Station; the National Academy of Sciences; the National Research Council; publication of Mary Vaux Walcott's North American Wildflowers; the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone; the Alfred Duane Pell Collection; the Research Corporation; the Smithsonian-Roosevelt African Expedition; seismological studies; the Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Research Fund; the Smithsonian Scientific Series; grants from the Hodgkins Fund; the Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory; the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics; the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; and the Bureau of Biological Survey. The records include correspondence, minutes, announcements, publications, fiscal records, photographs, manuscripts, and news clippings
Topics:
Museums--Administration, Paleontology, Aeronautics, Seismology
Subjects:
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940, Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927, Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906, Wright, Wilbur 1867-1912, Wright, Orville 1871-1948, Smithsonian Institution Administration, American School of Archaeology in China, United States Bureau of Biological Survey, Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1911-1912), Carnegie Institution of Washington, Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Research Fund, Cinchona Botanical Station (Jamaica), Freer Gallery of Art, George Washington Memorial Association, Hodgkins Fund, Kahn Foundation for the Foreign Travel of American Teachers, Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory, Naples Zoological Station, Alfred Duane Pell Collection, Research Corporation, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Mount Montezuma Station (Calama, Chile), Montezuma Solar Observatory (Calama, Chile), United States Dept. of Agriculture, Smithsonian American Art Museum, National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.), Mount Harqua Hala Station (Arizona), Mount Wilson Observatory, National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), National Research Council (U.S.), United States National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915 : San Francisco, Calif.), Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899), Koren Expedition to Siberia (1914), Panama-California Exposition (1915-1916 : San Diego, Calif.), Smithsonian-Roosevelt African Expedition (1909)
Form/Genre:
Mixed archival materials, Collection descriptions
Local Number:
SIA RU000045
Physical Description:
14.6 linear meters

Finding Aids to Official Records of the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 45

Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary

Records, 1890-1929

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary
Title: Records
Dates: 1890-1929
Quantity: 14.6 linear meters.
Collection: Record Unit 45
Language of Materials: English

Historical Note

These records document the administration of the Smithsonian Institution during the tenure of Charles D. Walcott, its fourth Secretary, who served from 1907 to 1927. This period gave a deceptive appearance of strength to the Institution's life. Walcott himself, perhaps the last of the nineteenth-century scientist-politicians to combine a distinguished scientific reputation and polished ease in the world of political Washington, lent the Institution considerable support from his wide experience and many friends among the powerful of the day. The Institution's staff also boasted an able corps of scientists and senior administrators. Several new programs were developed during these years--the National Gallery of Art (now the National Museum of American Art) and the Freer Gallery of Art, in particular. These two galleries gave the Smithsonian its first real grounding in fine arts and rounded out the vision of the Institution as a place hospitable to all fields of learning.

Yet with the benefit of hindsight, these accomplishments can be seen to have masked real weakness, described either as the Smithsonian's failure to adapt its perception of itself to the changing world or as a lack of money.

When the Smithsonian was created in 1846 the corpus of its endowment was somewhat more than $500,000.00. It had few rivals elsewhere in the country. However, with the growth of large-scale private philanthropy after the Civil War, the Smithsonian's means shrank steadily in comparison to the endowments of leading institutions like the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale or new entrants like Stanford and the University of Chicago. No doubt this situation developed in part because the Smithsonian had no real alumni. It received a few small gifts from well-to-do members of its own staff and one moderate gift from Thomas George Hodgkins, a naturalized English eccentric. For all else it relied on small appropriations from the federal government, for which it performed certain services such as curating the collections of the National Museum. Coupled with meager financial resources was the Regents' suspicion of new and nonscientific endeavors. It is likely, for instance, that the Regents would have refused Charles Lang Freer's gift of a gallery of oriental art in 1906, had Theodore Roosevelt not obliged them to accept it. In the same way, the gift of certain patents on electrostatic precipitators by Frederic G. Cottrell in 1911 was politely shunted onto other shoulders, leaving the Smithsonian a remote beneficiary of the income. The Smithsonian's aloofness was in sharp contrast to the willingness of other institutions to accept such gifts. How this attitude arose is not clear. Perhaps it was an unconscious extension of Joseph Henry's early determination to associate the Smithsonian's name only with "worthy" purposes. However that may be, the Smithsonian was very late in the field in trying to augment its endowment. Walcott had begun to plan a campaign to raise $10,000,000.00--documented in record unit 46--which collapsed with his untimely death in 1927. Thus the Institution was to enter the era of the Depression in very straitened circumstances.

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Introduction

This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.

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Descriptive Entry

This record unit documents the growth and management of the Smithsonian from 1890 to 1929. Of special interest is the Institution's entry into the field of the fine arts through the creation of the National Gallery of Art and the Freer Gallery of Art. The Smithsonian continued to pursue a wide variety of other interests as well. Thus, the records deal with the following topics, among others: aviation; the American School of Archaeology in China; the Carnegie Institution of Washington, D.C.; the Cinchona Botanical Station, Jamaica; many international congresses; numerous national and international expositions, especially the Panama-California Exposition, 1912-1916, and the Panama-Pacific Exposition at San Francisco, 1914-1915; the George Washington Memorial Association; the Harriman Alaska series; the Kahn Foundation for Foreign Travel of American Teachers; the Koren Expedition to Siberia; the Langley-Wright aerodrome controversy; the Montezuma solar observatory at Calama, Chile; solar observations at Mount Harqua Hala, Arizona, and Mount Wilson, California; the Naples Zoological Station; the National Academy of Sciences; the National Research Council; publication of Mary Vaux Walcott's North American Wildflowers; the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone; the Alfred Duane Pell Collection; the Research Corporation; the Roosevelt African Expedition; seismological studies; the Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Research Fund; the Smithsonian Scientific Series; grants from the Hodgkins Fund; the Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory; and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. The records include correspondence, minutes, announcements, publications, fiscal records, photographs, manuscripts, and news clippings.

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This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.

Name

Subject

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Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 45, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records

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Container List

Series 1

CORRESPONDENCE, 1890-1929. Arranged alphabetically and chronologically.

Box 1

Folder 1 Abaroa, Andronico, 1920

Box 1 of 112

Folder 2 Abbe, Cleveland, 1907-1919

Box 1 of 112

Folder 3 Abbot, Charles G. - Abetti, Giorgio

Box 1 of 112

Folder 4 Acerboni, C., 1910 (oversize, removed to Box 107)

Box 1 of 112

Folder 5 Achor, Clifford L. - Ackermann, A. S. E.

Box 1 of 112

Folder 6 Adams, Byron S. - Adams Express Co.

Box 1 of 112

Folder 7 Adams, F. B. - Adams, F. P.

Box 1 of 112

Folder 8 Adams, George I., 1907-1909

Box 1 of 112

Folder 9 Adams, George L. - Adams, Henry. Relating to an expedition to China by Langdon Warner (q.v.), 1910

Box 1 of 112

Folder 10 Adams, Herbert - Adelstein, Samuel

Box 1 of 112

Folder 11 Aerial League of America - Aero and Hydro

Box 1 of 112

Folder 12 Aero Club of America, 1912-1920

Box 1 of 112

Folder 13 Aeromarine Plane and Motor Co. - Aeronautical Magazine

Box 1 of 112

Folder 14 Aeronautical Society of America, 1908-1916

Box 1 of 112

Folder 15 Affhauser, L. F. - Albert, Henry

Box 1 of 112

Folder 16 Albert Medal, Royal Society of Arts, 1909

Box 1 of 112

Folder 17 Albright, W. H. - Alpine Club of Crimea and the Caucasus

Box 1 of 112

Folder 18 Aluminum Co. of America, 1909-1924

Box 1 of 112

Folder 19 Alvarez, Jose M. - American Anthropological Association

Box 1 of 112

Folder 20 American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1907-1924

Box 1 of 112

Folder 21 American Association for Labor Legislation, 1909-1913

Box 1 of 112

Folder 22 American Association of Museums, 1916-1924

Box 1 of 112

Folder 23 American Astronomical Society - American Farm Economics Association

Box 1 of 112

Box 2

Folder 1 American Federation of Arts, 1910-1924

Box 2 of 112

Folder 2 American Federation of Labor - American Genetic Association

Box 2 of 112

Folder 3 American Geographical Society, 1910-1923

Box 2 of 112

Folders 4-21 American Historical Association, annual reports, 1907-1924. When Congress chartered the American Historical Association in 1889, it required the Association to make an annual report to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution for transmittal to Congress.

Box 2 of 112

Folder 22 American Historical Association, J. Franklin Jameson - C. D. Walcott correspondence, 1909

Box 2 of 112

Folder 23 American Humane Association - American Institute for Scientific Research

Box 2 of 112

Folder 24 American International Corporation, 1916-1917

Box 2 of 112

Folder 25 American Jewish Congress - American Mining Congress

Box 2 of 112

Folder 26 American Museum of Natural History, 1907-1921

Box 2 of 112

Folder 27 American National Institute - American Railway Express

Box 2 of 112

Box 3

Folders 1-2 American Red Cross, 1912-1924

Box 3 of 112

Folder 3 American Relief Administration - American Scenic and Historical Preservation Society

Box 3 of 112

Folder 4 American School of Archeology in China, Minutes of the General Committee, 1913. The American School of Archeology in China was begun as a proposed joint project of the Archeological Institute of America and the Smithsonian Institution in 1912. Charles L. Freer and Langdon Warner (q.v.) were important supporters. The School was intended to promote the study of ancient Chinese art and archeology by sponsoring exploration and a museum at Peking. Despite considerable early activity, the project was permitted to expire about 1924.

Box 3 of 112

Folders 5-9 American School of Archeology in China correspondence, 1912-1915, 1917-1924

Box 3 of 112

Folder 10 American School of Archeology in China, Langdon Warner's report of his trip through Europe and China, 1913-1914

Box 3 of 112

Folder 11 American School of Correspondence - American Sunday School Union

Box 3 of 112

Folder 12 American Surety Co. - American Tube and Stamping Co.

Box 3 of 112

Box 4

Folder 1 Ami, H. M. - Anderson, Hendrick C.

Box 4 of 112

Folder 2 Anderson, John - Andrews, Benjamin R.

Box 4 of 112

Folder 3 Andrews, E. A., 1907-1908

Box 4 of 112

Folder 4 Andrews, Edward M., 1906-1907

Box 4 of 112

Folder 5 Andrews and Lewerth Inc. - Anglo-American University Library for Central Europe

Box 4 of 112

Folder 6 Angstrom, Anders K., 1917-1922, concerning solar radiation studies

Box 4 of 112

Folder 7 Annis, H. - Ansonia Copper and Iron Works

Box 4 of 112

Folder 8 Antarctica and Wilkes Land, exploration of, 1909-1910

Box 4 of 112

Folder 9 Anthis, R. E. - Arbor Day

Box 4 of 112

Folder 10 Archenhold, F. S. - Architects' Advisory Council

Box 4 of 112

Folder 11 Arctowski, Henryk, 1909-1922 concerning meteorological research

Box 4 of 112

Folder 12 Argentine Federal Rifle Club- Argentine Meteorological Office

Box 4 of 112

Folders 13-14 Argentine Solar Observatory, 1920-1924 Concerning solar radiation research and a proposal, later abandoned, to move the Smithsonian's Calama, Chile, station to Argentina

Box 4 of 112

Folder 15 Argus Suisse de la Presse - Asch, W. and D.

Box 4 of 112

Folder 16 Ashepoo Mining Company - Asiatic Institute

Box 4 of 112

Folder 17 Aspinwall, F. E., 1914-1920

Box 4 of 112

Box 5

Folder 1 Associated Companies - Atlantic Coast Shipbuilders Association

Box 5 of 112

Folder 2 Atlantic Ocean, exploration of the, 1908-1910

Box 5 of 112

Folder 3 Atlantic Refining Co. - Austin, W. Coombs

Box 5 of 112

Folders 4-7 Australian Solar Station, 1919-1924. In 1919 the Smithsonian began correspondence with the Rev. E. F. Pigot, who wanted to create a solar observatory at Riverview College, Sydney, Australia. The Smithsonian sent A. F. Moore of its observatory staff to Australia in 1923 to install some of the equipment. Includes photographs.

Box 5 of 112

Folder 8 Austria-Hungary - Automobile Trade Journal

Box 5 of 112

Folder 9 Automobiles: purchases, permits, chauffeurs, 1909-1920

Box 5 of 112

Folder 10 Automotive Industries - Ayres, W. A.

Box 5 of 112

Folder 11 Baar Society - Babcock, Dudley P.

Box 5 of 112

Folders 12-14 Babcock, William H., 1911-1915

Box 5 of 112

Folder 15 Bache, Rene - Baillie, Herbert

Box 5 of 112

Folder 16 Bain, George Grantham, 1907-1909, 1923

Box 5 of 112

Folder 17 Baird and Co. - Baird, W. M.

Box 5 of 112

Folder 18 Baker, Carl F. - Baker, Frank

Box 5 of 112

Folder 19 Baker, Horace - Baldwin, Nathaniel

Box 5 of 112

Folder 20 Balentine, Harold R. - Ballore, H. de Montessus de

Box 5 of 112

Box 6

Folder 1 Ballou, Howard M., 1910-1911

Box 6 of 112

Folder 2 Ballou, William Hosea, 1908-1919

Box 6 of 112

Folder 3 Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Co. - Barclay, Emma

Box 6 of 112

Folder 4 Barker, James G. - Barton, William E.

Box 6 of 112

Folder 5 Bartsch, Paul A., 1907-1924. Relating to work of the National Museum

Box 6 of 112

Folder 6 Baruch, Jehuda ben, 1912-1915

Box 6 of 112

Folder 7 Barus, Carl - Bassett, S. C.

Box 6 of 112

Folder 8 Bassler, Ray S., 1912-1916

Box 6 of 112

Folder 9 Bates, John C. - Baur, Franz

Box 6 of 112

Folders 10-11 Bausch and Lomb Optical Co., 1908-1924

Box 6 of 112

Folder 12 Baxcom, Harry - Becker, George C.

Box 6 of 112

Folder 13 Becker, George F., 1909-1919

Box 6 of 112

Folder 14 Beckman Co., R. W. - Bell and Co., bankers

Box 6 of 112

Folders 15-16 Bell, Alexander Graham, 1907-1924. Bell was for many years a Smithsonian Regent. This material relates to his duties as a Regent and to some of his research interests.

Box 6 of 112

Box 7

Folder 1 Bell, C. J. - Benson, W. S.

Box 7 of 112

Folders 2-16 Bent, Arthur Cleveland. 1910-1923. Relating to his proposed completion of Bendire's Life Histories of North American Birds

Box 7 of 112

Folder 17 Bentley, W. A. - Berry, F. V.

Box 7 of 112

Folder 18 Bertelson, Axel E., 1907-1923

Box 7 of 112

Folder 19 Berthaud Freres - Bibliography of Aeronautical Literature

Box 7 of 112

Box 8

Folder 1 Bickmore, Albert S. - Biddle, Edward

Box 8 of 112

Folders 2-3 Biddle, James G., 1910-1923. Discussing electrical instrument-making

Box 8 of 112

Folder 4 Biddlecombe, A. - Bigelow, Edward F.

Box 8 of 112

Folder 5 Bigelow, Frank H., 1907-1923

Box 8 of 112

Folder 6 Bigelow, Gideon L. - Black, John C.

Box 8 of 112

Folder 7 Black, W. H. - Blake, W. W.

Box 8 of 112

Folder 8 Blakiston's Son and Co., P. - Blovsky, P.

Box 8 of 112

Folder 9 Boatman, J. J. P. - Bogoslowsky, Lt. B.

Box 8 of 112

Folder 10 Bogue, Virgil - Bonsfield, Alfred

Box 8 of 112

Folder 11 Bookseller and Stationer - Bostedo, L. G.

Box 8 of 112

Folder 12 Boston Gear Works, 1907-1923

Box 8 of 112

Folder 13 Boston Museum of Fine Arts - Bosworth, M. F.

Box 8 of 112

Folder 14 Botany and botanical exploration in tropical America, 1916

Box 8 of 112

Folder 15 Bottoms, R. R. - Boule, M.

Box 8 of 112

Folder 16 Boulitte, G., 1910-1923

Box 8 of 112

Folder 17 Boulton, Mrs. Walfrid - Boy Scouts of America

Box 8 of 112

Folder 18 Brace, A. L. - Brandt, Louis F.

Box 8 of 112

Folders 19-20 Brashear, John Alfred, 1907-1918. Manufacturer of astronomical instruments

Box 8 of 112

Folder 21 Brathenahl - Braum, Carl Brostiarchich

Box 8 of 112

Box 9

Folder 1 Braun, William P. - Brewster, W. C.

Box 9 of 112

Folder 2 Bridgen, Edwin E. - Brisbane, A.

Box 9 of 112

Folder 3 British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1907-1916

Box 9 of 112

Folder 4 British Astronomical Association - Britton, Wiley

Box 9 of 112

Folder 5 Brockett, Paul, 1907-1924

Box 9 of 112

Folder 6 Brookings, Robert S., 1921-1923. A Regent

Box 9 of 112

Folder 7 Brookings School of Economics and Government, 1923-1924

Box 9 of 112

Folder 8 Brookings School of Economics and Government, reports of work completed or planned, ca. 1923-1925

Box 9 of 112

Folder 9 Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences - Brower, J. C.

Box 9 of 112

Folder 10 Brown and Sons, Alexander - Brown, Silas B.

Box 9 of 112

Folder 11 Brown, Thomas R. - Buckingham, Edgar

Box 9 of 112

Folder 12 Buckland, James - Bunte, John

Box 9 of 112

Folder 13 Bunyan, F. W. - Burley, J. J.

Box 9 of 112

Folder 14 Burling, Lancaster D., 1909-1913

Box 9 of 112

Folder 15 Burlington Watch Co. - Byram, William

Box 9 of 112

Box 10

Folder 1 Cadwalader, John L.- Campbell, W. W.

Box 10 of 112

Folder 2 Canada, Dominion Astronomical Observatory, 1919

Box 10 of 112

Folder 3 Canada, Dominion parks of, 1919-1920

Box 10 of 112

Folder 4 Canada, Geodetic Survey of, 1921

Box 10 of 112

Folder 5 Canada, Geological Survey, 1908-1915

Box 10 of 112

Folder 6 Canada, Interior Department, Surveyor General, 1916

Box 10 of 112

Folders 7-9 Carnegie Institution, 1901-1902, 1907-1923. The Smithsonian's Secretary was an ex officio member of the Carnegie's board. This correspondence documents the two institutions' collaboration in matters of mutual interest. Includes news clippings.

Box 10 of 112

Folder 10 Carnes, A. C. - Carolina, Clinchfield, and Ohio Railroad

Box 10 of 112

Folders 11-13 Carothers, W. F., 1910-1917. Discussing weather forecasting; includes blueprints.

Box 10 of 112

Folder 14 Carpathian Society - Cartwright, B. W.

Box 10 of 112

Folder 15 Carty, John - Cash, Lillian

Box 10 of 112

Folder 16 Cassel, E. F., 1910-1914

Box 10 of 112

Folder 17 Castelberg Jewelry Co. - Catt, J. A.

Box 10 of 112

Folder 18 Cattell, J. McKeen, 1909-1916. Discussing matters of interest in scientific bibliography

Box 10 of 112

Folder 19 Caudell, Andrew Nelson - Chandler, Walter M.

Box 10 of 112

Box 11

Folder 1 Chaney, George C. - Charleston Mining and Manufacturing Co.

Box 11 of 112

Folder 2 Chase, A. L. - Cheatham, R. B.

Box 11 of 112

Folder 3 Chemical Foundation - Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Co.

Box 11 of 112

Folder 4 Chiappero, A. - Chicago, University of, Press

Box 11 of 112

Folder 5 Children's Hospital - Church, Miss E. L.

Box 11 of 112

Folders 6-10 Cinchona Botanical Station, 1915-1923. Discussing the leasing of the station from the Colonial Government of Jamaica by the Smithsonian, Johns Hopkins, and other American institutions in order to carry out studies in tropical botany. (oversize, removed to Box 107)

Box 11 of 112

Folder 11 Cincinnati Observatory - Civic Forum Lecture Bureau

Box 11 of 112

Folder 12 Civil Service Retirement Association, 1909-1917

Box 11 of 112

Folder 13 Clapp, Frederick G. - Claras, Georges (oversize, removed to Box 107)

Box 11 of 112

Folder 14 Claren, J., 1910-1913. Discussing solutions to mathematical equations [photo]

Box 11 of 112

Folder 15 Clark, Alonzo Howard, 1907-1919. Discussing his duties as the Smithsonian's editor

Box 11 of 112

Folders 16-17 Clark, Austin H., 1909-1924. Discussing his Smithsonian duties, particularly relating to publications.

Box 11 of 112

Box 12

Folder 1 Clark, C. L. - Clark, Ezra W.

Box 12 of 112

Folder 2 Clark, Hubert Lyman, 1907-1908

Box 12 of 112

Folder 3 Clark, Mrs. J. L. - Clarke, Nell Ray

Box 12 of 112

Folders 4-5 Clayton, Henry Helm, 1906, 1917-1919, 1921, 1922, 1924. Discussing weather forecasting

Box 12 of 112

Folder 6 Clayton, J. B. - Cochran, Earle

Box 12 of 112

Folder 7 Cockayne, E. O. - Coleman, E. M.

Box 12 of 112

Folder 8 Colgren, Arthur - Collins Publicity Service

Box 12 of 112

Folders 9-12 Collins-Garner Expedition to the Congo, 1915-1921

Box 12 of 112

Folder 13 Colson, William - Conger, Charlotte M.

Box 12 of 112

Box 13

Congresses

Folder 1 Aerolocomotion, International Congress of the Sciences Relating to, Verona, Italy, 1910

Box 13 of 112

Folder 2 Aeronautics, Third International Congress of, Milan, Italy, 1905

Box 13 of 112

Folder 3 Aeronautics, Third Pan-American, Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1920

Box 13 of 112

Folder 4 American Congress of Bibliography and History, Buenos Aires and Tucuman, Argentina, 1915-1916

Box 13 of 112

Folder 5 American Mining Congress, Seventeenth, Phoenix, Arizona, 1914

Box 13 of 112

Folder 6 American Scientific Congress, International, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1910

Box 13 of 112

Folder 7 Americanists, Fourteenth International Congress of, Stuttgart, Germany, 1904-1905

Box 13 of 112

Folder 8 Americanists, Fifteenth International Congress of, Quebec, Canada, 1905-1906

Box 13 of 112

Folder 9 Americanists, Sixteenth International Congress of, Vienna, Austria, 1907-1908

Box 13 of 112

Folders 10-11 Americanists, Seventeenth International Congress of, Mexico City, Mexico, and Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1909-1910

Box 13 of 112

Box 14

Congresses

Folder 1 Americanists, Eighteenth International Congress of, London, England, 1912

Box 14 of 112

Folders 2-4 Americanists, Nineteenth International Congress of, Washington, D. C. 1912-1916

Box 14 of 112

Folder 5 Americanists, Twentieth International Congress of, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1917 [postponed to 1922]

Box 14 of 112

Folder 6 Americanists, Twentieth International Congress of, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1922-1923

Box 14 of 112

Folder 7 Americanists, Twenty-first International Congress of, The Hague, The Netherlands, 1923-1924

Box 14 of 112

Folder 8 American Sociological Congress, Washington, D.C., 1920

Box 14 of 112

Folder 9 American States, Fifth International Congress of, 1923

Box 14 of 112

Folder 10 Anthropology and Archeology, Prehistoric, Thirteenth International Congress, Monaco, 1905-1906

Box 14 of 112

Folder 11 Anthropology and Archeology, Prehistoric, Fourteenth International Congress, Geneva, Switzerland, 1911-1912

Box 14 of 112

Folder 12 Applied Chemistry, Seventh International Congress of, London, England, 1908-1909

Box 14 of 112

Folder 13 Applied Chemistry, Eighth International Congress of, New York, New York, 1911-1912

Box 14 of 112

Folder 14 Applied Chemistry, Ninth International Congress of, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1915

Box 14 of 112

Folder 15 Archeological Congress, Second International, Cairo, Egypt, 1908-1909

Box 14 of 112

Folder 16 Archeological Congress, Third International, Rome, Italy, 1912

Box 14 of 112

Folder 17 Archeological Congress of France: Le Puy (1904), Beauvais (1905), Avallon (1907), Caen (1908)

Box 14 of 112

Folder 18 Bibliography and Documentation, International Congress of, Brussels, Belgium, 1908-1910

Box 14 of 112

Folder 19 Botany, Third International Congress of, Brussels, Belgium, 1910

Box 14 of 112

Box 15

Congresses

Folder 1 Chase, Second International Congress on the, Vienna, Austria, 1910

Box 15 of 112

Folder 2 Chemistry and Physics, Second International Congress of Pure and Applied, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1911

Box 15 of 112

Folder 3 Child's Congress, First American, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1916

Box 15 of 112

Folder 4 Chilean General Scientific Congress, Eighth, Temuco, Chile, 1912

Box 15 of 112

Folder 5 Conservation Congress, Third National, Kansas City, Kansas, 1911

Box 15 of 112

Folder 6 Consulting Engineers, Second International Congress of, Berne, Switzerland, 1914

Box 15 of 112

Folder 7 Criminal Anthropology, Sixth International Congress of, Turin, Italy, 1905-1906

Box 15 of 112

Folder 8 Criminal Anthropology, Seventh International Congress of, Cologne, Germany, 1911

Box 15 of 112

Folder 9 Egyptian Medical Congress, First, Cairo, Egypt, 1902

Box 15 of 112

Folder 10 Entomology, First International Congress of, Brussels, Belgium, 1910

Box 15 of 112

Folder 11 Eugenics, Second International Congress of, New York, New York, 1921

Box 15 of 112

Folder 12 Fishery Congress, Fourth International, Washington, D. C., 1906-1908

Box 15 of 112

Folder 13 French Geographical Societies, Thirteenth National Congress of, Roubaix, France, 1911

Box 15 of 112

Folder 14 Geography, Ninth International Congress of, Geneva, Switzerland, 1908-1909

Box 15 of 112

Folder 15 Geography, Tenth International Congress of, Rome, Italy, 1910

Box 15 of 112

Folder 16 Geography and Ethnology, Eleventh International Congress of, Cairo, Egypt, 1922-1924

Box 15 of 112

Folder 17 Geologic Congress, First International, Brussels, Belgium, 1922

Box 15 of 112

Folder 18 Geology, Tenth International Congress of, Stockholm, Sweden, 1909-1911

Box 15 of 112

Folder 19 Geology, Twelfth International Congress of, Toronto, Canada, 1912-1913

Box 15 of 112

Folder 20 Hispano-American Geography and History, Congress of, Seville, Spain, 1914

Box 15 of 112

Folder 21 Historical Sciences, Fifth International Congress of, Brussels, Belgium, 1922-1923

Box 15 of 112

Folder 22 Historical Studies, International Congress of, London, 1912

Box 15 of 112

Folder 23 Home Education, Fourth International Congress of, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1914

Box 15 of 112

Folder 24 Horticulture, International Conference of, Paris, France, 1902, 1904, 1906, 1908, 1911

Box 15 of 112

Folder 25 Housing Reform, International Congress of, Vienna, Austria, 1910; The Hague, The Netherlands, 1913

Box 15 of 112

Folder 26 Hunting and Fishing, International Exhibition for, Antwerp, Belgium, 1906-1908

Box 15 of 112

Folder 27 Hydrology, Climatology, and Geology, Ninth International Congress on, Madrid, Spain, 1913

Box 15 of 112

Folders 28-32 Hygiene and Demography, Fifteenth International Congress on, Washington, D. C., 1909-1912

Box 15 of 112

Folder 33 Librarians, International Congress of, Brussels, Belgium, 1909

Box 15 of 112

Folder 34 Mathematical Congress, Fifth International, Toronto, Canada, 1924

Box 15 of 112

Folder 35 Mathematicians, Third International Congress of, Heidelberg, Germany, 1903-1904

Box 15 of 112

Folder 36 Mathematicians, Fourth International Congress of, Rome, Italy, 1907-1908

Box 15 of 112

Folder 37 Medical Press, Second International Congress of the, Madrid, Spain, 1903

Box 15 of 112

Folder 38 Mining, Metallurgy, Applied Mechanics, and Practical Geology, International Congress of, Liege, Belgium, 1905

Box 15 of 112

Box 16

Congresses

Folder 1 Mining, Metallurgy, Applied Mechanics, and Practical Geology, Second International Congress of, Dusseldorf, Germany, 1909

Box 16 of 112

Folder 2 Mining, Metallurgy, Engineering, and Economic Geology, Sixth International Congress of, London, England, 1914

Box 16 of 112

Folder 3 Nature, International Congress for the Protection of, Paris, France, 1923

Box 16 of 112

Folder 4 Navigation, International Congress on, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1908

Box 16 of 112

Folder 5 Norman Millennium, Congress of the, Rouen, France, 1910-1911

Box 16 of 112

Folder 6 Oceanography, Congress on, Marseilles, France, 1905

Box 16 of 112

Folder 7 Orientalists, International Congress of, Hanoi, Indo-China, 1902

Box 16 of 112

Folder 8 Orientalists, Thirteenth International Congress of, Hamburg, Germany, 1902

Box 16 of 112

Folder 9 Orientalists, Fourteenth International Congress of, Algiers, Algeria, 1904-1905

Box 16 of 112

Folder 10 Orientalists, Fifteenth International Congress of, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1907-1908

Box 16 of 112

Folder 11 Orientalists, Sixteenth International Congress of, Athens, Greece, 1910-1912

Box 16 of 112

Folder 12 Ornithological Congress, Fourth International, London, England, 1905

Box 16 of 112

Folder 13 Ornithological Congress, Fifth International, Berlin, Germany, 1910

Box 16 of 112

Folder 14 Panama-Pacific International Aeronautical Congress, San Francisco, California, 1914

Box 16 of 112

Folder 15 Pan-American Scientific Congress, First, Santiago, Chile, 1908-1909

Box 16 of 112

Folders 16-17 Pan-American Scientific Congress, Second, Washington, D.C., 1915-1916 (deferred from 1912)

Box 16 of 112

Folder 18 Pan-American Scientific Congress, Third, Lima, Peru, 1924

Box 16 of 112

Folder 19 Pan-Pacific Scientific Congress, First, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1920

Box 16 of 112

Folder 20 Pan-Pacific Scientific Congress, Second, Sydney, Australia, 1922-1923

Box 16 of 112

Folder 21 Pathology, First International Congress on Comparative, Paris, France, 1912

Box 16 of 112

Folder 22 Photography, International Congress on, Dresden, Germany, 1908

Box 16 of 112

Folder 23 Police, First International Congress of Investigative, Monaco, 1914

Box 16 of 112

Folder 24 Polish National Congress, Washington, D.C., 1910

Box 16 of 112

Folder 25 Pomological Congress (Pomological Society of France), Angiers, France, 1907; Ghent, Belgium, 1913

Box 16 of 112

Folder 26 Prehistoric Congress of France, Sixth, Tours, France, 1910

Box 16 of 112

Folder 27 Races, Universal Congress of the, London, England, 1910-1911

Box 16 of 112

Folder 28 Radiology and Electricity, International Congress on, Brussels, Belgium, 1911

Box 16 of 112

Folder 29 Refrigeration, First International Congress of, Paris, France, 1907-1908

Box 16 of 112

Folder 30 Refrigeration, Second International Congress of, Vienna, Austria, 1910

Box 16 of 112

Folder 31 Refrigeration, Third International Congress of, Chicago, Illinois, 1912-1913

Box 16 of 112

Box 17

Congresses

Folder 1 Religions, Third International Congress on the History of, Oxford, England, 1908

Box 17 of 112

Folder 2 Sanitary Dwellings, Third International Congress for, Dresden, Germany, 1911

Box 17 of 112

Folder 3 Sugar-Making and Distilling Industries, Second International Congress of, Paris, France, 1908

Box 17 of 112

Folder 4 Technical Instruction, International Congress of Advanced, Brussels, Belgium, 1910

Box 17 of 112

Folder 5 Technology, Congress of, Boston, Massachusetts, 1911

Box 17 of 112

Folder 6 Testing Material, Sixth International Congress of the International Association for, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1912

Box 17 of 112

Folder 7 Tuberculosis, British Congress on, London, England, 1901

Box 17 of 112

Folder 8 Tuberculosis, Seventh International Congress Against, Rome, Italy, 1911

Box 17 of 112

Folder 9 Veterinary Congress, Eighth International, Budapest, Hungary, 1905

Box 17 of 112

Folder 10 Viticulture, International Congress of, Angiers, France, 1907

Box 17 of 112

Folder 11 World's Congress of International Organizations, Brussels, Belgium, 1910

Box 17 of 112

Folder 12 Zoology, Fifth International Congress on, Berlin, Germany, 1900-1902

Box 17 of 112

Folder 13 Zoology, Sixth International Congress on, Berne, Switzerland, 1904-1906

Box 17 of 112

Folder 14 Zoology, Seventh International Congress of, Boston, Massachusetts, 1907

Box 17 of 112

Folder 15 Zoology, Eighth International Congress of, Graz, Austria, 1909-1911

Box 17 of 112

Folder 16 Zoology, Ninth International Congress of, Monaco, 1912-1913

Box 17 of 112

Folder 17 Conkey Co., W. B. - Cooper Union

Box 17 of 112

Folder 18 Cope, Edward Drinker, bibliography, 1907-1916

Box 17 of 112

Folder 19 Copeland, W. P. - Coster, A. Vennell

Box 17 of 112

Folder 20 Cottrell, Frederick Gardiner, 1911-1923. Chiefly concerning his gift of precipitator patents to the Smithsonian

Box 17 of 112

Folder 21 Coulter, John Merle - Coville, Frederick V.

Box 17 of 112

Folder 22 Cox, Dewey - Cram, George F.

Box 17 of 112

Folder 23 Cramer Dry Plate Co., 1911-1924. Concerning glass photographic plates for use by the Astrophysical Observatory

Box 17 of 112

Folder 24 Cramton, Louis C. - Criswell, David S.

Box 17 of 112

Folder 25 Crocker Land Antarctic Expedition prospectus, 1912-1914

Box 17 of 112

Folder 26 Crolins, Cornelia G. - Cross, Charles R.

Box 17 of 112

Box 18

Folder 1 Crossman and Sielcken - Curd, Mrs. Walter G.

Box 18 of 112

Folder 2 Curie, Madame Marie, 1921. Concerning her lecture at the Smithsonian, May 20, 1921

Box 18 of 112

Folder 3 Curley, James M. - Current Opinion

Box 18 of 112

Folder 4 Curtice, Cooper, 1911-1926. Includes photographs

Box 18 of 112

Folder 5 Curtis, Edward S., 1907-1922. Concerning topics in North American anthropology

Box 18 of 112

Folder 6 Curtis, George E. - Curtis, William E.

Box 18 of 112

Folder 7 Curtiss, Glenn E., 1914-1922. Concerning the Langley aerodrome, National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics business, and other aeronautical topics.

Box 18 of 112

Folder 8 Cushing, Frank H. - Czechoslovakia, Legation of

Box 18 of 112

Folder 9 Dacoster, H. B. - Dakin, W. S.

Box 18 of 112

Folder 10 Dale, Samuel S., 1923-1924

Box 18 of 112

Folder 11 Dall, William Healey, 1907-1924. Concerning various topics of Museum business

Box 18 of 112

Folder 12 Dallinger, Frederick W. - Daub, J. G.

Box 18 of 112

Folders 13-16 Daughters of the American Revolution, correspondence, 1907-1924. This correspondence concerns the annual report of the D.A.R. Its charter required the organization to make such a report to the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who was to transmit it to Congress. The Institution and the D.A.R. often disagreed about the legitimate scope of the report.

Box 18 of 112

Folder 17 Daughters of 1812, National Society of United States, 1916-1917

Box 18 of 112

Folder 18 Davenport, Charles B. - Davis, E.

Box 18 of 112

Box 19

Folder 1 Davis, Edward Gates - Davis, Theodore M.

Box 19 of 112

Folder 2 Davis, William M., 1913-1919

Box 19 of 112

Folder 3 Dawe, C. A. G. - Dawson, N. E.

Box 19 of 112

Folder 4 Dawson, W. Bell, 1909, 1923

Box 19 of 112

Folder 5 Day, Arthur L. - Dayton, A. Olin

Box 19 of 112

Folder 6 Dean, Bashford, 1907-1909

Box 19 of 112

Folder 7 Decker Manufacturing Co. - De Frere, Paul

Box 19 of 112

Folder 8 de Forest, Henry W., 1907-1915. Deals with various philanthropic subjects, such as a "plan to rescue the poor whites of the South".

Box 19 of 112

Folder 9 de Forest, Robert W., 1907-1923. Relates chiefly to a 1916-1917 campaign to ensure that provisions for a tax deduction for charitable gifts would be included in the new income tax law passed pursuant to the XVI amendment to the Constitution.

Box 19 of 112

Folder 10 Della Torre, Frank, 1907-1912

Box 19 of 112

Folder 11 Denby, Edwin - Departmental Bank

Box 19 of 112

Folder 12 De Peyster, General John Watts, 1907-1912. Concerning a collection of books on Napoleon to be given to the Smithsonian

Box 19 of 112

Folder 13 Deppe, W. P. - Dobbs, B. B.

Box 19 of 112

Folder 14 Dobson, Gordon M. B. - Dorno, C.

Box 19 of 112

Folder 15 Dorr, George B., 1918-1921

Box 19 of 112

Folder 16 Doubleday and Co. - Driscoll, D. A.

Box 19 of 112

Folder 17 Driver, E. J., 1920-1921

Box 19 of 112

Folder 18 Duane, William - Dunham, W. R.

Box 19 of 112

Folder 19 Dunlap, J. L. - Du Pre, David L.

Box 19 of 112

Folder 20 Durand, Arthur F., 1918-1923

Box 19 of 112

Folder 21 Durban Museum - Dykes, Alvin

Box 19 of 112

Box 20

Folder 1 Earley, Charles, 1917

Box 20 of 112

Folders 2-5 Earthquakes, 1907-1915. Concerning earthquakes reported from around the world

Box 20 of 112

Folders 6-10 Eastman Kodak Co., 1907-1911, 1913-1922. Concerning supplies of film for Smithsonian research, especially the Astrophysical Observatory.

Box 20 of 112

Folder 11 East Tennessee Historical Association - Adolf Eckstein Verlag

Box 20 of 112

Folder 12 Eclipse of the sun of 1918, 1917-1919

Box 20 of 112

Folder 13 The Economic World - Edwards Common Sense Airplane Co.

Box 20 of 112

Folder 14 Edwards, William Seymour, 1911-1912. Deep-well drilling in Kanawha County, West Virginia

Box 20 of 112

Folder 15 Efficiency Society - Eigenmann, C. H.

Box 20 of 112

Folder 16 Eimer and Amend, 1915-1922. Laboratory apparatus suppliers

Box 20 of 112

Folder 17 Eldrikin, John - Elliott, D. G.

Box 20 of 112

Folders 18-19 Elliott, Henry Wood, 1907-1914. Concerning the Alaska fur seal and Elliott's misuse of his Smithsonian affiliation

Box 20 of 112

Box 21

Folder 1 Elliott, James - Emmons, Mrs. Samuel F.

Box 21 of 112

Folder 2 Encyclopedia Americana, 1922-1924

Box 21 of 112

Folder 3 Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910-1916

Box 21 of 112

Folder 4 Encyclopedia of Original Documents - English, Frank R.

Box 21 of 112

Folder 5 Engstrand, Gunnar C. - Everybody's Magazine

Box 21 of 112

Folders 6-15 Exploration pamphlets, Smithsonian, 1908, 1911-1924. Annual published summaries of SI-supported exploration

Box 21 of 112

Expositions

The Smithsonian continued to participate in expositions as it had done in former years, though the activity itself seems to have become less common as the century advanced.

Folder 16 Aerial Craft, Commercial Motor Truck etc., First National Exposition of, Washington, D. C., 1911

Box 21 of 112

Folder 17 Aeronautical Exposition, International, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany, 1909

Box 21 of 112

Folder 18 Alaska Semicentennial Exposition, Fairbanks, Alaska, 1917

Box 21 of 112

Folder 19 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, Seattle, Washington, 1908-1909

Box 21 of 112

Folder 20 Argentine Republic Centenary, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1910

Box 21 of 112

Folder 21 Conservation Exposition, National, Knoxville, Tennessee, 1913

Box 21 of 112

Folder 22 Hygiene Exposition, International, Dresden, Germany, 1910-1911

Box 21 of 112

Folder 23 Jamestown Exposition (Jamestown Aeronautical Congress), Norfolk, Virginia, 1907

Box 21 of 112

Folder 24 Literature, Arts, and Peace, International Exposition of, Lisbon, Portugal, 1907

Box 21 of 112

Folder 25 Maritime Exposition, International, Bordeaux, France, 1906-1907; correspondence

Box 21 of 112

Box 22

Expositions

Folder 1 Maritime Exposition, International, Bordeaux, France, 1907; catalogue

Box 22 of 112

Folders 2-3 Maritime Exposition, International, Bordeaux, France, 1907; photographs of United States exhibit

Box 22 of 112

Folder 4 Milan Exposition of 1906, Milan, Italy, 1905-1906; opening of the Simplon Tunnel

Box 22 of 112

Folder 5-9 Panama-California Exposition, San Diego, California, correspondence, 1912-1916

Box 22 of 112

Folder 13 Photographic Exposition, International, Dresden, Germany, 1909, and Moscow, Russia, 1910

Box 22 of 112

Folder 14 Turin International Exposition, Turin, Italy, 1911

Box 22 of 112

Folder 15 Fabry, Charles - Fergusson, H. B.

Box 22 of 112

Folder 16 Ferraro, D. J., 1907-1908

Box 22 of 112

Box 23

Folder 1 Ferraz, Sampaio - Fisher, Albert Kenrick

Box 23 of 112

Folder 2 Fisher, Irving, 1924

Box 23 of 112

Folder 3 Fisher, Willard J. - Folz, Stanley

Box 23 of 112

Folders 4-6 Foote, Dr. J. S., 1913-1917, 1921. Concerning publications on various topics

Box 23 of 112

Folder 7 Forbes, William T. - Fordney, J. W.

Box 23 of 112

Folders 8-9 Forest Reserve Law, correspondence, 1890-1905, 1916-1917

Box 23 of 112

Folder 10 Formosa - Fowke, Gerard

Box 23 of 112

Folder 11 Fowle, F. E., 1908-1918. Concerning the work of the Astrophysical Observatory

Box 23 of 112

Folder 12 Fowle, Hubert W. - Fox, William H.

Box 23 of 112

Folder 13 Fox, William J., 1907

Box 23 of 112

Folders 14-16 Frachtenberg, Leo, 1917-1918. These folders document the controversy over Frachtenberg's dismissal from the Smithsonian on charges of disloyalty during World War I.

Box 23 of 112

Folder 17 France, Embassy of, 1907-1924

Box 23 of 112

Folder 18 France, Joseph L. - Franke, Rudolph

Box 23 of 112

Folder 19 Franklin Institute, 1909-1920

Box 23 of 112

Folder 20 Fraser, Walter - Freundlich, E. Findlay

Box 23 of 112

Folder 21 Frick, Childs, 1907, 1911-1912, 1920. Especially regarding his Abyssinian expedition, 1912

Box 23 of 112

Folder 22 Frick, Helen C. - Fuller, Alvan T.

Box 23 of 112

Folder 23 Fuller, Myron L., 1917

Box 23 of 112

Folder 24 Fulton, Maurice G. - Furness, Caroline E.

Box 23 of 112

Box 24

Folder 1 Gaertner and Co., William, 1913-1923. Makers of scientific instruments

Box 24 of 112

Folder 2 Gage, Henry P. - Garner, W. W.

Box 24 of 112

Folder 3 Garrett, John Alvin, 1915

Box 24 of 112

Folder 4 Garrettson, F. P. and Co. - Gass, F. E.

Box 24 of 112

Folder 5-6 Gatchell and Manning, 1913-1916

Box 24 of 112

Folder 7 Gates, Clara E. - Gates, Elmer

Box 24 of 112

Folder 8 Gati, Bela, 1911-1913

Box 24 of 112

Folder 9 Gaumont Co. - Gay, Edward J.

Box 24 of 112

Folder 10 Geare, Randolph I., 1908-1917

Box 24 of 112

Folder 11 Geiger, Fred C. - Gellatly, John

Box 24 of 112

Folder 12 General Acoustic Co., 1908-1909

Box 24 of 112

Folder 13 General Electric Co., 1916-1922

Box 24 of 112

Folder 14 General Fireproofing Co. - Gennep, A. von

Box 24 of 112

Folder 15 Geographical position indicator, 1917-1918

Box 24 of 112

Folder 16 Geographical tables, Smithsonian, 1913-1922

Box 24 of 112

Folder 17 Geological Society of America - George, R. M.

Box 24 of 112

Folders 18-20 George Washington Memorial Association, correspondence, 1907, 1909

Box 24 of 112

Box 25

Folders 1-12 George Washington Memorial Association, correspondence, 1910-1929

Box 25 of 112

Folder 13 George Washington Memorial Association, printed matter: pamphlets, brochures, programs (oversize, removed to Box 107)

Box 25 of 112

Folder 14 George Washington University - Gifford, L. B.

Box 25 of 112

Folder 15 Gilbert, Chester G. - Givenwilson, Irene

Box 25 of 112

Box 26

Folder 1 Glacier Bay [Alaska] National Monument, 1912-1924

Box 26 of 112

Folder 2 Glahn, Jacob - Gluck, John D.

Box 26 of 112

Folders 3-16 Goddard, Robert H., correspondence, 1916-1924. Chiefly records of Goddard's investigation of high-altitude flight under Smithsonian sponsorship. Documentation includes reports, correspondence, photographs, and patents.

Box 26 of 112

Box 27

Folders 1-9 Goddard, Robert H., 1918-1924, 1929. Reports, patents, photographs

Box 27 of 112

Folder 10 Godoy, Jose F. - Goodyear, W. H.

Box 27 of 112

Folder 11 Gorczynski, Ladislaus, 1923-1924

Box 27 of 112

Folder 12 Gordon, G. B. - Graham, Walter

Box 27 of 112

Folder 13 Grand Army of the Republic - Gray, Thomas

Box 27 of 112

Folder 14 Great Northern Railway Co. - Green, Bernard R.

Box 27 of 112

Folder 15 Green, Henry J., 1909-1924

Box 27 of 112

Folder 16 Greene, Edward B., Jr., 1910

Box 27 of 112

Folder 17 Greene, Edward Lee, 1907-1909

Box 27 of 112

Box 28

Folders 1-2 Greene, Edward Lee, 1910-1925

Box 28 of 112

Folder 3 Greene, Frank L. - Greene, George K.

Box 28 of 112

Folder 4 Greene, Louis E. - Gronberger, S. M.

Box 28 of 112

Folder 5 Gross, Sidney A., 1917-1918

Box 28 of 112

Folder 6 Grosvenor, Gilbert H. - Gunderoth, Charles J.

Box 28 of 112

Folder 7 Gunnell, Leonard C., 1907-1923

Box 28 of 112

Folder 8 Gurley, Dr. Revere Randolph, 1910-1912

Box 28 of 112

Folder 9 Gurley, W. and L. E., 1908-1923

Box 28 of 112

Folder 10 Guthnick, Dr. P., 1918-1920

Box 28 of 112

Folder 11 Guye, Ph. A. - Gwynn, H. R.

Box 28 of 112

Folder 12 Haagner, A. - Hale, Ellen D.

Box 28 of 112

Folder 13 Hale, George Ellery, 1907-1922. Discussing astronomical subjects

Box 28 of 112

Folder 14 Haley, Louis C. - Hallock, Charles

Box 28 of 112

Folder 15 Hallock, William H., 1907-1908

Box 28 of 112

Folder 16 Hambach, Gustav, 1907-1922

Box 28 of 112

Folder 17 Hamerschlag, Arthur A. - Harcourt, Brace, and Howe

Box 28 of 112

Folder 18 Harding, Warren G. Memorial Association, 1923-1924

Box 28 of 112

Folder 19 Hardy, Charles - Harper, John A.

Box 28 of 112

Folders 20-22 Harriman Alaska Series, correspondence, 1910

Box 28 of 112

Box 29

Folders 1-2 Harriman Alaska Series, correspondence, 1911, 1914-1917, 1920-1921

Box 29 of 112

Folder 3-7 Harriman Alaska Series, starfish, 1911-1914

Box 29 of 112

Folders 8-10 Harriman Alaska Series, Lord Baltimore Press, 1910-1911

Box 29 of 112

Folder 11 Harris, G. D. - Hart, Mrs. F. R.

Box 29 of 112

Folder 12 Hart, William S. - Hayes, C. B.

Box 29 of 112

Folder 13 Haynald Observatory, Kolocsa, Hungary, 1922-1924

Box 29 of 112

Folder 14 Haynes Satellite Co., 1915-1924. Concerning astronomical apparatus

Box 29 of 112

Folder 15 Hays, A. C. - Health Record

Box 29 of 112

Folder 16 Heard, Dwight B., 1907. Includes photograph

Box 29 of 112

Folder 17 Herbert, Eugene - Hess, Alfred F.

Box 29 of 112

Box 30

Folder 1 Hess, Frank L., 1907-1912. Concerning a bibliography of tin

Box 30 of 112

Folder 2 Hesse, C. A. - Hill, George F.

Box 30 of 112

Folder 3 Hill, J. H., 1907-1924. Concerning his duties as Property Clerk

Box 30 of 112

Folder 4 Hill, James Jerome Reference Library - Hilts, Mrs. J. C.

Box 30 of 112

Folders 5-6 Hinsdale, Dr. Guy, 1913 - 1925. Concerning his receipt of the Hodgkins Prize, as well as other topics

Box 30 of 112

Folder 7 Hitchcock, A. S. - Hodenpijl, Gijsbert

Box 30 of 112

Folder 8 Hodge, Frederick Webb - Hollister, Ned

Box 30 of 112

Folder 9 Holm, Frits von, 1908-1920. Concerning various research projects and Holm's suspected German sympathies in World War I

Box 30 of 112

Folder 10 Holmes, Burton, 1908-1917

Box 30 of 112

Folder 11 Holmes, Joseph A. Safety Association (Chapter) Correspondence, 1916-1924

Box 30 of 112

Folder 12 Safety Association executive committee minutes, 1922-1924

Box 30 of 112

Folders 13-14 Safety Association minutes, 1916-1917, 1919, 1920-1923

Box 30 of 112

Box 31

Folder 1 Holmes, Joseph A. Safety Association, "Holmes Safety Chapter Notes," 1924

Box 31 of 112

Folder 2 Holmes, William Henry, 1908-1924. Concerning his duties as Head Curator in the Department of Anthropology, USNM

Box 31 of 112

Folder 3 Holmes, W. H. - Houx, F. L.

Box 31 of 112

Folder 4 Howard, Leland Ossian, correspondence, 1908-1915

Box 31 of 112

Folder 5 Howarth, [?] - Howell, Edwin E.

Box 31 of 112

Folder 6 Hoxmark, Guillermo, 1922-1924

Box 31 of 112

Folder 7 Hoxton, L. G. - Hoyt, John W.

Box 31 of 112

Folders 8-10 Hrdlicka, Ales A., correspondence, 1909-1925. Concerning various topics in physical anthropology and details of Museum administration.

Box 31 of 112

Folder 11 Hubbard, R. W. - Humphreys, W. J.

Box 31 of 112

Folders 12-15 Hunsaker, Jerome C., 1913-1916. Hunsaker had worked with S. P. Langley. These records deal with research in aeronautics and the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics.

Box 31 of 112

Folder 16 Hunt, Leslie J. - Hyde, W. A.

Box 31 of 112

Box 32

Folder 1 Ibarra, A. M. Fernandez de, 1907

Box 32 of 112

Folders 2-3 Iddings, Joseph P., 1909-1916. Concerning geological specimens from China, Japan, and the Far East.

Box 32 of 112

Folder 4 Illinois Aero Club - Illuminating Engineering Society

Box 32 of 112

Folder 5 Immigration Restriction League, correspondence and pamphlets, 1907-1916

Box 32 of 112

Folder 6 Ince, Thomas H. - Inter-Departmental Chorus

Box 32 of 112

Folder 7 Internal Work of the Wind, 1907-1908. Concerning reprinting of this S. P. Langley publication

Box 32 of 112

Folder 8 International Association for the Advancement of Science - International Auxiliary Language

Box 32 of 112

Folder 9 International Canadian Boundary Commission - Iyer, L. K. Anantha Krishna

Box 32 of 112

Folder 10 Jackson, Gilbert E. - James, George Wharton

Box 32 of 112

Folder 11 James, William, 1908 concerning interest in spiritualism by Thomas George Hodgkins, nineteenth-century benefactor of the Smithsonian.

Box 32 of 112

Folder 12 Jameson, J. Franklin - Jobin, A.

Box 32 of 112

Folder 13 Jochelson, Waldemar, 1915-1922

Box 32 of 112

Folder 14 Joffee, S. A. - Jones, Winthrop

Box 32 of 112

Folder 15 Jordan, David Starr, 1907-1916. Concerning research grants

Box 32 of 112

Folder 16 Jordan, Wilfred F. - Julius, W. H.

Box 32 of 112

Folder 17 Julliot, Henri, 1920

Box 32 of 112

Box 33

Folder 1 Kaempffert, Waldemar - Kahler, Max .

Box 33 of 112

Folders 2-9 Kahn Foundation for the Foreign Travel of American Teachers, correspondence, trustees' minutes, 1909-1917, 1919, 1921. Charles D. Walcott was a founding trustee of this foundation, created by Albert Kahn, a Paris banker, as a means of advancing the cause of peace and international understanding. The trust was to support such number of American teachers as the trustees might select for a year's travel and observation abroad. The American foundation complemented similar trusts in France, the United Kingdom, Germany, and Italy. It expired, in America, at least, among the wreckage of foreign exchange after World War I.

Box 33 of 112

Folder 10 Kalcik, Vaclav - Kaznakoff, Alexander N.

Box 33 of 112

Folder 11 Keeley-Handy Syndicate, 1916-1917

Box 33 of 112

Folder 12 Keen, W. W. - Kelly, James

Box 33 of 112

Folder 13 Kelsey, Francis W., 1910-1922. Concerning dealings with Charles L. Freer (q.v.) and his art collection

Box 33 of 112

Folder 14 Kemble, Edwin C. - Kilgore, Y. J.

Box 33 of 112

Box 34

Folders 1-3 Kindle, Edward M., 1907-1924. Discussing various topics in paleontology

Box 34 of 112

Folder 4 King, Louis V. - Klotz, Otto

Box 34 of 112

Folder 5 Klotz, Walter C. - Kopac, M.

Box 34 of 112

Folders 6-11 John Koren Expedition to Siberia, correspondence, February-November 1914, February-June, August 1915-1917. John (or Johan) Koren, a fur dealer and collector, approached the Smithsonian in 1911, proposing to take a Smithsonian representative with him on his expedition to the Kolyma River region of Siberia. George P. Merrill and others at the Smithsonian were enthusiastic about the project, and Benno Alexander was chosen for the work. He was joined by Copley Amory, Jr., of Columbia University in his capacity as a Smithsonian collaborator and partial sponsor of the expedition. The party set out about June 25, 1914, from Seattle, Washington, and dissension soon arose between Koren and Amory. Koren seems to have gone bankrupt, and Amory continued the expedition. Alexander and the Smithsonian felt that their interests had not been much considered in the course of the struggles between Amory and Koren. Alexander did not have as much opportunity to collect material as he had hoped for, and apparently much of that had to be left behind for want of shipping from Siberia when World War I broke out.

Box 34 of 112

Folder 12 Kornfeld, N. H. - Kulp, Dan H.

Box 34 of 112

Folder 13 Kunz, George Frederick - Kurtz, Ford

Box 34 of 112

Folder 14 LaCauzo, F. E. - Lang, Herbert

Box 34 of 112

Folder 15 Langley aerodrome controversy, correspondence, 1914. This dispute concerned the propriety of Glenn H. Curtiss's 1914 reconstruction and flight of Samuel P. Langley's aerodrome. Partisans of Langley and of the Wright brothers fell into a bitter dispute over the claims of each side to priority in manned flight.

Box 34 of 112

Box 35

Folders 1-2 Langley aerodrome controversy, 1915-1922

Box 35 of 112

Folders 3-6 Langley Day, correspondence, speeches, invitations, 1913. On May 6, 1913, the seventeenth anniversary of the flight of Secretary Langley's unmanned aerodrome number 5, the Institution convened a meeting to commemorate the event, and to award the Langley Medal to Glenn H. Curtiss and Gustave Eiffel. Addresses were given by Alexander Graham Bell and John Brashear (q.q.v.).

Box 35 of 112

Folder 7 Langley, John Williams, 1908-1918. The brother of Secretary Langley

Box 35 of 112

Folder 8 Langley, F. L. - Langley Junior High School

Box 35 of 112

Folder 9 Langley, Samuel Pierpont, 1913-1919 and undated. Biographical material and correspondence

Box 35 of 112

Folder 10 Langstaff, George - Latourette, Kenneth S.

Box 35 of 112

Folder 11 Laufer, Berthold, 1907-1913. Concerning various papers to be published by the Smithsonian

Box 35 of 112

Folder 12 Laurie, S. P. - Le Baron, J. Francis

Box 35 of 112

Folder 13 Lectures, popular, 1918-1920. In 1918 Secretary Walcott appointed a committee, chaired by Charles G. Abbot, to arrange popular adult lectures about science at the Smithsonian. It seems to have been active for about two years.

Box 35 of 112

Folder 14 Lederle Antitoxin Laboratories - Leland, Waldo Gifford

Box 35 of 112

Folder 15 Lemaire, E. - Lewin, Sarah M.

Box 35 of 112

Folder 16 Lewis, J. Volney - Lightfoot, J. H.

Box 35 of 112

Folder 17 Lightning discharges, protection from, 1909-1924

Box 35 of 112

Folder 18 Lillie, Grant W. - Lincoln relics, Oldroyd Collection of

Box 35 of 112

Folder 19 Lindblad, Bertil - Lissman, Marcel

Box 35 of 112

Folder 20 Little, Arthur D. - Local Notes

Box 35 of 112

Box 36

Folder 1 Loeb, Morris - Lowe, Thaddeus S. C.

Box 36 of 112

Folder 2 Lowell, Earl B. - Lundbohm, Hjalmar

Box 36 of 112

Folder 3 McAdie, Alexander, 1909-1920. Concerning meteorological and astronomical topics

Box 36 of 112

Folder 4 Macalister, R. A. S. - McCurdy, Arthur W.

Box 36 of 112

Folder 5 MacCurdy, George Grant, 1914-1922

Box 36 of 112

Folder 6 McDermott, F. Alexander - MacDougal, Daniel T.

Box 36 of 112

Folder 7 McDowell Co., John A., 1922. Successor to John A. Brashear Ltd.

Box 36 of 112

Folder 8 McDowell, William Osborne - McGirr and Co.

Box 36 of 112

Folder 9 Machlett and Son, E. Instrument makers

Box 36 of 112

Folder 10 McHugh, H. D. - McLean, George P.

Box 36 of 112

Folder 11 McLennan, Evan, 1918-1919

Box 36 of 112

Folder 12 McMurtrie, William - Macpherson, Donald

Box 36 of 112

Folder 13 Magee, Walter W. - Manley, John J.

Box 36 of 112

Folder 14 Manly, Charles Matthews, 1912-1917. Concerning the Langley aerodrome, as well as the manufacture of scientific instruments

Box 36 of 112

Folder 15 Mann, James R. - Mansfield, Ira F.

Box 36 of 112

Folder 16 Manson, Marsden, 1909-1924. Concerning his studies in meteorology

Box 36 of 112

Folder 17 Manter, George B. - Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co.

Box 36 of 112

Folder 18 Marsh, C. Dwight, 1912-1919. Concerning publication of research carried out on the Biological Survey of Panama (See: Panama Canal Zone, Biological Survey)

Box 36 of 112

Folder 19 Marsh, G. F. - Maxon, William R.

Box 36 of 112

Folder 20 Maxwell, George H., 1911-1918

Box 36 of 112

Folder 21 Maynard, George C., 1909-1918. Chiefly concerning efforts to create a national university in Washington, D. C.

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Folder 22 Means, James H. - Mearns, Edgar A.

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Box 37

Folder 1 Medhurst, C. Spurgeon - Mendenhall, Charles Elwood

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Folder 2 Mercer, Mrs. Carroll - Merriam, John C.

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Folder 3 Merrill, George P., 1907-1923. Concerning his work as Head Curator of Geology

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Folder 4 Meserve, F. H. - Metric system

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Folder 5 Metropolitan Museum of Art - Miller, Eric R.

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Folder 6 Miller, Gerrit S. Jr., 1910-1924. Concerning his work as Curator of Mammals

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Folder 7 Miller, John A. - Minnesota Historical Society

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Folder 8 Mirinny, L. - Moens, Herman M. B.

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Folder 9 Monaco, Prince of , 1913. Concerning his visit to the Smithsonian

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Folder 10 Montefiore, George - Montgomery, James A.

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Folder 11 Moodie, Dr. Roy L., 1912-1918. Concerning his paleontological research

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Folders 12-18 Moore, Alfred F., and Abbott, L. H., Montezuma Observatory, Calama, Chile, August 1917-June 1918, August 1918-March 1920. Concerning work of the APO at the Calama site; includes photographs.

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Box 38

Folders 1-3 Moore, Alfred F., Montezuma Observatory, Calama, Chile, April-December 1920, 1924

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Folder 4 Moore, Charles - Morschhauser, W. A.

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Folder 5 Morse, W. C. - Multiscope and Film Corp.

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Folder 6 Muncaster, Mary - Munn & Co.

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Folder 7 Munroe, Helen - Myrick, Herbert

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Folder 8 Nadal, E. S. - Nagle, Augustus F.

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Folder 9 Nansen, Fridjof, 1917-1921. Chiefly concerning temperature and solar radiation

Box 38 of 112

Naples Zoological Station

Folder 10 Andrews, Dr. Frank M., 1906-1909. In 1893 the Smithsonian began to sponsor a "table" for original research at the research station maintained by the Naples Zoological Society, Naples, Italy. The station, founded in 1875, was intended as an international center for studies in the biological and life sciences. It was directed by Dr. Anton Dohrn until his death, when he was succeeded by his son, Dr. Reinhard Dohrn. Sponsorship of this table enabled the Smithsonian to assign one or two scholars to the research facility for whatever time it wished. Before the onset of World War I forced the station to close, this table offered research opportunities to a substantial number of users. These records are arranged alphabetically by applicant name.

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Folder 11 Bovard, Dr. John, 1914-1915

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Folder 12 Colton, Dr. Harold Setters, 1908

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Folder 13 Congdon, Dr. E. D., 1911

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Folder 14 Coulter, Dr. John M., 1908

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Folder 15 Day, Edward C., 1912-1913

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Folder 16 Edwards, Dr. Charles Lincoln, 1909-1910

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Folder 17 Glaser, Otto C., 1911

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Folder 18 Greene, Dr. Charles W., 1910

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Folder 19 Guyer, Michael F., 1908-1910

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Folder 20 Hargitt, Dr. Charles W., 1910-1912

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Folder 21 Hemmeter, Dr. John C., 1913-1914

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Folder 22 Hoyt, Dr. W. D., 1909-1910

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Folder 23 Kofoid, Dr. Charles A., 1907-1908

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Folder 24 Kornheuser, Dr. Sidney I., 1911-1913

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Folder 25 Lewis, Dr. L. F., 1907-1908

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Folder 26 Mackenzie, Mary D., 1914

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Folder 27 Miyake, Dr. K., 1911

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Folder 28 Morgulis, Sergius, 1910

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Folder 29 Painter, Dr. Thomas S., 1913

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Folder 30 Payne, Fernandus, 1911-1912

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Folder 31 Phelps, Miss Jessie, 1907

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Folder 32 Reed, Howard S., 1912

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Folder 33 Senior, Dr. H. D., 1908

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Box 39

Folder 1 Spaeth, Reynold A., 1913-1914

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Folder 2 Starks, Edwin C., 1913

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Folder 3 Strong, Dr. R. M., 1909-1910

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Folder 4 Williams, Dr. Stephen R., 1910-1911

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Folder 5 Young, Dr. R. T., 1913

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Folder 6 Zeleny, Prof. Charles, 1911

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Folders 7-8 Administrative correspondence, 1893-1924

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Folder 9 Record books, 1893-1916

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Folder 10 Nashville Banner - National Academy of Design

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Folders 11-16 National Academy of Sciences, correspondence, 1907-1911, 1913, 1915, 1917-1920, 1922-1924. Concerning operations of the Academy, which was housed at the Smithsonian during much of this time.

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Folders 17-18 National Academy of Sciences, new building, including plans, 1919-1921, 1923

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Box 40

Folders 1-4 National Academy of Sciences, new building, correspondence, 1922-1923

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Folder 5 National Aeroplane Competition- National Conservatory of Music

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Folder 6 National Defense, Council of - National Federation of Federal Employees

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Folders 7-8 National Geographic Society, correspondence 1907-1922. Concerning matters of mutual interest, particularly accessions to the National Museum from the Society's expedition to Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, 1921-1922.

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Folder 9 National Parks Association, correspondence, 1921-1924. Concerning efforts to strengthen the national parks system in the United States

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Folder 10 National Health Council - National Reclamation Association

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Folders 11-19 National Research Council, correspondence, 1916-1924. In 1916, at the request of President Wilson, the National Academy of Sciences and the Engineering Foundation collaborated to create the National Research Council. This body was intended to give more direction to the nation's scientific and engineering resources in a number of areas in order to support the national defense and other aspects of the national welfare. Charles D. Walcott was appointed one of the Council's members. Most of this material focuses on preparing for, and waging, World War I.

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Folder 20 Reports and financial records, 1919-1924

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Box 41

Folder 1 National Research Council, 1917. Proposals of Prof. William M. Davis dealing with topographic training and other topics related to preparedness for World War I.

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Folder 2 National Security League - Nature

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Folder 3 Naully, Edward Fairfax, correspondence and drawings, 1914-1916. Concerning aviation topics

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Folder 4 Nelson, E. W. - New Hampshire Forests, Society for

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Folder 5 New York State Commission on Ventilation, 1916-1921

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Folders 6-10 New York University Hall of Fame, correspondence, 1907-1920, 1922-1924. These files document an effort at New York University to create and maintain a program honoring famous Americans. Its aim seems to have been stimulation of national pride and recognition of achievement in a wide variety of endeavors. The Smithsonian Secretary was one of the electors.

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Folder 11 Niagara Falls, hydroelectric power possibilities of, 1923-1925

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Folder 12 Nichols, Ernest Fox correspondence, 1919-1923. Concerning astrophysical research

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Folder 13 Nitrate supply, nitrogen fixation and, 1916-1917. Discussing assurance of adequate nitrogen supplies in time of war

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Folder 14 Nobel Prize Nominations, correspondence, 1907-1924. The Secretary of the Smithsonian was one of those canvassed by the Swedish Royal Academy to propose recipients of the Nobel Prize in various disciplines. In 1920 Walcott proposed Albert Einstein for the 1921 prize in physics. In 1923 he proposed Robert A. Millikin for the same prize in 1924. Of course, he proposed the names of other, less successful candidates as well.

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Folder 15 Nolan, John I., 1916-1921. Rep. Nolan was a member and eventual chairman of the House Committee on Labor. This correspondence deals with his interest in the federal work force.

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Box 42

Folder 1 Nolin, J. V. - North American Review

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Folders 2-8 North American Wildflowers, correspondence, 1922-1924. These folders document the production of a portfolio entitled North American Wildflowers painted from nature by Mary Vaux Walcott, wife of Charles D. Walcott, while accompanying her husband on annual summer field trips. The portfolio, financed by private subscriptions, was intended to familiarize readers with a wide range of North American wild flowers and to raise funds for support of Smithsonian research.

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Folder 9 Norton, Charles D. - Nutting, C. C.

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Folder 10 O'Brien, J. J. - Osborne, Carl

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Folder 11 Osgood, Wilfred H., 1914-1920. Concerning the fur seal controversy

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Folder 12 Osse, Edward A. - Overman, Lee S.

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Folder 13 Padgett, Mrs. Lemuel P. - Palmer, William S.

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Panama Canal Zone Biological Survey Project

Folder 14 Correspondence, 1904-1910. Planning for this project began in 1908 and attracted substantial interest from the scientific community and notable amateurs of science of the day. This and following folders document the planning and execution of the work, which was carried out with public and private funds. It was co-ordinated by the Smithsonian, with the help of the Bureau of Fisheries, Department of Commerce and Labor, and the Biological Survey and Divisions of Botany and Entomology, Department of Agriculture. It may be that the interest and data produced by this effort helped to lay the groundwork for the Institute for Research in Tropical America, the progenitor of the present-day Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (see record units 46, 50, 108, 134, 135).

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Box 43

Folders 1-3 Panama Canal Zone Biological Survey Project correspondence, 1911-1917

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Folder 4 Disbursements and contributions, 1910-1912

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Folder 5 Correspondence with executive departments: Agriculture, 1910-1913

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Folder 6 State and War Departments, 1910-1911

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Folder 7 Isthmian Canal Commission, 1910-1914

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Folder 8 Panama, Republic of, correspondence, 1912-1913

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Folders 9-11 Pittier, Henri F., correspondence, 1910-1914. Pittier began working for the Isthmian Survey and remained in Panama after it ended, collecting for the Institution.

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Folder 12 Pan American Union, 1910-1922

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Box 44

Folder 1 Panayeff, Joseph V. - Pan Pacific Union

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Folder 2 Paris National Library - Partello, J. M. F.

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Folder 3 Pasteur Centenary - Paton, Stewart

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Folder 4 Patten, Dr. William, 1911-1912

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Folder 5 Patterson, Paul C. - Payne, R. T.

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Folder 6 Peabody Museum - Peking Union College

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Folders 7-8 Pell, Rev. Alfred Duane: Collection of, correspondence, and copy of will, 1914-1925. This collection of porcelain, furnishings, and objets de virtu is now in the National Museum of American History.

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Folder 9 Pembroke College (Oxford)- Pennsylvania, University of

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Folder 10 Perez, Gilbert S. - Perring, M. E.

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Folder 11 Pestel, Arthur, 1920-1921

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Folder 12 Peters, P. Igonda - Petrovich, Woislav M.

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Folder 13 Pfeffer, David W. - photogrammetry

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Folders 14-19 Smithsonian Physical Tables, correspondence, 1908-1913. In 1852 Arnold Guyot compiled a volume of meteorological tables based on observations collected by the Smithsonian. The work proved popular, and in 1890 Secretary Langley directed publication of separate meteorological, geographical, and physical tables. The first edition of the Physical Tables, prepared by Thomas Gray, appeared in 1897. This correspondence concerns a reprinting, with minor corrections, of that publication.

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Box 45

Folders 1-3 Smithsonian Physical Tables, 1914-1915, 1919-1923

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Folder 4 Physikalische Zeitschrift - Plank, William C.

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Folder 5 Plant Introduction Garden, Smithsonian as trustee, correspondence, 1916. In 1916 David Fairchild of the Department of Agriculture asked the Smithsonian to agree to act as trustee of a plant introduction garden, to be created from the lands of a donor (one Larrabee) in Bellingham, Washington. The Institution was receptive, but the plan never matured, for reasons not shown in these records.

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Folder 6 Plummer, H. C. - Popular Radio

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Folder 7 Porter, Carlos E. - Post, Melville D.

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Folder 8 Potomac Electric Power Co., 1910-1911

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Folders 9-14 John Wesley Powell Monuments, correspondence, 1909-April 1914. These records chiefly document unsuccessful efforts to erect a monument to Major John Wesley Powell, long-time director of the United States Geological Survey. The monument was to have stood at the brink of the Grand Canyon, which Powell had made famous during his exploration of the Colorado River from 1869 to 1872. There are sketches for a proposed monument, 1909-1910, as well as photographs of a monument erected to Powell in Arlington National Cemetery, but no correspondence concerning the latter.

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Box 46

Folder 1 John Wesley Powell Monuments, correspondence, May 1914-1915

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Folder 2 John Wesley Powell Monuments, proposed sketches for a monument to Powell at the Grand Canyon, 1909-1910; includes undated photographs of a monument in Arlington National Cemetery.

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Folder 3 Pressey, Henry A. - Proctor, William C.

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Folder 4 Projectiles, experiments on, 1917-1918. Concerning work with Charles A. Junken of the Coast Artillery Board, including photographs.

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Folder 5 Prosser, William S. - Putnam, Mrs. F. W.

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Folder 6 G. P. Putnam's Sons and Knickerbocker Press - Rabola, Federico

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Folders 7-8 Radio Programs at the Smithsonian, correspondence and scripts, 1923-1924. The Smithsonian seems to have begun its work with the so-called electronic media in 1923. Austin H. Clark of the National Museum staff organized the original effort and prepared a paper on potential uses of radio by museums, of which a copy is found here.

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Folder 9 Rainey, Paul Jr., expedition to Africa, 1911-1915. Concerning Rainey's expedition to British East Africa, 1911-1912, accompanied by Edmund Heller, a collector for the Smithsonian.

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Folder 10 Ralston, Samuel M. - Raurich, Salvador

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Folders 11-12 Raven, Henry Cushier, 1912-1918

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Folder 13 Raven, Henry Cushier, correspondence, 1918-1920. Raven, a collector for the Smithsonian Institution, apparently ran afoul of the draft laws because of his extended stay in Borneo. This correspondence deals with that episode and his subsequent return to the Pacific.

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Folder 14 Rea, Kennedy F. - Rees, L.

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Folders 15-16 Reese, Albert M., 1905-1922

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Box 47

Folder 1 Reese, Stanley C. - Republican National Committee

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Folders 2-8 The Research Corporation, correspondence with Frederick G. Cottrell, February-December 1911, 1912-1918. Frederick Gardiner Cottrell approached the Smithsonian in 1911 and offered to give it certain income-producing patents for electrostatic precipitation processes. He had supposed that the Smithsonian could license the patents and apply the income to research. The Institution concluded that it could not hold the patents. Ultimately a corporation was created to administer the patents, and the Smithsonian's Secretary was made a member of its board.

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Folders 9-14 Research Corporation, January-August, October-December 1912. Concerning the creation of the Corporation and its subsequent plans

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Folder 15 Research, International Institute for, 1909-1910. Concerning the plans of Robert Wallace, Edinburgh University, to promote world peace

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Folder 16 Research University, The, 1914-1920. Gertrude R. Brigham, once Walcott's secretary, misrepresented her association with the Smithsonian after leaving its employ, which the Institution sought to correct.

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Folder 17 Resser, Charles E. - Richards, W. F.

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Box 48

Folder 1 Richardson, F. G. - Riggs National Bank

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Folder 2 Riker, Carroll Livingston, 1912-1913

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Folder 3 Riley, J. D. - Roberts, Alpheus J.

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Folder 4 Roberts, Ernest W. - Robinson, Conway

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Folder 5 Robinson, Doane - Rockefeller, John D., Jr.

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Folder 6 Rockhill, William Woodville - Roe, Charles H.

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Folder 7 Roebling, John A., 1920-1923. This correspondence deals largely with Roebling's gifts to support solar radiation research at the Smithsonian.

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Folder 8 Roebuck, John R. - Ropes, E. E.

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Folders 9-13 Roosevelt African Expedition, correspondence, June 1908-February 1909. Theodore Roosevelt invited the Smithsonian to send a naturalist along on his intended expedition to Africa. Finally three were sent: Edgar A. Mearns; Edmund Heller; and J. A. Loring. The party sailed from New York in March 1909 and disbanded at Khartoum in March 1910. The National Museum acquired about 1,000 skins of large mammals, 4,000 of small ones, and other specimens, totaling about 11,400 items.

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Box 49

Folders 1-15 Roosevelt African Expedition, correspondence, March 1909-1916. The post-1910 material largely discusses the work of preparing and mounting specimens, and of publishing reports.

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Folder 16 Roosevelt African Expedition, photographs

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Folder 17 Roosevelt African Expedition, miscellaneous

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Folder 18 Roosevelt Memorial Association, 1919-1924

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Box 50

Folder 1 Rosa, E. B. - Rose, J. N.

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Folder 2 Rosen, E. Von - Roth, Walter E.

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Folder 3 Rothschild, Walter - Rowan, B. M.

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Folder 4 Royal College of Sciences - Royal Society of London

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Folder 5 Ruby, C. E. - Russell, Henry N.

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Folder 6 Russian Academy of Sciences - Ryan, Clendenen J., Jr.

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Folder 7 Sacco, Federico - Russell Sage Foundation

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Folder 8 Sage, Mrs. Russell - Saint Chamas, Albert de

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Folder 9 Saint Gaudens, Augustus - Saint Xavier's College Observatory

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Folder 10 El Salvador, Republic of - Sands, Benjamin W.

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Folder 11 Sanford and Treadway - Sarton, George

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Folder 12 Savage, Leslie J. - Schern, Kurt

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Folder 13 Scherzer, W. H., Glaciers of the Canadian Rockies, 1906-1907

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Folder 14 Schmauss, A. - Schott, W. E.

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Folder 15 Schramm, Jacob R., 1924. Concerning his proposed appointment as Assistant Secretary

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Folder 16 Schreiner, George A., 1908. Proposing geological studies in Rhodesia

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Folder 17 Schroeder, Edward August - Schroers, Jack D.

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Folder 18 Schuchert, Charles, 1908-1923. Concerning geological topics

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Folder 19 Schueren, H., 1910

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Folder 20 Schultz, Alfred P. - Science Service

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Folder 21 Scientific American, 1918-1922

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Box 51

Folder 1 Scientific Monthly - Seery, Francis J.

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Folders 2-5 Seismological Institute, proposed, correspondence, 1907-1913. Concerning proposals to create a government agency to study seismic phenomena in the wake of the San Francisco earthquake.

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Folder 6 Selective Service System - Shaw, Napier

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Folder 7 Sheild, Marcellus C. - Shinn, Jesse F.

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Folder 8 Shipler, Florence - Simpson, T. J.

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Folder 9 Singer, Isidor - Smillie, Thomas William

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Folder 10 Smith, A. D. - Smith, Edith M.

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Folder 11 Smith, F. Carl - Smith, Harlan I.

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Folder 12 Smith, Isaac A. 1920-1921

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Folder 13 Smith, John Donnell - Smith, Walter I.

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Folder 14 Smithers, Joseph P. - Smulyan, M. T.

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Box 52

Folder 1 Snare & Triest Co. - Soldan, Luis F. P.

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Folder 2 Sollas, W. J. - Southern Printers Supply Co.

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Folder 3 Spalding, James A. - Springer Edward L.

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Folders 4-6 Springer, Frank, 1911-1924. An attorney and legislator in New Mexico, Springer also published research through the Smithsonian.

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Folder 7 Springfield Institution for Savers- Statler Hotel

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Folder 8 Stearns, Robert Edward Carter, 1911. Concerning posthumous publication of a bibliography of his works

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Folder 9 Stebbins, Joel - Steinmann, G.

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Folder 10 Stejneger, Leonhard, 1912-1922. Concerning his duties as head curator of the Department of Biology

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Folder 11 Stephens, J. R. - Stephenson, Isaac

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Folder 12 Sternberg, C. H. - Stetson, Harlan True

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Folder 13 Stevens, Angus P., 1918-1923

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Folder 14 Stevens, Elinor C. - Stodder, Frank W.

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Folder 15 Stoelting Co., C. H. - Submarines

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Folder 16 Sulgrave Institution, 1920-1922. The Institution was intended to promote Anglo-American relations.

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Box 53

Folder 1 Sulzer, William - Synthetic Aniline Chemicals Co.

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Folder 2 Taft, William Howard - Tassin, Wirt

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Folder 3 Tawney, James A. - Teller, Henry M.

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Folder 4 Telluride Association, 1915-1916

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Folder 5 Tennessee, University of - Thiman, Gunnar

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Folder 6 Thiselton-Dyer, W. T. - Thomson, Elihu

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Folder 7 Thorogood, B. K. - Todd, John B.

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Folder 8 Todd, N. M. - Towne, Edward C.

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Folder 9 Townsend, Charles H. T., 1907-1924

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Folder 10 Trammell, Park - Trinity College

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Folder 11 Trinity Community House drive, 1917-1919

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Folder 12 Trippe, Philip Francis - Troy Budget

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Folder 13 Tropical America, Institute for Research in, 1919-1922. Concerning the work of a predecessor of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

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Folder 14 True, Webster Prentiss, 1913-1923. Concerning his duties as editor for the Smithsonian

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Folder 15 Truman, O. H. - Turpain, Albert

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Folder 16 Turpin, Perry B. - Tyson, Hobart

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Box 54

Folder 1 Ubett, Oscar R. - Union Line

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Folder 2 Union Pacific System - Universal Culture Lyceum

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Folder 3 Universal Film - Smithsonian African Expedition, 1920. In 1919 the Universal Film Manufacturing Co. and the Smithsonian agreed to jointly support an expedition to Africa. The expedition reached Capetown, South Africa, in August 1919. Edmund Heller, who had accompanied Theodore Roosevelt to Africa in 1908, was in charge of the expedition. It seems that control was in dispute, and actual control was exercised by representatives of the film company, who were more interested in salable film subject matter than in scientific work. The Smithsonian was unhappy with the quality of the work performed and separated itself from the results of the expedition so far as it could.

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Folder 4 University Translators Bureau - Utley, M. H.

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Folder 5 Vail, J. C. - Van Orstrand, C. E.

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Folder 6 Van Rensselaer, Mrs. John King - Vaughan, G. W.

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Folder 7 Vaughan, T. Wayland, 1911-1924. Correspondence discussing his work in association with the Smithsonian, especially geological and paleontological studies in the Panama Canal Zone during 1912, and its publication.

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Folder 8 Vaux, George Jr. - Verge, Medora Ann

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Folder 9 Very, Frank W. - Victoria (Australia) Public Library and Museum

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Folder 10 Vienna Anthropology Society - Volta Bureau

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Folder 11 Von Niessel, G., 1916-1917

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Folder 12 Von Steuben statue - Voss, Mrs. M. W.

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Folder 13 Wade, Frank B. - Wait, Wesley

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Folder 14 Walcott, Charles D. and Mary Vaux, Research Fund, 1920-1922. A gift in trust created by Secretary and Mrs. Walcott to advance geological and paleontological research and publication at the Smithsonian.

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Folder 15 Walcott, Mary Vaux; Sidney S.; Helen B. 1912-1924. Correspondence with the wife and children of Secretary Walcott.

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Folder 16 Waldon, Sidney D., 1918. Concerning the early days of military aviation in the United States

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Folder 17 Wales, National Museum of - Walker, Thomas B.

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Folder 18 Wallis, A. H. - Walsh, Thomas J.

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Folder 19 Waltham Watch Co., 1917-1923. Concerning the purchase of scientific equipment

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Folder 20 Walton, Melville - Warner and Swazey

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Folder 21 Warner, Langdon, 1913-1921. Correspondence concerning Warner's scientific and art collecting in the Orient

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Folder 22 Warren, A. G. - Washburn, Owen R.

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Box 55

Folders 1-2 Washington Academy of Sciences, 1907-1922. Concerning its co-operation with the Smithsonian and its publications program

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Folder 3 Washington, Aero Club of - Watkins, Francis B.

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Folder 4 Watkins, John Elfreth, 1913-1917. Correspondence with Watkins during his career as a newsman and publicist. He later joined the National Museum staff and served for many years.

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Folder 5 Watson and Sons, William - Wells Fargo and Co.

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Folder 6 Welsh, Lilian - Werwinski, Ignatius K.

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Folder 7 Wesley, William and Son, 1908-1920. The British agent for distributing Smithsonian publications

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Folder 8 West, Clarence J. - Westland, A. B.

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Folder 9 Weston Electric Co., 1913-1923

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Folder 10 Weston, John B. - Weston, L. H.

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Folder 11 Wetmore, Alexander, Table of Body Temperatures of Birds, 1920-1921. Wetmore later joined the Smithsonian and became its Secretary. This is an earlier work published while he served in the U. S. Department of Agriculture.

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Folder 12 Wetmore, George P. - What Cheer Clay Products Co.

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Folder 13 Wheeler, Arthur O., Canadian Expedition, 1911. Concerns an expedition sponsored by the Alpine Club of Canada to Yellowhead Pass, Mt. Robson, and the Jasper Park areas of the Canadian Rockies

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Folder 14 Wheeler, E. B. - White, Ben T.

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Folder 15 White, Charles A., 1907-1910

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Folder 16 White, Charles E. - Wilkinson, Edith L.

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Folder 17 Willey, Mrs. J. M. - Williams and Wilkins Co.

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Box 56

Folder 1 Williams Photographic Process, 1907-1912

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Folder 2 Williamson, A. J. - Willige, J. Louis

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Folders 3-4 Willis, Bailey, 1907-1914, 1916-1917

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Folder 5 Willis, Frank B. - Winkhaus William

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Folder 6 Wirt, H. C. - Wood, Carolena M.

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Folder 7 Wood, Frank S. - Woods, Frank P.

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Folder 8 Worcester Polytechnic Institute - Wurzlow, E. C.

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Folders 9-11 Wyer, Samuel S., 1922-1925. Including some letters from Gifford Pinchot as Governor of Pennsylvania, addressed to "Dear Charley" (Walcott). This material concerns regulation of public utilities and includes publication.

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Folder 12 Wymore, M. I., 1909

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Folder 13 Yaeger, J. J. - Young, Fred E.

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Folder 14 Young, George M. - Young, James Carleton

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Folder 15 Young Men's Christian Association, 1908-1921

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Folder 16 Young, Robert H. - Youths' Companion

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Box 57

Folder 1 Zahm, Albert F., 1910-1917. Zahm was a mechanical engineer and an amateur aviator of note. A friend of S. P. Langley, he continued his association with the Institution after Langley died and was active in efforts to prepare American aviation as World War I drew near.

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Folder 2 Zalewski, Vincent - Zolinski, J. E.

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Folders 3-6 Zoological Nomenclature, International Commission on, 1907-1917, 1919-1923. Concerning the work of this commission, which endeavors to assure uniformity and accuracy in zoological nomenclature

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Series 2

SMITHSONIAN ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICES, 1894-1926.

Records in this series are related to the operation of the Institution in all its aspects. They are arranged hierarchically, alphabetically, and chronologically thereunder.

Box 57

Board of Regents

These records deal with routine administrative matters requiring attention of the Board: announcements of meetings, some Board minutes, replacement of members, and the like.

Folder 7 Choate, Charles F., Jr., 1908-1922

Box 57 of 112

Folder 8 Cullom, Senator Shelbey M., 1908-1911

Box 57 of 112

Folder 9 Delano, Frederic A., 1924

Box 57 of 112

Folder 10 Fairbanks, Charles W., Vice-President, 1913, 1919

Box 57 of 112

Folder 11 Gray, George, 1921

Box 57 of 112

Folder 12 Henderson, John B., 1907-1910

Box 57 of 112

Folder 13 Henderson, John B., Jr., 1912-1922

Box 57 of 112

Folder 14 Lodge, Senator Henry Cabot, Sr., 1908-1921

Box 57 of 112

Folder 15 Smoot, Senator Reed, 1911-1921

Box 57 of 112

Folder 16-17 Board Meetings and correspondence, 1907-1908

Box 57 of 112

Box 58

Folders 1-11 Regents, board meetings and correspondence, 1909-1914

Box 58 of 112

Box 59

Folders 1-14 Regents, board meetings and correspondence, 1915-1922

Box 59 of 112

Box 60

Folders 1-4 Regents, board meetings and correspondence, 1923-1924

Box 60 of 112

Office of the Secretary

Folders 5-14 Charles D. Walcott correspondence, 1907-1914

Box 60 of 112

Box 61

Folders 1-11 Walcott correspondence, 1915-March 1920

Box 61 of 112

Box 62

Folders 1-4 Walcott correspondence, April 1920-1924

Box 62 of 112

Folder 5 Walcott, Liberty Loan Committee, 1917-1919

Box 62 of 112

Folder 6 Walcott, League to Enforce Peace, 1916-1919. Concerning the work of a group that supported plans for a League of Nations after World War I had ended.

Box 62 of 112

Folders 7-8 Office of the Secretary: Assistant Secretary for the Library and Exchanges; Adler, Cyrus, 1907-1923. Cyrus Adler held this post until he left to become president of Dropsie College in 1908. He and Walcott kept up a correspondence in the years that followed.

Box 62 of 112

Folder 9 Abbot, Charles Greeley, as Assistant Secretary, 1918-1924. Abbot was appointed to this position in 1918.

Box 62 of 112

Folder 10 Assistant Secretary and Director, United States National Museum, possible candidates, 1914-1923. Between 1914 and 1923 the Smithsonian considered several candidates for this post. Abbot had been made an Assistant Secretary in 1918, and another appointment was evidently considered but never made.

Box 62 of 112

Folder 11 Chief Clerk, Harry W. Dorsey, 1907-1924

Box 62 of 112

Folders 12-17 Disbursing Agent, Washington Irving Adams, 1907-1924

Box 62 of 112

Folder 18 Disbursing Agent, Nicholas W. Dorsey, 1924

Box 62 of 112

Folder 19 Smithsonian endowment funds, 1908-1924

Box 62 of 112

Box 63

Office of the Secretary

Folder 1 William W. Karr embezzlement. Smithsonian Institution v. W. J. Penn et al., 128 Tenn. Chan. 569 (1907)

Box 63 of 112

Folder 2 Karr embezzlement, 1908

Box 63 of 112

Folders 3-6 Auditor's report, 1906-1924

Box 63 of 112

Folder 7 auditors' correspondence, 1906-1925

Box 63 of 112

Folders 8-11 Plan of operations, 1908-1911

Box 63 of 112

Box 64

Folders 1-11 Plan of operations, 1912-1922

Box 64 of 112

Box 65

Folders 1-3 Plan of operations, 1923-1925

Box 65 of 112

Folders 4-6 Annual Report, 1918-1924

Box 65 of 112

Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections

Beginning in 1907, an attempt was made to produce a cheap version of the Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections in which contributors' papers would be published more quickly than in the regular edition. Presumably the plan was meant to improve chances of a writer's priority and so attract more contributors of original articles. From the correspondence it is clear that this effort did not work well, though there is no indication of when it was abandoned.

Folders 7-8 Quarterly edition, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, 1907-1908

Box 65 of 112

Folders 9-14 Committee on printing and publications, reports and correspondence, 1907-1924. Concerning reports of the Smithsonian committee appointed to report on the quality of manuscripts submitted for publication.

Box 65 of 112

Box 66

Committee to Examine Business Methods

Secretary Walcott had served as chairman of the Board of Scientific Surveys and Commission on the Reorganization of the Scientific Work of the Government from 1903 to 1908 and was thus well aware of the interest in making government bureaus more efficient and economical. When he became Secretary in 1907, one of Walcott's first acts was to appoint a Committee to study the business methods of the Smithsonian. At the conclusion of its work the Committee issued a report recommending substantial changes in the Institution's procedures. This process was repeated in 1910 when Congress created the Commission on Economy and Efficiency in Government (q.v.), the Taft Commission, to carry out a similar evaluation throughout the federal government.

Folder 1 Minutes, 1907-1908

Box 66 of 112

Folders 2-3 Correspondence, reports, 1907-1909

Box 66 of 112

Folder 4 Method of paying freight charges, 1907-1908

Box 66 of 112

Langley Medal

In 1908 the Board of Regents decided to award a medal annually for especially meritorious investigations in aerodromics (now called aeronautics) and its application to aviation. Award of the medal became infrequent after a few years, and it is now awarded from time to time at the Regents' discretion.

Folder 5 General correspondence, 1908-1910

Box 66 of 112

Folder 6 Award to the Wright brothers, 1908-1910

Box 66 of 112

Folders 7-8 Langley Memorial Tablet, 1907-1911

Box 66 of 112

Folder 9 Langley Memorial Tablet, correspondence with J. D. Lyon, 1911-1922

Box 66 of 112

Langley Aerodrome

In 1914 the Smithsonian engaged Glenn H. Curtiss to repair and renovate the Langley aerodrome to determine if it could fly and, if so, to fly it. This Curtiss did, leading to an unhappy dispute with the Wright brothers over priority in building the first successful heavier-than-air craft.

Folders 10-12 Correspondence, 1908-1922. Includes blueprints, photographs

Box 66 of 112

Smithsonian Scientific Series

In 1923 the Smithsonian approached William T. DeVan and his associates with a plan to produce a series of popular scientific books to be marketed by DeVan for the Smithsonian's benefit. The set, called the Smithsonian Scientific Series, became quite popular and produced substantial revenues before its discontinuance in the 1940s. Record unit 45 chronicles only the bare beginning of the effort; record unit 46 contains most of the records.

Folders 13-14 Correspondence, 1923-1924

Box 66 of 112

Box 67

Office of the Secretary

Folder 1 Smithsonian publicity, 1907-1910

Box 67 of 112

Folder 2 Smithsonian, articles on the, 1907-1909

Box 67 of 112

Folders 3-5 Renovation of the castle Great Hall, Smithsonian Building, 1912-1915

Box 67 of 112

Folder 6 Fire protection, 1922-1924

Box 67 of 112

Folder 7 Washington City Post Office, 1914-1924

Box 67 of 112

Committee on Original Research at the Smithsonian

In 1922 the Secretary created a committee to review the state of scientific research at the Smithsonian. His aim was to consider how to improve the quality and scope of the Institution's research work, and to find more support for it as well. This effort may have been a precursor of the Conference on the Future of the Smithsonian held in 1926. It is more fully documented in record unit 46.

Folder 8 Correspondence, 1922

Box 67 of 112

Folder 9 List of art objects and paintings in the collection, 1910. An inventory compiled by Paul Brockett

Box 67 of 112

Folder 10 World War I relief activities

Box 67 of 112

Folder 11 Status of collections, 1907-1908. Concerning the utility of preserving the distinction between gifts made to the Institution proper and those made to the National Museum.

Box 67 of 112

Folder 12 Army surplus food supplies, 1916-1919

Box 67 of 112

Box 68

Office of the Secretary, Hodgkins Fund

The Hodgkins Fund was established by a gift from Thomas George Hodgkins, a reclusive English eccentric resident in the United States, for the study of the influence of the atmosphere on the well-being of humanity. The Smithsonian interpreted this charge with some freedom and used the income to support its research. The programs of the Astrophysical Observatory were often supported from this fund, although grants were also made to outside researchers. The following researchers received grants.

Folder 1 Abbe, Cleveland, "Mechanics of the Earth's Atmosphere," 1907-1910

Box 68 of 112

Folders 2-3 Abbot, Charles G., Argentine solar observations, 1915-1916

Box 68 of 112

Folders 4-6 Abbot, Charles G., Chilean solar observations, 1917-1924

Box 68 of 112

Folder 7 Ames, J. S., 1909-1910

Box 68 of 112

Folders 8-11 Angstrom, A. K., 1912-1916

Box 68 of 112

Folder 12 Bradley, W. P., 1909

Box 68 of 112

Folder 13 Brockett, Paul, "A Bibliography of Aeronautical Literature," 1907-1910

Box 68 of 112

Folder 14 Cottrell, Frederick Gardiner, 1914-1916. Concerning his research on controlling industrial air pollution (see also "Cottrell" and "Research Corporation" in this finding aid.)

Box 68 of 112

Box 69

Hodgkins Fund Grants: Chile Observation Station

From 1918 to 1925 the Smithsonian maintained a solar observing station at Calama, Chile, as part of Charles G. Abbot's efforts to carry out widespread observations of solar radiation. It was largely supported by the Hodgkins Fund. This material covers its establishment, staffing, and operation.

Folder 1 Chile, embassy of, correspondence, 1917-1925.

Box 69 of 112

Folder 2 Chile Exploration Co., 1918-1925

Box 69 of 112

Folder 3 Clayton, Henry Helm, 1918-1921

Box 69 of 112

Folder 4 Fowle, F. E., 1918

Box 69 of 112

Folder 5 Freeman, Hugh B., 1925-1926

Box 69 of 112

Folder 6 Grace & Co., W. H., 1917-1923

Box 69 of 112

Folder 7 Greeley, Frederick A., 1923

Box 69 of 112

Folder 8 Greeley, Paul, 1920-1923

Box 69 of 112

Folder 9 Correspondence with Regents, 1917-1918

Box 69 of 112

Folder 10 Wilson, George W., 1919-1920

Box 69 of 112

Folder 11 Government departments, correspondence, 1916-1925

Box 69 of 112

Folder 12 General correspondence, A-O

Box 69 of 112

Folder 13 General correspondence, P-Z

Box 69 of 112

Hodgkins Fund Grants: Harqua Hala Observatory

In 1920 Charles G. Abbot opened a solar observing station at Mount Harqua Hala near Wenden, Arizona. These records document its operation from 1920 to 1925.

Folder 14 Abbot, Charles Greeley, 1919-1924

Box 69 of 112

Folder 15 Aldrich, Loyal B., 1920-1923

Box 69 of 112

Folder 16 Freeman, Hugh B., 1924-1925

Box 69 of 112

Folder 17 Greeley, Fred, 1920-1923

Box 69 of 112

Folder 18 Greeley, Paul, 1923-1924

Box 69 of 112

Box 70

Folder 1 Hodgkins Fund grants: Harqua Hala Observatory, Harrington, E. C. 1921

Box 70 of 112

Folder 2 Hoover, W. H., 1923

Box 70 of 112

Folder 3 Matteson, J. E., 1921-1923

Box 70 of 112

Folders 4-9 Moore, Alfred F., 1921-1924

Box 70 of 112

Folder 10 United States government departments, 1920-1923

Box 70 of 112

Folder 11 General correspondence, 1916-1925

Box 70 of 112

The following records deal with specific grants made under the Hodgkins Fund.

Folder 12 Larsen, Alexander, 1907-1909. Concerning photographic studies of lightning

Box 70 of 112

Box 71

Folders 1-2 Larsen, Alexander, 1910-1913. Concerning photographic studies of lightning; includes photographs.

Box 71 of 112

Folder 3 Leighton, L. M. "Rainwater Absorption of Soluble and Insoluble Components of the Air," 1909-1910

Box 71 of 112

Folder 4 McAdie, Alexander, "A Study of the Sea Breeze," 1917

Box 71 of 112

Folders 5-8 Manly, Charles Matthews, part II of S. P. Langley's Memoir on Mechanical Flight, 1907-1917

Box 71 of 112

Folders 9-12 Mount Whitney station, 1908-1913

Box 71 of 112

Folders 13-14 Mount Wilson solar observatory, 1909-1913, 1920-1923

Box 71 of 112

Box 72

Hodgkins Fund grants

Folder 1 Nichols, E. L., "Experiments on the Properties of Matter at the Temperature of Liquid Air," 1907-1917

Box 72 of 112

Folders 2-3 Ritter, Wolfgang, "The Flying Apparatus of the Blowfly," 1907-1911

Box 72 of 112

Folder 4 Rotch, Abbott Lawrence, balloon experiments in the isothermal layer, 1907-1908

Box 72 of 112

Folder 5 Wetmore, Alexander, studies of bird temperatures, 1919

Box 72 of 112

Folder 6 Whitehead, John B., research on the electric strength of air, 1910

Box 72 of 112

Folder 7 Correspondence with Williams and Wilkins, printers, 1907-1909

Box 72 of 112

Box 73

In conjunction with an international congress on tuberculosis held at Washington in 1908, the Smithsonian offered the Hodgkins Tuberculosis Essay Prize from the Hodgkins Fund for the best essays on the relationship between atmospheric air and tuberculosis. These records, though incomplete, document that effort.

Folder 1 Administrative correspondence, William deC. Ravenel, 1908

Box 73 of 112

Folders 2-4 Administrative correspondence, February 1908-1913

Box 73 of 112

Folder 5 Conference programs, 1908

Box 73 of 112

Folder 6 Dr. Samuel Bernheim, "Contribution a l'Etude des relations des microbes de l'Air avec les Maladies tansmissibles et particulierement la Tuberculose Sterilisation de l'Air," n.d.

Box 73 of 112

Folder 7 Dr. Isaac Heysinger, "The Atmosphere of the Earth, and the Atmospheres of the other Planets, of the Sun, the Stars and other Bodies of Space; Their Origin, Composition, Functions and Permanent Maintenance, as related to the Source and Mode of All Solar Energy Throughout the Universe," 1894

Box 73 of 112

Folders 8-10 Prize correspondence, Abeling-Ellingwood

Box 73 of 112

Box 74

Folders 1-15 Hodgkins Tuberculosis Essay Prize corresondence, Esmorin-Woods

Box 74 of 112

Box 75

Astrophysical Observatory

The Astrophysical Observatory had been established by Samuel P. Langley in 1891 to carry out studies in the "new astronomy. " Charles G. Abbot served as Langley's chief aide and succeeded him as director of the SAO at Langley's death in 1906. Abbot had early become interested in topics related to solar radiation, such as determining the solar constant. These records chiefly deal with a search for sites from which to prosecute that research, and with the research actually undertaken.

Folders 1-4 Director's reports and correspondence with the Secretary, 1907-1917

Box 75 of 112

Folder 5 Charles Greeley Abbot and a projected station in Mexico, 1910-1911

Box 75 of 112

Folder 6-7 Abbot's solar eclipse expedition to Algeria, 1911-1912

Box 75 of 112

Box 76

Folder 1 Flint Island, eclipse of the sun, 1907-1908

Box 76 of 112

Folders 2-3 Instruments, 1908-1922

Box 76 of 112

Folder 4 Storage battery, 1908-1909

Box 76 of 112

Folder 5 Funding proposal to Carnegie Corporation, 1920

Box 76 of 112

Folder 6 Pyrheliometer studies at Mt. Wilson, California, and Omaha, Nebraska, 1914-1915

Box 76 of 112

Folder 7 Aldrich, Loyal B., 1910-1924

Box 76 of 112

Hamilton Lectures

In 1871 James Hamilton of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, bequeathed $1,000.00 to the Smithsonian for the support of lectures, a medal, or other means of advancing scientific or useful studies. Income from this fund was added to the principal until it had doubled. Then the Institution used it to support a number of lectures, given irregularly, for a period of years.

Folder 8 White, Andrew D., 1905, "The Diplomatic Service of the United States, with Some Hints Toward Its Reform"

Box 76 of 112

Folder 9 Hale, George Ellery, 1907-1908, "Some Recent Contributions to Our Knowledge of the Sun"

Box 76 of 112

Folder 10 Roosevelt, Theodore, 1915 (declined)

Box 76 of 112

Folder 11 Jefferson, Charles Edward, "The Old Order and the New", 1920

Box 76 of 112

Folder 12 Hoover, Herbert, and others, 1920 (declined)

Box 76 of 112

Folder 13 Hedin, Sven, untitled lecture on Tibetan manuscripts

Box 76 of 112

Folders 14-15 Correspondence, 1909-1920

Box 76 of 112

Box 77

Bureau of American Ethnology

The Bureau of American Ethnology was created in 1879, when the Smithsonian was given charge of anthropological surveys and research formerly carried out under the Department of the Interior. These records document the Bureau's work and refer to a controversy between Secretary Charles D. Walcott and W. J. McGee and Franz Boas.

Folders 1-2 Ethnologist-in-charge, Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1910

Box 77 of 112

Folder 3 General correspondence, 1906-1914

Box 77 of 112

Folder 4 Boas, Franz and Mcgee, William John, controversy with, 1909-1910. Concerning problems about the administration of BAE funds

Box 77 of 112

United States National Museum

The records of the United States National Museum in record unit 45 are a small part of the records present in the Archives. Users are referred to separate record units described in the Guide to the Smithsonian Archives for more complete information. These records document administrative detail in the Museum and demonstrate the close working relationship that seems to have existed among Secretary Walcott; Richard Rathbun, assistant secretary in charge of the USNM; and Frederick W. True, assistant secretary in charge of the Library and Exchanges. This material concerns the routine operations of the Museum.

Folders 5-13 Rathbun, Richard, 1907-1918

Box 77 of 112

Folders 14-17 True, Frederick William, 1907-1913

Box 77 of 112

Box 78

Folder 1-3 United States National Museum: True, Frederick William, 1916

Box 78 of 112

William deC. Ravenel was appointed administrative assistant in charge of the National Museum in 1902 and served in that capacity throughout the period covered by these records, which concern routine office duties.

Folders 4-14 Correspondence, 1907, 1909-1924

Box 78 of 112

National Gallery of Art

A gallery of art within the Smithsonian Institution was authorized by the organic act of 1846. Nothing significant was done in this area until 1906, when a decision of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia held that the Institution could accept a bequest from Harriet Lane Johnston of her art collection, which became the nucleus of the present-day Smithsonian American Art Museum. (See entries under this heading in the Archives' Guide.) These records document the establishment of the Gallery, including some case records of D. K. Este Fisher et al. v. Harriet Lane Home for Invalid Children of Baltimore et al. They are largely concerned with efforts to use the occasion of the Johnston and the Charles L. Freer gifts (described elsewhere in this finding aid) as a means of gaining a federal appropriation for an art gallery building.

Folder 15 Fisher et al. v. Harriet Lane Home et al., 1895-1905 Briefs, motions, supporting evidence for the case

Box 78 of 112

Folder 16 Proposed plan for location of a National Gallery of Art, N.D.

Box 78 of 112

Folders 17-18 Correspondence, 1907-1908

Box 78 of 112

Box 79

Folders 1-8 National Gallery of Art, correspondence, May 1908-1924

Box 79 of 112

Folder 9 Fund drive to produce architectural plans for a National Gallery, 1923-1924

Box 79 of 112
Box 79 of 112

Folder 11 National Gallery of Art Commission, minutes, 1921-1924

Box 79 of 112

Folders 12-13 National Gallery of Art Commission, correspondence, 1920-1924

Box 79 of 112

Folder 14 Ward African Collection, 1922

Box 79 of 112

Box 80

Freer Gallery of Art

Charles Lang Freer, a founder of Parke-Davis Co. and a renowned connoisseur of oriental art, first offered his art collection, a sum to build a building for it, and additional funds as an endowment, in 1906. The Institution was, for reasons never very clear, at first disinclined to accept it. However, after a virtual command from President Theodore Roosevelt to do so, the Regents approved Freer's offer. These records deal with the original reluctance to accept the gift; settlement of the estate on Freer's death in 1919; diversification of the endowment from Parke-Davis stock; construction of the building; and selection of a director and curatorial staff.

Folder 1 Freer Gallery of Art, Alger, George W., correspondence, 1910-1916. Alger was one of Freer's assistants at his Detroit office.

Box 80 of 112

Folder 2 Bishop, Carl W., correspondence, 1921-1924. Bishop was an associate curator at the Freer and led a collecting expedition to China in 1923 in collaboration with the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Box 80 of 112

Folders 3-5 Detroit Trust Co., correspondence, 1919-1924. The Trust Company was a co-executor of the Freer will.

Box 80 of 112

Folders 6-9 Freer, Charles Lang, correspondence, 1904-1914. Freer's correspondence documents his plans for his gallery, with which he remained intimately associated until his death in 1919.

Box 80 of 112

Box 81

Folders 1-3 Freer Gallery of Art, Freer correspondence, 1915-1920, including a few letters between Walcott and Freer's brother, Watson.

Box 81 of 112

Folder 4 Fuller Co., George A., correspondence, 1916-1921

Box 81 of 112

Folder 5 Guest, Grace D., correspondence, 1922-1924. Guest was an assistant curator at the Freer during this period.

Box 81 of 112

Folders 6-7 Hecker, Frank J., correspondence, 1911, 1919-1924. Hecker was one of the co-executors of the Freer will, and this material all relates to the administration of the estate.

Box 81 of 112

Folder 8 Hwang Chung Huei, correspondence, 1915-1923. Concerning disputed ownership of an ancient Chinese musical instrument

Box 81 of 112

Folder 9 Kelsey, Francis W., correspondence, 1920-1923. Concerning the publication of certain Syriac New Testament manuscripts purchased by Freer

Box 81 of 112

Folder 10 Lodge, John E., correspondence, 1919-1924. Correspondence with Lodge about organizing the Freer and, after his appointment, his administration of it as director.

Box 81 of 112

Folder 11 Lodge, John E., correspondence, 1920

Box 81 of 112

Folders 12-13 Platt, Charles A., correspondence, 1913-1917. Discussing plans for designing and building of the Freer Gallery; includes a drawing.

Box 81 of 112

Box 82

Folders 1-7 Freer Gallery of Art, Platt, Charles A., correspondence, 1917-1921, 1923-1924

Box 82 of 112

Folders 8-10 Rathbun, Richard, correspondence, 1906-1918. Rathbun was assistant secretary in charge of the United States National Museum and helped plan for the new Freer Gallery building. He was heavily involved in all aspects of planning until his death in 1918, when he was replaced by William deC. Ravenel (q.v.).

Box 82 of 112

Box 83

Folders 1-2 Freer Gallery of Art, Ravenel, William deC., correspondence, 1912-1921. Ravenel, Administrative Assistant for the National Museum, was much involved in preparation of the Freer Gallery.

Box 83 of 112

Folder 3 Roosevelt, Theodore, correspondence, 1905-1906. Including a letter of December 19, 1905, urging acceptance of the gift.

Box 83 of 112

Folders 4-5 Regents' correspondence, A-Z

Box 83 of 112

Folders 6-9 Rhoades, Katharine N., correspondence, 1919-1924. Rhoades was a long-time assistant and factotum to Freer and continued her association with the Gallery when it was established. These records document her role in the early days of the enterprise.

Box 83 of 112

Folder 10 Thayer, Gerald H., correspondence, 1919-1924. Concerning Thayer's self-portrait commissioned by Freer shortly before his death, and delivered to the Freer Gallery in 1921 after Thayer's own death.

Box 83 of 112

Folder 11 Union Trust Co., correspondence, 1904-1924

Box 83 of 112

Folders 12-14 Walcott, Charles D., correspondence, 1909-1916. Walcott inherited the Freer project from Secretary Langley and brought it to completion. This correspondence illustrates his efforts to develop a good working relationship with Freer, who in fact notably enlarged the scope of the gift, both in terms for the collection and in funds to construct the gallery, before his death.

Box 83 of 112

Box 84

Folders 1-3 Freer Gallery of Art, Walcott, Charles D., correspondence, 1917-1923

Box 84 of 112

Folders 4-16 General alphabetic correspondence file

Box 84 of 112

Folder 17 Federal income tax, remission of, 1916-1925. Concerning plans to relieve Freer's inter vivos and, later, testamentary gifts, from federal income tax.

Box 84 of 112

Folder 18 Loan to close Freer estate, 1921-1922. Discusses the means used to pay Michigan estate taxes, close the estate, discharge its executors, and complete delivery of the gift to the Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.

Box 84 of 112

Box 85

Folder 1 Freer Gallery of Art, Parke-Davis stock transactions, 1919-1923

Box 85 of 112

Folder 2 Gallery opening, 1922-1923. Plans for celebrating the gallery's formal opening.

Box 85 of 112

Folder 3 Gallery opening. Invitation lists used.

Box 85 of 112

Folders 4-6 Inventory of Freer gift

Box 85 of 112

Folder 7 Plans of proposed Freer Gallery (oversize, removed to Box 107)

Box 85 of 112

Box 86

Folder 1 Freer Gallery of Art, abstracts of documents and correspondence about the building, 1905-1917

Box 86 of 112

Folder 2 Abstracts of architect's payment certificates, 1916-1921

Box 86 of 112

Folders 3-5 Construction photographs, 1916, 1918

Box 86 of 112

Folder 6 Construction company change orders, circa 1917

Box 86 of 112

Folder 7 News clippings, offer and acceptance of the gift, 1904-1905

Box 86 of 112

Folder 8 News clippings: first limited exhibit, 1912; Freer Gallery opening, 1919

Box 86 of 112

Box 87

National Zoological Park

The National Zoological Park was created by an act of Congress in 1889. See record unit 74 for a full account of its origin and growth.

Folders 1-4 Dr. Frank Baker, Superintendent, 1914-1916. These records deal with park administration and also document the decision to replace Baker in 1916.

Box 87 of 112

Folder 5 Ned Hollister, Superintendent, 1912-1924. Concerning in particular his superintendency from 1916 to 1924

Box 87 of 112

Folder 6 Ned Hollister, superintendent, miscellaneous receipts, 1920-1924

Box 87 of 112

Folder 7 Alexander Wetmore, Superintendent, 1924. Wetmore succeeded Hollister on the latter's sudden death in 1924.

Box 87 of 112

Folders 8-10 F. W. True files on the Park, 1912-1914. Concerning construction and improvements

Box 87 of 112

Folders 11-12 Land acquisition, 1907-1920

Box 87 of 112

Folder 13 Hannah Jackson v. Frank Baker, Superintendent of the National Zoological Park, 1908

Box 87 of 112

Folder 14 Frank Baker, The National Zoological Park and its Inhabitants, 1915

Box 87 of 112

Folders 15-18 general correspondence, 1907-1910

Box 87 of 112

Box 88

Folders 1-5 National Zoological Park, general correspondence, 1911-1924

Box 88 of 112

Folder 6 Guide books, 1921-1924

Box 88 of 112

Folder 7 Boundary changes, 1923-1925

Box 88 of 112

Folder 8 D.C. Board of Commissioners, 1914-1924

Box 88 of 112

Series 3

RECORDS RELATED TO CABINET DEPARTMENTS AND OTHER GOVERNMENT OFFICES, 1902-1926.

Here follow records of Smithsonian dealings with the Executive Office of the President, then with cabinet offices, and with other government agencies. Topics deal with matters affecting routine administration such as communicating presidential proclamations, releasing employees early on summer Saturdays, approving released time for attendance at encampments and parades of the Grand Army of the Republic, and the like. The records are arranged by office, and alphabetically thereunder.

Box 88

President of the United States

Folder 9 Roosevelt, Theodore, 1902-1906

Box 88 of 112

Folder 10 Roosevelt, Theodore, 1907-1908

Box 88 of 112

Folders 11-13 Taft, William Howard, 1909-1913

Box 88 of 112

Folders 14-17 Wilson, Woodrow, 1913-1921. Includes a 1913 reference to Langdon Warner's trip to China (q.v.)

Box 88 of 112

Folder 18 Harding, Warren G., 1921-1923

Box 88 of 112

Folder 19 Coolidge, Calvin, 1923-1924

Box 88 of 112

Box 89

Congress created the Commission on Economy and Efficiency in Government, the so-called Taft Commission, in 1910 to study the business methods of government offices. The Smithsonian had already carried out a similar study of its own--see the Committee to Examine Business Methods in this record unit--but was also included in the 1910 study. Related material can be found in the Smithsonian records at the National Archives (RG 5).

Folders 1-5 Executive Office of the President: Taft Commission on Economy and Efficiency in Government, 1910-1913

Box 89 of 112

Bureau of the Budget

Folders 6-7 Apportionments and obligations, 1921-1922

Box 89 of 112

Box 90

Folders 1-2 Bureau of the Budget: apportionments and obligations, 1922-1924

Box 90 of 112

Folder 3 Disbursements, 1921-1922

Box 90 of 112

Folder 4 Expenditures, 1922-1923

Box 90 of 112

Folder 5 Expenditure classification, 1922-1923

Box 90 of 112

Folder 6 Expenditure estimates, FY 1925 and 1926

Box 90 of 112

Folder 7 Supplemental deficiency estimates, 1922

Box 90 of 112

Folder 8 Bonuses for fiscal years 1923-1924

Box 90 of 112

Folder 9-10 Chief Co-ordinator for General Supply, 1921-1922, 1924

Box 90 of 112

Folder 11 Interdepartmental Board of Contracts & Adjustments, 1921-1924

Box 90 of 112

Folders 12-13 Director of the Budget Bureau, 1922-1924

Box 90 of 112

Folders 14-15 Federal Traffic Board, 1921-1924

Box 90 of 112

Box 91

Folders 1-3 Telephone service, 1921-1924

Box 91 of 112

Folder 4 Meetings of heads of executive departments 1921-1923

Box 91 of 112

Department of Agriculture

Folder 5 Bureau of Animal Industry, 1913-1924

Box 91 of 112

Folder 6 Biological Survey, 1908-1922

Box 91 of 112

Folder 7 Bureau of Chemistry, 1909-1914

Box 91 of 112

Folder 8 Bureau of Entomology, 1907-1917

Box 91 of 112

Folder 9 Experiment Stations Office, 1907-1910

Box 91 of 112

Folder 10 Chief Clerk, 1912-1922

Box 91 of 112

Folder 11 Forest Service, 1907-1924

Box 91 of 112

Folder 12 Library, 1910-1924

Box 91 of 112

Folder 13 Bureau of Plant Industry, 1910-1926

Box 91 of 112

Folder 14 Bureau of Public Roads, 1911-1916

Box 91 of 112

Folder 15 Secretary's Office, 1909-1923

Box 91 of 112

Folder 16 Soils Division, 1912-1913

Box 91 of 112

Folders 17-19 Weather Bureau, 1907-1924

Box 91 of 112

Box 92

Department of Commerce

Folder 1 Bureau of the Census, 1906-1923

Box 92 of 112

Folder 2 Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1910-1924

Box 92 of 112

Folder 3 Bureau of Fisheries, 1907-1924

Box 92 of 112

Folder 4 Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce 1916-1923

Box 92 of 112

Folder 5 Light House Board, 1908-1909

Box 92 of 112

Folder 6 Secretary's Office, 1908-1926

Box 92 of 112

Folders 7-8 Bureau of Standards, 1908-1924

Box 92 of 112

Department of the Interior

Folder 9 Office of the Chief Clerk, 1910-1920

Box 92 of 112

Folders 10-13 Bureau of Education, 1907-1924

Box 92 of 112

Folder 14 General Land Office, 1911-1920

Box 92 of 112

Folders 15-16 Geographic Board, United States, 1910-1918

Box 92 of 112

Box 93

Folders 1-4 Geological Survey, 1907-1908, 1910-1924

Box 93 of 112

Folders 5-8 Office of Indian Affairs, 1904-1924

Box 93 of 112

Folder 9 Interdepartmental Patents Board, 1922

Box 93 of 112

Folder 10 Interdepartmental Transportation Committee, 1915-1922

Box 93 of 112

Folder 11 Bureau of Mines, 1913-1920

Box 93 of 112

Folder 12 National Park Service, 1915-1924

Box 93 of 112

Folder 13 Pension Bureau, 1924

Box 93 of 112

Folder 14 Publications Clerk, 1911-1914

Box 93 of 112

Folder 15 Reclamation Service, 1908-1917

Box 93 of 112

Folders 16-19 Office of the Secretary, 1908-1913, 1915-1924

Box 93 of 112

Box 94

Department of Justice

Folder 1 Attorney General, 1907-1924

Box 94 of 112

Folder 2 Legal opinions, 1918-1924

Box 94 of 112

Department of Labor

Folder 3 Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1918-1922

Box 94 of 112

Folder 4 Immigration Service, 1908-1924

Box 94 of 112

Folder 5 Office of the Secretary, 1914-1918

Box 94 of 112

National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

In 1913 Secretary Walcott proposed to reopen the aeronautical laboratory which the Smithsonian had operated during the tenure of his predecessor, Samuel P. Langley, and which had been closed by his death in 1906. An advisory panel was created and held its first meeting in May 1913. The Smithsonian planned to operate the Laboratory in conjunction with interested civilian and military departments of the government, as well as private persons and firms, on a cost-recoverable basis. A committee composed of Smithsonian, governmental, and private representatives was set up to direct the laboratory. The laboratory did manage to oversee the retesting of the Langley aerodrome by Glenn H. Curtiss in 1915, a matter of some controversy at the time. As war broke out in Europe, however, concern for the state of American aeronautics led to the creation of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in 1915 by act of Congress. It included most of the members of the older committee but added numerous others as well. The newer body was more concerned with practical issues of the time, especially so once America entered World War I. The records of the original Smithsonian group are included with those of NACA in the interest of completeness, and because it does seem to have been the parent of the later body. NACA dealt with the issues of industrial readiness; education in aeronautics; production of aircraft for the war effort; and related policy issues in the aeronautical field. The first committee members were Brig. Gen. George P. Scriven, H. C. Richardson, Joseph S. Ames, Captain M. L. Bristol, Michael I. Pupin, Lt. Col. Samuel Reber, S. W. Stratton, and Charles D. Walcott.

Folders 6-14 Executive committee minutes, 1915-1924

Box 94 of 112

Folder 15 Minutes of annual and semiannual meetings, 1915-1924

Box 94 of 112

Folder 16 Subcommittees, 1917-1921

Box 94 of 112

Folder 17 Documentary history, ca. 1915

Box 94 of 112

Box 95

Folders 1-4 NACA, appropriations and expenditures, 1916-1924

Box 95 of 112

Folders 5-14 Correspondence, June 1913-1917

Box 95 of 112

Box 96

Folders 1-7 NACA, correspondence, 1918-1924

Box 96 of 112

Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory

For an explanation of the Laboratory's origins, see the note on the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics, box 94. The original members of the Laboratory board were Captain W. I. Chambers, Glenn H. Curtiss, John Hays Hammond, Jr., W. J. Humphreys, H. C. Richardson, Major Edgar Russell, Brig. Gen. George Scriven, S. W. Stratton, Charles D. Walcott, Albert F. Zahm, and Orville Wright.

Folder 8 Advisory committee minutes, 1913

Box 96 of 112

Folder 9 Committee reports, 1913

Box 96 of 112

Folder 10 Committee reports, "Aerodromics" v. "Aeronautics" 1913

Box 96 of 112

Folder 11 Miscellaneous papers, 1913-1915

Box 96 of 112

Box 97

Folders 1-16 Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory, A - T, 1913-1916

Box 97 of 112

Box 98

Folders 1-4 Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory, U - Z, 1913-1915

Box 98 of 112

Folder 5 Zahm, A. F., 1913-1915

Box 98 of 112

Department of the Navy

Folder 6 Hydrographic Office, 1918-1924

Box 98 of 112

Folders 7-8 Naval Observatory, 1903-1924

Box 98 of 112

Folder 9 Office of the Secretary, 1917-1924

Box 98 of 112

Folder 10 Washington Navy Yard, 1908, 1918-1924

Box 98 of 112

Post Office Department

Folder 11 Post Office Department, Chief Clerk, 1911-1921

Box 98 of 112

Folder 12 Mail bag repair shop, 1907-1917

Box 98 of 112

Folders 13-15 Postmaster General, 1907-1916, 1918-1923

Box 98 of 112

Folders 16-17 Purchasing Agent, 1907-1924

Box 98 of 112

Box 99

State Department

Folder 1 Consular Service, 1918-1923

Box 99 of 112

Folders 2-6 Correspondence, 1907-1922

Box 99 of 112

Folder 7 Office of the Secretary, 1919-1924

Box 99 of 112

Department of the Treasury

Folder 8 Auditor for State and other Departments, 1907-1921

Box 99 of 112

Folder 9 Bookkeeping and Warrants Division, 1919-1921

Box 99 of 112

Folders 10-11 Comptroller of the Treasury, 1907-1922

Box 99 of 112

Box 100

Folder 1 Treasury Department, J. E. Maulding report on Smithsonian financial accountability, 1919-1924

Box 100 of 112

Folder 2 Disbursing account acknowledgments, 1907-1913

Box 100 of 112

Folder 3 Internal Revenue, Commissioner, 1918-1921

Box 100 of 112

Folder 4 Mint, Bureau of the, 1909-1924

Box 100 of 112

Folder 5 Printing and Engraving, Bureau of, 1909-1924

Box 100 of 112

Folders 6-7 Public Health Service, United States, 1907-1924

Box 100 of 112

Folder 8 Receipts and expenditures, 1907-1914

Box 100 of 112

Folder 9 Retirement system, Smithsonian, 1920-1924

Box 100 of 112

Folder 10 Savings Division, 1921-1922

Box 100 of 112

Folders 11-12 Office of the Secretary, 1907-1912

Box 100 of 112

Box 101

Folders 1-2 Treasury Department, Office of the Secretary, 1913-1924

Box 101 of 112

Folder 3 Personnel Classification Board, 1923-1924

Box 101 of 112

Folder 4 Veterans Bureau, 1922

Box 101 of 112

War Department

Folder 5 Adjutant General's Office, 1909-1924

Box 101 of 112

Folder 6 Air Service, 1917-1923

Box 101 of 112

Folder 7 Chief Clerk, 1915, 1918

Box 101 of 112

Folder 8 Chief of Engineers Office, 1917-1920

Box 101 of 112

Folder 9 Chief of Staff, 1915-1916

Box 101 of 112

Folder 10 Miscellaneous bureaus, 1908-1922

Box 101 of 112

Folder 11 Public Buildings and Grounds Office, 1907-1924

Box 101 of 112

Folder 12 Quartermaster General, 1911-1923

Box 101 of 112

Folder 13 Signal Officer, Office of Chief, 1908-1922

Box 101 of 112

Folder 14 Surgeon General, 1919

Box 101 of 112

Folder 15 Translation Section, 1915-1919

Box 101 of 112

Folders 16-17 Temporary building, 1917-1923

Box 101 of 112

Box 102

Congress of the United States

Here follow records of Smithsonian dealings with the various committees of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Researchers may also find it useful to consult records of the Regents (boxes 61-63 in this record unit and record unit 1), for more information on congressional Regents.

Senate

Folder 1 Appropriations Committee, 1920

Box 102 of 112

Folder 2 Civil Service Committee reclassification of employees, 1919-1923

Box 102 of 112

Folder 3 Finance Committee, 1910-1918

Box 102 of 112

Folder 4 Indian Affairs Committee, 1916

Box 102 of 112

Folder 5 Standards, Weights, and Measures Committee, 1914-1920

Box 102 of 112

Folders 6-8 Document Room, 1907-1922

Box 102 of 112

Folder 9 Privileges of the floor, 1921

Box 102 of 112

Folder 10 Secretary of the Senate, 1908-1924

Box 102 of 112

House of Representatives

Folder 11 Accounts Committee, 1920

Box 102 of 112

Folders 12-13 Appropriations Committee, 1907-1924

Box 102 of 112

Folder 14 Claims, Committee on, 1921

Box 102 of 112

Folder 15 Clerk's Office, 1916-1924

Box 102 of 112

Folder 16 District of Columbia Committee, 1908-1920

Box 102 of 112

Folders 17-18 Other committees of the House, 1908-1912

Box 102 of 112

Box 103

Folders 1-2 Other committees of the House, 1913-1917

Box 103 of 112

Folder 3 Typewriter statements, 1914-1924

Box 103 of 112

Folder 4 Document Room, 1918-1924

Box 103 of 112

Folder 5 Travel statements, 1917-1924

Box 103 of 112

Folder 6 Library Committee, 1922-1923

Box 103 of 112

Folder 7 Publications statements, 1920-1924

Box 103 of 112

Folder 8 Speaker, 1918-1921

Box 103 of 112

Joint Congressional Committees

Folders 9-11 Joint Committee on Printing, 1907-1924

Box 103 of 112

Folder 12 Printing Investigation Committee, 1911-1914

Box 103 of 112

Box 104

Folders 1-3 Joint Committee on Reclassification of Salaries, 1919-1920

Box 104 of 112

Other Federal Offices

Folder 4 Federal Trade Commission, 1918

Box 104 of 112

Folder 5 Government Accounting Office, 1916-1924

Box 104 of 112

Government Printing Office

Folders 6-9 Public Printer, allotments, 1913-1917

Box 104 of 112

Folder 10 Public Printer, American Historical Association, 1907-1925

Box 104 of 112

Folders 11-12 Public Printer, statements of appropriations 1918-1922

Box 104 of 112

Folder 13 Public Printer, Astrophysical Observatory, 1914-1922

Box 104 of 112

Folder 14 Public Printer, Congressional Directory, 1921-1923

Box 104 of 112

Folder 15 Public Printer, National Gallery of Art, plates used in publications, 1920-1924

Box 104 of 112

Folders 16-17 Public Printer, plates used in Smithsonian publications, 1907-1919

Box 104 of 112

Box 105

Folders 1-3 Requisitions on the Public Printer, 1908-1924

Box 105 of 112

Folders 4-9 Requisitions on the Public Printer Ethnology, 1907-1914, 1916-1917

Box 105 of 112

Folders 10-11 Public Printer, Secretary's annual reports, 1906-1921

Box 105 of 112

Box 106

Folder 1 Public Printer, Secretary's annual reports, 1922-1924

Box 106 of 112

Folders 2-4 Public Printer, general correspondence, 1906-1907, 1910-1911, 1917-1922

Box 106 of 112

Folders 5-8 Superintendent of Documents, 1918-1924

Box 106 of 112

District of Columbia Government

The Smithsonian naturally had many dealings with the local government of the District of Columbia. They can best be traced under specific topics such as, for example, the operation of the National Zoological Park.

Folder 9 Assessor's Office, 1915

Box 106 of 112

Folder 10 Commissioners of the District of Columbia, 1909-1917

Box 106 of 112

Folder 11 General correspondence, A-C

Box 106 of 112

Folder 12 General correspondence, D-Z

Box 106 of 112

Box 107

Folder 1 (formerly in Box 1, Folder 4): Acerboni, C., 1910 - 4 Automotive drawings

Box 107 of 112

Folder 2 (formerly in Box 11, Folder 6): Cinchona Botanical Station, 1915-1923 - Indenture

Box 107 of 112

Folder 3 (formerly in Box 11, Folder 13): Claras, Georges - Schenkung & Wersugung

Box 107 of 112

Folder 4 (formerly in Box 25, Folder 13): George Washington Memorial Association, Printed Matter: Pamphlets, Brochures, Programs - Auditorium designs

Box 107 of 112

Folder 5 (formerly in Box 85, Folder 7): Freer Gallery of Art - Plans of Proposed Freer Gallery.

Box 107 of 112

Series 4

CARD INDEXES TO CORRESPONDENCE.

Boxes 108-112

Bound Volumes of Card Indexes

Boxes 108-112 of 112

Using the Archives' Collections

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