SIA RU000045, Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary, Records, 1890-1929
- Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary
- Records, 1890-1929
- Walcott, Mary Vaux
- Data Source:
- Smithsonian Institution Archives
- 1890, 1890-1929
- These records document the administration of the Smithsonian Institution during the tenure of Charles D. Walcott, its fourth Secretary, who served from 1907 to 1927.
- Of special interest is the Institution's entry into the field of the fine arts. While the National Gallery of Art (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) and the Freer Gallery of Art had their beginnings a few years before 1907, it is in these records that their development can be traced most completely. The Smithsonian continued to pursue a wide variety of other interests as well.
- Thus, the records deal with the following topics, among others: aviation; the American School of Archeology in China; the Carnegie Institution of Washington; the Cinchona Botanical Station, Jamaica; many international Congresses; numerous national and international expositions, especially the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego, 1912-1916, and the Panama-Pacific Exposition at San Francisco, 1914-1915; the George Washington Memorial Association; the Harriman-Alaska Series; the Kahn Foundation for Foreign Travel of American Teachers; the Koren Expedition to Siberia; the Langley-Wright aerodrome controversy; the Montezuma Solar Observatory at Calama, Chile; solar observations at Mount Harqua Hala, Arizona,and Mount Wilson, California; the Naples Zoological Station; the National Academy of Sciences; the National Research Council; publication of Mary Vaux Walcott's North American Wildflowers; the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone; the Alfred Duane Pell Collection; the Research Corporation; the Smithsonian-Roosevelt African Expedition; seismological studies; the Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Research Fund; the Smithsonian Scientific Series; grants from the Hodgkins Fund; the Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory; the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics; the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; and the Bureau of Biological Survey. The records include correspondence, minutes, announcements, publications, fiscal records, photographs, manuscripts, and news clippings.
- Museums--Administration, Paleontology, Aeronautics, Seismology
- Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940, Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927, Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906, Wright, Wilbur 1867-1912, Wright, Orville 1871-1948, Smithsonian Institution Administration, American School of Archaeology in China, United States Bureau of Biological Survey, Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1911-1912), Carnegie Institution of Washington, Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Research Fund, Cinchona Botanical Station (Jamaica), Freer Gallery of Art, George Washington Memorial Association, Hodgkins Fund, Kahn Foundation for the Foreign Travel of American Teachers, Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory, Naples Zoological Station, Alfred Duane Pell Collection, Research Corporation, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Mount Montezuma Station (Calama, Chile), Montezuma Solar Observatory (Calama, Chile), United States Dept. of Agriculture, Smithsonian American Art Museum, National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.), Mount Harqua Hala Station (Arizona), Mount Wilson Observatory, National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), National Research Council (U.S.), United States National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915 : San Francisco, Calif.), Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899), Koren Expedition to Siberia (1914), Panama-California Exposition (1915-1916 : San Diego, Calif.), Smithsonian-Roosevelt African Expedition (1909)
- Mixed archival materials, Collection descriptions
- Local Number:
- SIA RU000045
- Physical Description:
- 57.93 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (104 document boxes) (2 half document boxes) (1 12x17 box) (oversize materials)
Finding Aids to Official Records of the Smithsonian Institution Archives
Table of Contents
- Collection Overview
- Historical Note
- Descriptive Entry
- Index Terms
- Administrative Information
- Container List
- Series 1 - CORRESPONDENCE, 1890-1929. Arranged alphabetically and chronologically.
- Series 2 - SMITHSONIAN ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICES, 1894-1926.
- Series 3 - RECORDS RELATED TO CABINET DEPARTMENTS AND OTHER GOVERNMENT OFFICES, 1902-1926.
- Series 4 - CARD INDEXES TO CORRESPONDENCE.
Record Unit 45
Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary
|General Information About This Collection|
|Repository:||Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.|
|Creator:||Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary|
|Quantity:||14.6 linear meters.|
|Collection:||Record Unit 45|
|Language of Materials:||English|
These records document the administration of the Smithsonian Institution during the tenure of Charles D. Walcott, its fourth Secretary, who served from 1907 to 1927. This period gave a deceptive appearance of strength to the Institution's life. Walcott himself, perhaps the last of the nineteenth-century scientist-politicians to combine a distinguished scientific reputation and polished ease in the world of political Washington, lent the Institution considerable support from his wide experience and many friends among the powerful of the day. The Institution's staff also boasted an able corps of scientists and senior administrators. Several new programs were developed during these years--the National Gallery of Art (now the National Museum of American Art) and the Freer Gallery of Art, in particular. These two galleries gave the Smithsonian its first real grounding in fine arts and rounded out the vision of the Institution as a place hospitable to all fields of learning.
Yet with the benefit of hindsight, these accomplishments can be seen to have masked real weakness, described either as the Smithsonian's failure to adapt its perception of itself to the changing world or as a lack of money.
When the Smithsonian was created in 1846 the corpus of its endowment was somewhat more than $500,000.00. It had few rivals elsewhere in the country. However, with the growth of large-scale private philanthropy after the Civil War, the Smithsonian's means shrank steadily in comparison to the endowments of leading institutions like the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale or new entrants like Stanford and the University of Chicago. No doubt this situation developed in part because the Smithsonian had no real alumni. It received a few small gifts from well-to-do members of its own staff and one moderate gift from Thomas George Hodgkins, a naturalized English eccentric. For all else it relied on small appropriations from the federal government, for which it performed certain services such as curating the collections of the National Museum. Coupled with meager financial resources was the Regents' suspicion of new and nonscientific endeavors. It is likely, for instance, that the Regents would have refused Charles Lang Freer's gift of a gallery of oriental art in 1906, had Theodore Roosevelt not obliged them to accept it. In the same way, the gift of certain patents on electrostatic precipitators by Frederic G. Cottrell in 1911 was politely shunted onto other shoulders, leaving the Smithsonian a remote beneficiary of the income. The Smithsonian's aloofness was in sharp contrast to the willingness of other institutions to accept such gifts. How this attitude arose is not clear. Perhaps it was an unconscious extension of Joseph Henry's early determination to associate the Smithsonian's name only with "worthy" purposes. However that may be, the Smithsonian was very late in the field in trying to augment its endowment. Walcott had begun to plan a campaign to raise $10,000,000.00--documented in record unit 46--which collapsed with his untimely death in 1927. Thus the Institution was to enter the era of the Depression in very straitened circumstances.
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
This record unit documents the growth and management of the Smithsonian from 1890 to 1929. Of special interest is the Institution's entry into the field of the fine arts through the creation of the National Gallery of Art and the Freer Gallery of Art. The Smithsonian continued to pursue a wide variety of other interests as well. Thus, the records deal with the following topics, among others: aviation; the American School of Archaeology in China; the Carnegie Institution of Washington, D.C.; the Cinchona Botanical Station, Jamaica; many international congresses; numerous national and international expositions, especially the Panama-California Exposition, 1912-1916, and the Panama-Pacific Exposition at San Francisco, 1914-1915; the George Washington Memorial Association; the Harriman Alaska series; the Kahn Foundation for Foreign Travel of American Teachers; the Koren Expedition to Siberia; the Langley-Wright aerodrome controversy; the Montezuma solar observatory at Calama, Chile; solar observations at Mount Harqua Hala, Arizona, and Mount Wilson, California; the Naples Zoological Station; the National Academy of Sciences; the National Research Council; publication of Mary Vaux Walcott's North American Wildflowers; the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone; the Alfred Duane Pell Collection; the Research Corporation; the Roosevelt African Expedition; seismological studies; the Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Research Fund; the Smithsonian Scientific Series; grants from the Hodgkins Fund; the Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory; and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. The records include correspondence, minutes, announcements, publications, fiscal records, photographs, manuscripts, and news clippings.
This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.
- Aerodynamical Laboratory (Langley)
- Alfred Duane Pell Collection
- Alfred Duane Pell Collection
- American School of Archeology in China
- Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1911-1912)
- Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1911-1912)
- Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone (1911-1912)
- Botanical Station (Cinchona, Jamaica)
- Bureau of Biological Survey. Bird and Mammal Laboratories
- Bureau of Biological Survey. Bureau of Fisheries
- Carnegie Institution of Washington.
- Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Research Fund
- Cinchona Botanical Station (Jamaica)
- Daniel Giraud Elliot Fund. National Academy of Sciences
- Freer Gallery of Art.
- George Washington Memorial Association
- George Washington Memorial Association
- Harriman-Alaska Series
- Hodgkins Fund
- Kahn Foundation for Foreign Travel of American Teachers
- Koren Expedition to Siberia (1914)
- Koren Expedition to Siberia (1914)
- Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory
- Langley-Wright Controversy
- Montezuma Solar Observatory (Calama, Chile)
- Mount Montezuma Station (Calama, Chile)
- Naples Zoological Station
- National Academy of Sciences. Daniel Giraud Elliot Fund
- National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
- National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)
- National Research Council. Committee on Sedimentation
- National Research Council. Institute for Research in Tropical America
- National Research Council. Pacific Science Board
- Panama-California Exposition (San Diego : 1912-1916)
- Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915 : San Francisco, Calif.)
- Research Corporation
- Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
- Smithsonian Institution -- Administration.
- Smithsonian Scientific Series
- Smithsonian-Roosevelt African Expedition (1909)
- United States. Bureau of Biological Survey.
- United States. Bureau of Biological Survey.
- United States. Bureau of Biological Survey.
- United States. Dept. of Agriculture
- Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927
- Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940
- Zoological Station (Naples)
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 45, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
Series 1CORRESPONDENCE, 1890-1929. Arranged alphabetically and chronologically.
Folder 1 Abaroa, Andronico, 1920
Folder 2 Abbe, Cleveland, 1907-1919
Folder 3 Abbot, Charles G. - Abetti, Giorgio
Folder 4 Acerboni, C., 1910 (oversize, removed to Box 107)
Folder 5 Achor, Clifford L. - Ackermann, A. S. E.
Folder 6 Adams, Byron S. - Adams Express Co.
Folder 7 Adams, F. B. - Adams, F. P.
Folder 8 Adams, George I., 1907-1909
Folder 9 Adams, George L. - Adams, Henry. Relating to an expedition to China by Langdon Warner (q.v.), 1910
Folder 10 Adams, Herbert - Adelstein, Samuel
Folder 11 Aerial League of America - Aero and Hydro
Folder 12 Aero Club of America, 1912-1920
Folder 13 Aeromarine Plane and Motor Co. - Aeronautical Magazine
Folder 14 Aeronautical Society of America, 1908-1916
Folder 15 Affhauser, L. F. - Albert, Henry
Folder 16 Albert Medal, Royal Society of Arts, 1909
Folder 17 Albright, W. H. - Alpine Club of Crimea and the Caucasus
Folder 18 Aluminum Co. of America, 1909-1924
Folder 19 Alvarez, Jose M. - American Anthropological Association
Folder 20 American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1907-1924
Folder 21 American Association for Labor Legislation, 1909-1913
Folder 22 American Association of Museums, 1916-1924
Folder 23 American Astronomical Society - American Farm Economics Association
Folder 1 American Federation of Arts, 1910-1924
Folder 2 American Federation of Labor - American Genetic Association
Folder 3 American Geographical Society, 1910-1923
Folders 4-21 American Historical Association, annual reports, 1907-1924. When Congress chartered the American Historical Association in 1889, it required the Association to make an annual report to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution for transmittal to Congress.
Folder 22 American Historical Association, J. Franklin Jameson - C. D. Walcott correspondence, 1909
Folder 23 American Humane Association - American Institute for Scientific Research
Folder 24 American International Corporation, 1916-1917
Folder 25 American Jewish Congress - American Mining Congress
Folder 26 American Museum of Natural History, 1907-1921
Folder 27 American National Institute - American Railway Express
Folders 1-2 American Red Cross, 1912-1924
Folder 3 American Relief Administration - American Scenic and Historical Preservation Society
Folder 4 American School of Archeology in China, Minutes of the General Committee, 1913. The American School of Archeology in China was begun as a proposed joint project of the Archeological Institute of America and the Smithsonian Institution in 1912. Charles L. Freer and Langdon Warner (q.v.) were important supporters. The School was intended to promote the study of ancient Chinese art and archeology by sponsoring exploration and a museum at Peking. Despite considerable early activity, the project was permitted to expire about 1924.
Folders 5-9 American School of Archeology in China correspondence, 1912-1915, 1917-1924
Folder 10 American School of Archeology in China, Langdon Warner's report of his trip through Europe and China, 1913-1914
Folder 11 American School of Correspondence - American Sunday School Union
Folder 12 American Surety Co. - American Tube and Stamping Co.
Folder 1 Ami, H. M. - Anderson, Hendrick C.
Folder 2 Anderson, John - Andrews, Benjamin R.
Folder 3 Andrews, E. A., 1907-1908
Folder 4 Andrews, Edward M., 1906-1907
Folder 5 Andrews and Lewerth Inc. - Anglo-American University Library for Central Europe
Folder 6 Angstrom, Anders K., 1917-1922, concerning solar radiation studies
Folder 7 Annis, H. - Ansonia Copper and Iron Works
Folder 8 Antarctica and Wilkes Land, exploration of, 1909-1910
Folder 9 Anthis, R. E. - Arbor Day
Folder 10 Archenhold, F. S. - Architects' Advisory Council
Folder 11 Arctowski, Henryk, 1909-1922 concerning meteorological research
Folder 12 Argentine Federal Rifle Club- Argentine Meteorological Office
Folders 13-14 Argentine Solar Observatory, 1920-1924 Concerning solar radiation research and a proposal, later abandoned, to move the Smithsonian's Calama, Chile, station to Argentina
Folder 15 Argus Suisse de la Presse - Asch, W. and D.
Folder 16 Ashepoo Mining Company - Asiatic Institute
Folder 17 Aspinwall, F. E., 1914-1920
Folder 1 Associated Companies - Atlantic Coast Shipbuilders Association
Folder 2 Atlantic Ocean, exploration of the, 1908-1910
Folder 3 Atlantic Refining Co. - Austin, W. Coombs
Folders 4-7 Australian Solar Station, 1919-1924. In 1919 the Smithsonian began correspondence with the Rev. E. F. Pigot, who wanted to create a solar observatory at Riverview College, Sydney, Australia. The Smithsonian sent A. F. Moore of its observatory staff to Australia in 1923 to install some of the equipment. Includes photographs.
Folder 8 Austria-Hungary - Automobile Trade Journal
Folder 9 Automobiles: purchases, permits, chauffeurs, 1909-1920
Folder 10 Automotive Industries - Ayres, W. A.
Folder 11 Baar Society - Babcock, Dudley P.
Folders 12-14 Babcock, William H., 1911-1915
Folder 15 Bache, Rene - Baillie, Herbert
Folder 16 Bain, George Grantham, 1907-1909, 1923
Folder 17 Baird and Co. - Baird, W. M.
Folder 18 Baker, Carl F. - Baker, Frank
Folder 19 Baker, Horace - Baldwin, Nathaniel
Folder 20 Balentine, Harold R. - Ballore, H. de Montessus de
Folder 1 Ballou, Howard M., 1910-1911
Folder 2 Ballou, William Hosea, 1908-1919
Folder 3 Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Co. - Barclay, Emma
Folder 4 Barker, James G. - Barton, William E.
Folder 5 Bartsch, Paul A., 1907-1924. Relating to work of the National Museum
Folder 6 Baruch, Jehuda ben, 1912-1915
Folder 7 Barus, Carl - Bassett, S. C.
Folder 8 Bassler, Ray S., 1912-1916
Folder 9 Bates, John C. - Baur, Franz
Folders 10-11 Bausch and Lomb Optical Co., 1908-1924
Folder 12 Baxcom, Harry - Becker, George C.
Folder 13 Becker, George F., 1909-1919
Folder 14 Beckman Co., R. W. - Bell and Co., bankers
Folders 15-16 Bell, Alexander Graham, 1907-1924. Bell was for many years a Smithsonian Regent. This material relates to his duties as a Regent and to some of his research interests.
Folder 1 Bell, C. J. - Benson, W. S.
Folders 2-16 Bent, Arthur Cleveland. 1910-1923. Relating to his proposed completion of Bendire's Life Histories of North American Birds
Folder 17 Bentley, W. A. - Berry, F. V.
Folder 18 Bertelson, Axel E., 1907-1923
Folder 19 Berthaud Freres - Bibliography of Aeronautical Literature
Folder 1 Bickmore, Albert S. - Biddle, Edward
Folders 2-3 Biddle, James G., 1910-1923. Discussing electrical instrument-making
Folder 4 Biddlecombe, A. - Bigelow, Edward F.
Folder 5 Bigelow, Frank H., 1907-1923
Folder 6 Bigelow, Gideon L. - Black, John C.
Folder 7 Black, W. H. - Blake, W. W.
Folder 8 Blakiston's Son and Co., P. - Blovsky, P.
Folder 9 Boatman, J. J. P. - Bogoslowsky, Lt. B.
Folder 10 Bogue, Virgil - Bonsfield, Alfred
Folder 11 Bookseller and Stationer - Bostedo, L. G.
Folder 12 Boston Gear Works, 1907-1923
Folder 13 Boston Museum of Fine Arts - Bosworth, M. F.
Folder 14 Botany and botanical exploration in tropical America, 1916
Folder 15 Bottoms, R. R. - Boule, M.
Folder 16 Boulitte, G., 1910-1923
Folder 17 Boulton, Mrs. Walfrid - Boy Scouts of America
Folder 18 Brace, A. L. - Brandt, Louis F.
Folders 19-20 Brashear, John Alfred, 1907-1918. Manufacturer of astronomical instruments
Folder 21 Brathenahl - Braum, Carl Brostiarchich
Folder 1 Braun, William P. - Brewster, W. C.
Folder 2 Bridgen, Edwin E. - Brisbane, A.
Folder 3 British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1907-1916
Folder 4 British Astronomical Association - Britton, Wiley
Folder 5 Brockett, Paul, 1907-1924
Folder 6 Brookings, Robert S., 1921-1923. A Regent
Folder 7 Brookings School of Economics and Government, 1923-1924
Folder 8 Brookings School of Economics and Government, reports of work completed or planned, ca. 1923-1925
Folder 9 Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences - Brower, J. C.
Folder 10 Brown and Sons, Alexander - Brown, Silas B.
Folder 11 Brown, Thomas R. - Buckingham, Edgar
Folder 12 Buckland, James - Bunte, John
Folder 13 Bunyan, F. W. - Burley, J. J.
Folder 14 Burling, Lancaster D., 1909-1913
Folder 15 Burlington Watch Co. - Byram, William
Folder 1 Cadwalader, John L.- Campbell, W. W.
Folder 2 Canada, Dominion Astronomical Observatory, 1919
Folder 3 Canada, Dominion parks of, 1919-1920
Folder 4 Canada, Geodetic Survey of, 1921
Folder 5 Canada, Geological Survey, 1908-1915
Folder 6 Canada, Interior Department, Surveyor General, 1916
Folders 7-9 Carnegie Institution, 1901-1902, 1907-1923. The Smithsonian's Secretary was an ex officio member of the Carnegie's board. This correspondence documents the two institutions' collaboration in matters of mutual interest. Includes news clippings.
Folder 10 Carnes, A. C. - Carolina, Clinchfield, and Ohio Railroad
Folders 11-13 Carothers, W. F., 1910-1917. Discussing weather forecasting; includes blueprints.
Folder 14 Carpathian Society - Cartwright, B. W.
Folder 15 Carty, John - Cash, Lillian
Folder 16 Cassel, E. F., 1910-1914
Folder 17 Castelberg Jewelry Co. - Catt, J. A.
Folder 18 Cattell, J. McKeen, 1909-1916. Discussing matters of interest in scientific bibliography
Folder 19 Caudell, Andrew Nelson - Chandler, Walter M.
Folder 1 Chaney, George C. - Charleston Mining and Manufacturing Co.
Folder 2 Chase, A. L. - Cheatham, R. B.
Folder 3 Chemical Foundation - Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Co.
Folder 4 Chiappero, A. - Chicago, University of, Press
Folder 5 Children's Hospital - Church, Miss E. L.
Folders 6-10 Cinchona Botanical Station, 1915-1923. Discussing the leasing of the station from the Colonial Government of Jamaica by the Smithsonian, Johns Hopkins, and other American institutions in order to carry out studies in tropical botany. (oversize, removed to Box 107)
Folder 11 Cincinnati Observatory - Civic Forum Lecture Bureau
Folder 12 Civil Service Retirement Association, 1909-1917
Folder 13 Clapp, Frederick G. - Claras, Georges (oversize, removed to Box 107)
Folder 14 Claren, J., 1910-1913. Discussing solutions to mathematical equations [photo]
Folder 15 Clark, Alonzo Howard, 1907-1919. Discussing his duties as the Smithsonian's editor
Folders 16-17 Clark, Austin H., 1909-1924. Discussing his Smithsonian duties, particularly relating to publications.
Folder 1 Clark, C. L. - Clark, Ezra W.
Folder 2 Clark, Hubert Lyman, 1907-1908
Folder 3 Clark, Mrs. J. L. - Clarke, Nell Ray
Folders 4-5 Clayton, Henry Helm, 1906, 1917-1919, 1921, 1922, 1924. Discussing weather forecasting
Folder 6 Clayton, J. B. - Cochran, Earle
Folder 7 Cockayne, E. O. - Coleman, E. M.
Folder 8 Colgren, Arthur - Collins Publicity Service
Folders 9-12 Collins-Garner Expedition to the Congo, 1915-1921
Folder 13 Colson, William - Conger, Charlotte M.
Folder 1 Aerolocomotion, International Congress of the Sciences Relating to, Verona, Italy, 1910
Folder 2 Aeronautics, Third International Congress of, Milan, Italy, 1905
Folder 3 Aeronautics, Third Pan-American, Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1920
Folder 4 American Congress of Bibliography and History, Buenos Aires and Tucuman, Argentina, 1915-1916
Folder 5 American Mining Congress, Seventeenth, Phoenix, Arizona, 1914
Folder 6 American Scientific Congress, International, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1910
Folder 7 Americanists, Fourteenth International Congress of, Stuttgart, Germany, 1904-1905
Folder 8 Americanists, Fifteenth International Congress of, Quebec, Canada, 1905-1906
Folder 9 Americanists, Sixteenth International Congress of, Vienna, Austria, 1907-1908
Folders 10-11 Americanists, Seventeenth International Congress of, Mexico City, Mexico, and Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1909-1910
Folder 1 Americanists, Eighteenth International Congress of, London, England, 1912
Folders 2-4 Americanists, Nineteenth International Congress of, Washington, D. C. 1912-1916
Folder 5 Americanists, Twentieth International Congress of, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1917 [postponed to 1922]
Folder 6 Americanists, Twentieth International Congress of, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1922-1923
Folder 7 Americanists, Twenty-first International Congress of, The Hague, The Netherlands, 1923-1924
Folder 8 American Sociological Congress, Washington, D.C., 1920
Folder 9 American States, Fifth International Congress of, 1923
Folder 10 Anthropology and Archeology, Prehistoric, Thirteenth International Congress, Monaco, 1905-1906
Folder 11 Anthropology and Archeology, Prehistoric, Fourteenth International Congress, Geneva, Switzerland, 1911-1912
Folder 12 Applied Chemistry, Seventh International Congress of, London, England, 1908-1909
Folder 13 Applied Chemistry, Eighth International Congress of, New York, New York, 1911-1912
Folder 14 Applied Chemistry, Ninth International Congress of, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1915
Folder 15 Archeological Congress, Second International, Cairo, Egypt, 1908-1909
Folder 16 Archeological Congress, Third International, Rome, Italy, 1912
Folder 17 Archeological Congress of France: Le Puy (1904), Beauvais (1905), Avallon (1907), Caen (1908)
Folder 18 Bibliography and Documentation, International Congress of, Brussels, Belgium, 1908-1910
Folder 19 Botany, Third International Congress of, Brussels, Belgium, 1910
Folder 1 Chase, Second International Congress on the, Vienna, Austria, 1910
Folder 2 Chemistry and Physics, Second International Congress of Pure and Applied, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1911
Folder 3 Child's Congress, First American, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1916
Folder 4 Chilean General Scientific Congress, Eighth, Temuco, Chile, 1912
Folder 5 Conservation Congress, Third National, Kansas City, Kansas, 1911
Folder 6 Consulting Engineers, Second International Congress of, Berne, Switzerland, 1914
Folder 7 Criminal Anthropology, Sixth International Congress of, Turin, Italy, 1905-1906
Folder 8 Criminal Anthropology, Seventh International Congress of, Cologne, Germany, 1911
Folder 9 Egyptian Medical Congress, First, Cairo, Egypt, 1902
Folder 10 Entomology, First International Congress of, Brussels, Belgium, 1910
Folder 11 Eugenics, Second International Congress of, New York, New York, 1921
Folder 12 Fishery Congress, Fourth International, Washington, D. C., 1906-1908
Folder 13 French Geographical Societies, Thirteenth National Congress of, Roubaix, France, 1911
Folder 14 Geography, Ninth International Congress of, Geneva, Switzerland, 1908-1909
Folder 15 Geography, Tenth International Congress of, Rome, Italy, 1910
Folder 16 Geography and Ethnology, Eleventh International Congress of, Cairo, Egypt, 1922-1924
Folder 17 Geologic Congress, First International, Brussels, Belgium, 1922
Folder 18 Geology, Tenth International Congress of, Stockholm, Sweden, 1909-1911
Folder 19 Geology, Twelfth International Congress of, Toronto, Canada, 1912-1913
Folder 20 Hispano-American Geography and History, Congress of, Seville, Spain, 1914
Folder 21 Historical Sciences, Fifth International Congress of, Brussels, Belgium, 1922-1923
Folder 22 Historical Studies, International Congress of, London, 1912
Folder 23 Home Education, Fourth International Congress of, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1914
Folder 24 Horticulture, International Conference of, Paris, France, 1902, 1904, 1906, 1908, 1911
Folder 25 Housing Reform, International Congress of, Vienna, Austria, 1910; The Hague, The Netherlands, 1913
Folder 26 Hunting and Fishing, International Exhibition for, Antwerp, Belgium, 1906-1908
Folder 27 Hydrology, Climatology, and Geology, Ninth International Congress on, Madrid, Spain, 1913
Folders 28-32 Hygiene and Demography, Fifteenth International Congress on, Washington, D. C., 1909-1912
Folder 33 Librarians, International Congress of, Brussels, Belgium, 1909
Folder 34 Mathematical Congress, Fifth International, Toronto, Canada, 1924
Folder 35 Mathematicians, Third International Congress of, Heidelberg, Germany, 1903-1904
Folder 36 Mathematicians, Fourth International Congress of, Rome, Italy, 1907-1908
Folder 37 Medical Press, Second International Congress of the, Madrid, Spain, 1903
Folder 38 Mining, Metallurgy, Applied Mechanics, and Practical Geology, International Congress of, Liege, Belgium, 1905
Folder 1 Mining, Metallurgy, Applied Mechanics, and Practical Geology, Second International Congress of, Dusseldorf, Germany, 1909
Folder 2 Mining, Metallurgy, Engineering, and Economic Geology, Sixth International Congress of, London, England, 1914
Folder 3 Nature, International Congress for the Protection of, Paris, France, 1923
Folder 4 Navigation, International Congress on, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1908
Folder 5 Norman Millennium, Congress of the, Rouen, France, 1910-1911
Folder 6 Oceanography, Congress on, Marseilles, France, 1905
Folder 7 Orientalists, International Congress of, Hanoi, Indo-China, 1902
Folder 8 Orientalists, Thirteenth International Congress of, Hamburg, Germany, 1902
Folder 9 Orientalists, Fourteenth International Congress of, Algiers, Algeria, 1904-1905
Folder 10 Orientalists, Fifteenth International Congress of, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1907-1908
Folder 11 Orientalists, Sixteenth International Congress of, Athens, Greece, 1910-1912
Folder 12 Ornithological Congress, Fourth International, London, England, 1905
Folder 13 Ornithological Congress, Fifth International, Berlin, Germany, 1910
Folder 14 Panama-Pacific International Aeronautical Congress, San Francisco, California, 1914
Folder 15 Pan-American Scientific Congress, First, Santiago, Chile, 1908-1909
Folders 16-17 Pan-American Scientific Congress, Second, Washington, D.C., 1915-1916 (deferred from 1912)
Folder 18 Pan-American Scientific Congress, Third, Lima, Peru, 1924
Folder 19 Pan-Pacific Scientific Congress, First, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1920
Folder 20 Pan-Pacific Scientific Congress, Second, Sydney, Australia, 1922-1923
Folder 21 Pathology, First International Congress on Comparative, Paris, France, 1912
Folder 22 Photography, International Congress on, Dresden, Germany, 1908
Folder 23 Police, First International Congress of Investigative, Monaco, 1914
Folder 24 Polish National Congress, Washington, D.C., 1910
Folder 25 Pomological Congress (Pomological Society of France), Angiers, France, 1907; Ghent, Belgium, 1913
Folder 26 Prehistoric Congress of France, Sixth, Tours, France, 1910
Folder 27 Races, Universal Congress of the, London, England, 1910-1911
Folder 28 Radiology and Electricity, International Congress on, Brussels, Belgium, 1911
Folder 29 Refrigeration, First International Congress of, Paris, France, 1907-1908
Folder 30 Refrigeration, Second International Congress of, Vienna, Austria, 1910
Folder 31 Refrigeration, Third International Congress of, Chicago, Illinois, 1912-1913
Folder 1 Religions, Third International Congress on the History of, Oxford, England, 1908
Folder 2 Sanitary Dwellings, Third International Congress for, Dresden, Germany, 1911
Folder 3 Sugar-Making and Distilling Industries, Second International Congress of, Paris, France, 1908
Folder 4 Technical Instruction, International Congress of Advanced, Brussels, Belgium, 1910
Folder 5 Technology, Congress of, Boston, Massachusetts, 1911
Folder 6 Testing Material, Sixth International Congress of the International Association for, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1912
Folder 7 Tuberculosis, British Congress on, London, England, 1901
Folder 8 Tuberculosis, Seventh International Congress Against, Rome, Italy, 1911
Folder 9 Veterinary Congress, Eighth International, Budapest, Hungary, 1905
Folder 10 Viticulture, International Congress of, Angiers, France, 1907
Folder 11 World's Congress of International Organizations, Brussels, Belgium, 1910
Folder 12 Zoology, Fifth International Congress on, Berlin, Germany, 1900-1902
Folder 13 Zoology, Sixth International Congress on, Berne, Switzerland, 1904-1906
Folder 14 Zoology, Seventh International Congress of, Boston, Massachusetts, 1907
Folder 15 Zoology, Eighth International Congress of, Graz, Austria, 1909-1911
Folder 16 Zoology, Ninth International Congress of, Monaco, 1912-1913
Folder 17 Conkey Co., W. B. - Cooper Union
Folder 18 Cope, Edward Drinker, bibliography, 1907-1916
Folder 19 Copeland, W. P. - Coster, A. Vennell
Folder 20 Cottrell, Frederick Gardiner, 1911-1923. Chiefly concerning his gift of precipitator patents to the Smithsonian
Folder 21 Coulter, John Merle - Coville, Frederick V.
Folder 22 Cox, Dewey - Cram, George F.
Folder 23 Cramer Dry Plate Co., 1911-1924. Concerning glass photographic plates for use by the Astrophysical Observatory
Folder 24 Cramton, Louis C. - Criswell, David S.
Folder 25 Crocker Land Antarctic Expedition prospectus, 1912-1914
Folder 26 Crolins, Cornelia G. - Cross, Charles R.
Folder 1 Crossman and Sielcken - Curd, Mrs. Walter G.
Folder 2 Curie, Madame Marie, 1921. Concerning her lecture at the Smithsonian, May 20, 1921
Folder 3 Curley, James M. - Current Opinion
Folder 4 Curtice, Cooper, 1911-1926. Includes photographs
Folder 5 Curtis, Edward S., 1907-1922. Concerning topics in North American anthropology
Folder 6 Curtis, George E. - Curtis, William E.
Folder 7 Curtiss, Glenn E., 1914-1922. Concerning the Langley aerodrome, National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics business, and other aeronautical topics.
Folder 8 Cushing, Frank H. - Czechoslovakia, Legation of
Folder 9 Dacoster, H. B. - Dakin, W. S.
Folder 10 Dale, Samuel S., 1923-1924
Folder 11 Dall, William Healey, 1907-1924. Concerning various topics of Museum business
Folder 12 Dallinger, Frederick W. - Daub, J. G.
Folders 13-16 Daughters of the American Revolution, correspondence, 1907-1924. This correspondence concerns the annual report of the D.A.R. Its charter required the organization to make such a report to the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who was to transmit it to Congress. The Institution and the D.A.R. often disagreed about the legitimate scope of the report.
Folder 17 Daughters of 1812, National Society of United States, 1916-1917
Folder 18 Davenport, Charles B. - Davis, E.
Folder 1 Davis, Edward Gates - Davis, Theodore M.
Folder 2 Davis, William M., 1913-1919
Folder 3 Dawe, C. A. G. - Dawson, N. E.
Folder 4 Dawson, W. Bell, 1909, 1923
Folder 5 Day, Arthur L. - Dayton, A. Olin
Folder 6 Dean, Bashford, 1907-1909
Folder 7 Decker Manufacturing Co. - De Frere, Paul
Folder 8 de Forest, Henry W., 1907-1915. Deals with various philanthropic subjects, such as a "plan to rescue the poor whites of the South".
Folder 9 de Forest, Robert W., 1907-1923. Relates chiefly to a 1916-1917 campaign to ensure that provisions for a tax deduction for charitable gifts would be included in the new income tax law passed pursuant to the XVI amendment to the Constitution.
Folder 10 Della Torre, Frank, 1907-1912
Folder 11 Denby, Edwin - Departmental Bank
Folder 12 De Peyster, General John Watts, 1907-1912. Concerning a collection of books on Napoleon to be given to the Smithsonian
Folder 13 Deppe, W. P. - Dobbs, B. B.
Folder 14 Dobson, Gordon M. B. - Dorno, C.
Folder 15 Dorr, George B., 1918-1921
Folder 16 Doubleday and Co. - Driscoll, D. A.
Folder 17 Driver, E. J., 1920-1921
Folder 18 Duane, William - Dunham, W. R.
Folder 19 Dunlap, J. L. - Du Pre, David L.
Folder 20 Durand, Arthur F., 1918-1923
Folder 21 Durban Museum - Dykes, Alvin
Folder 1 Earley, Charles, 1917
Folders 2-5 Earthquakes, 1907-1915. Concerning earthquakes reported from around the world
Folders 6-10 Eastman Kodak Co., 1907-1911, 1913-1922. Concerning supplies of film for Smithsonian research, especially the Astrophysical Observatory.
Folder 11 East Tennessee Historical Association - Adolf Eckstein Verlag
Folder 12 Eclipse of the sun of 1918, 1917-1919
Folder 13 The Economic World - Edwards Common Sense Airplane Co.
Folder 14 Edwards, William Seymour, 1911-1912. Deep-well drilling in Kanawha County, West Virginia
Folder 15 Efficiency Society - Eigenmann, C. H.
Folder 16 Eimer and Amend, 1915-1922. Laboratory apparatus suppliers
Folder 17 Eldrikin, John - Elliott, D. G.
Folders 18-19 Elliott, Henry Wood, 1907-1914. Concerning the Alaska fur seal and Elliott's misuse of his Smithsonian affiliation
Folder 1 Elliott, James - Emmons, Mrs. Samuel F.
Folder 2 Encyclopedia Americana, 1922-1924
Folder 3 Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910-1916
Folder 4 Encyclopedia of Original Documents - English, Frank R.
Folder 5 Engstrand, Gunnar C. - Everybody's Magazine
Folders 6-15 Exploration pamphlets, Smithsonian, 1908, 1911-1924. Annual published summaries of SI-supported exploration
The Smithsonian continued to participate in expositions as it had done in former years, though the activity itself seems to have become less common as the century advanced.
Folder 16 Aerial Craft, Commercial Motor Truck etc., First National Exposition of, Washington, D. C., 1911
Folder 17 Aeronautical Exposition, International, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany, 1909
Folder 18 Alaska Semicentennial Exposition, Fairbanks, Alaska, 1917
Folder 19 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, Seattle, Washington, 1908-1909
Folder 20 Argentine Republic Centenary, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1910
Folder 21 Conservation Exposition, National, Knoxville, Tennessee, 1913
Folder 22 Hygiene Exposition, International, Dresden, Germany, 1910-1911
Folder 23 Jamestown Exposition (Jamestown Aeronautical Congress), Norfolk, Virginia, 1907
Folder 24 Literature, Arts, and Peace, International Exposition of, Lisbon, Portugal, 1907
Folder 25 Maritime Exposition, International, Bordeaux, France, 1906-1907; correspondence
Folder 1 Maritime Exposition, International, Bordeaux, France, 1907; catalogue
Folders 2-3 Maritime Exposition, International, Bordeaux, France, 1907; photographs of United States exhibit
Folder 4 Milan Exposition of 1906, Milan, Italy, 1905-1906; opening of the Simplon Tunnel
Folder 5-9 Panama-California Exposition, San Diego, California, correspondence, 1912-1916
Folders 10-12 Panama-Pacific Exposition, San Francisco, California, 1913-1915
Folder 13 Photographic Exposition, International, Dresden, Germany, 1909, and Moscow, Russia, 1910
Folder 14 Turin International Exposition, Turin, Italy, 1911
Folder 15 Fabry, Charles - Fergusson, H. B.
Folder 16 Ferraro, D. J., 1907-1908
Folder 1 Ferraz, Sampaio - Fisher, Albert Kenrick
Folder 2 Fisher, Irving, 1924
Folder 3 Fisher, Willard J. - Folz, Stanley
Folders 4-6 Foote, Dr. J. S., 1913-1917, 1921. Concerning publications on various topics
Folder 7 Forbes, William T. - Fordney, J. W.
Folders 8-9 Forest Reserve Law, correspondence, 1890-1905, 1916-1917
Folder 10 Formosa - Fowke, Gerard
Folder 11 Fowle, F. E., 1908-1918. Concerning the work of the Astrophysical Observatory
Folder 12 Fowle, Hubert W. - Fox, William H.
Folder 13 Fox, William J., 1907
Folders 14-16 Frachtenberg, Leo, 1917-1918. These folders document the controversy over Frachtenberg's dismissal from the Smithsonian on charges of disloyalty during World War I.
Folder 17 France, Embassy of, 1907-1924
Folder 18 France, Joseph L. - Franke, Rudolph
Folder 19 Franklin Institute, 1909-1920
Folder 20 Fraser, Walter - Freundlich, E. Findlay
Folder 21 Frick, Childs, 1907, 1911-1912, 1920. Especially regarding his Abyssinian expedition, 1912
Folder 22 Frick, Helen C. - Fuller, Alvan T.
Folder 23 Fuller, Myron L., 1917
Folder 24 Fulton, Maurice G. - Furness, Caroline E.
Folder 1 Gaertner and Co., William, 1913-1923. Makers of scientific instruments
Folder 2 Gage, Henry P. - Garner, W. W.
Folder 3 Garrett, John Alvin, 1915
Folder 4 Garrettson, F. P. and Co. - Gass, F. E.
Folder 5-6 Gatchell and Manning, 1913-1916
Folder 7 Gates, Clara E. - Gates, Elmer
Folder 8 Gati, Bela, 1911-1913
Folder 9 Gaumont Co. - Gay, Edward J.
Folder 10 Geare, Randolph I., 1908-1917
Folder 11 Geiger, Fred C. - Gellatly, John
Folder 12 General Acoustic Co., 1908-1909
Folder 13 General Electric Co., 1916-1922
Folder 14 General Fireproofing Co. - Gennep, A. von
Folder 15 Geographical position indicator, 1917-1918
Folder 16 Geographical tables, Smithsonian, 1913-1922
Folder 17 Geological Society of America - George, R. M.
Folders 18-20 George Washington Memorial Association, correspondence, 1907, 1909
Folders 1-12 George Washington Memorial Association, correspondence, 1910-1929
Folder 13 George Washington Memorial Association, printed matter: pamphlets, brochures, programs (oversize, removed to Box 107)
Folder 14 George Washington University - Gifford, L. B.
Folder 15 Gilbert, Chester G. - Givenwilson, Irene
Folder 1 Glacier Bay [Alaska] National Monument, 1912-1924
Folder 2 Glahn, Jacob - Gluck, John D.
Folders 3-16 Goddard, Robert H., correspondence, 1916-1924. Chiefly records of Goddard's investigation of high-altitude flight under Smithsonian sponsorship. Documentation includes reports, correspondence, photographs, and patents.
Folders 1-9 Goddard, Robert H., 1918-1924, 1929. Reports, patents, photographs
Folder 10 Godoy, Jose F. - Goodyear, W. H.
Folder 11 Gorczynski, Ladislaus, 1923-1924
Folder 12 Gordon, G. B. - Graham, Walter
Folder 13 Grand Army of the Republic - Gray, Thomas
Folder 14 Great Northern Railway Co. - Green, Bernard R.
Folder 15 Green, Henry J., 1909-1924
Folder 16 Greene, Edward B., Jr., 1910
Folder 17 Greene, Edward Lee, 1907-1909
Folders 1-2 Greene, Edward Lee, 1910-1925
Folder 3 Greene, Frank L. - Greene, George K.
Folder 4 Greene, Louis E. - Gronberger, S. M.
Folder 5 Gross, Sidney A., 1917-1918
Folder 6 Grosvenor, Gilbert H. - Gunderoth, Charles J.
Folder 7 Gunnell, Leonard C., 1907-1923
Folder 8 Gurley, Dr. Revere Randolph, 1910-1912
Folder 9 Gurley, W. and L. E., 1908-1923
Folder 10 Guthnick, Dr. P., 1918-1920
Folder 11 Guye, Ph. A. - Gwynn, H. R.
Folder 12 Haagner, A. - Hale, Ellen D.
Folder 13 Hale, George Ellery, 1907-1922. Discussing astronomical subjects
Folder 14 Haley, Louis C. - Hallock, Charles
Folder 15 Hallock, William H., 1907-1908
Folder 16 Hambach, Gustav, 1907-1922
Folder 17 Hamerschlag, Arthur A. - Harcourt, Brace, and Howe
Folder 18 Harding, Warren G. Memorial Association, 1923-1924
Folder 19 Hardy, Charles - Harper, John A.
Folders 20-22 Harriman Alaska Series, correspondence, 1910
Folders 1-2 Harriman Alaska Series, correspondence, 1911, 1914-1917, 1920-1921
Folder 3-7 Harriman Alaska Series, starfish, 1911-1914
Folders 8-10 Harriman Alaska Series, Lord Baltimore Press, 1910-1911
Folder 11 Harris, G. D. - Hart, Mrs. F. R.
Folder 12 Hart, William S. - Hayes, C. B.
Folder 13 Haynald Observatory, Kolocsa, Hungary, 1922-1924
Folder 14 Haynes Satellite Co., 1915-1924. Concerning astronomical apparatus
Folder 15 Hays, A. C. - Health Record
Folder 16 Heard, Dwight B., 1907. Includes photograph
Folder 17 Herbert, Eugene - Hess, Alfred F.
Folder 1 Hess, Frank L., 1907-1912. Concerning a bibliography of tin
Folder 2 Hesse, C. A. - Hill, George F.
Folder 3 Hill, J. H., 1907-1924. Concerning his duties as Property Clerk
Folder 4 Hill, James Jerome Reference Library - Hilts, Mrs. J. C.
Folders 5-6 Hinsdale, Dr. Guy, 1913 - 1925. Concerning his receipt of the Hodgkins Prize, as well as other topics
Folder 7 Hitchcock, A. S. - Hodenpijl, Gijsbert
Folder 8 Hodge, Frederick Webb - Hollister, Ned
Folder 9 Holm, Frits von, 1908-1920. Concerning various research projects and Holm's suspected German sympathies in World War I
Folder 10 Holmes, Burton, 1908-1917
Folder 11 Holmes, Joseph A. Safety Association (Chapter) Correspondence, 1916-1924
Folder 12 Safety Association executive committee minutes, 1922-1924
Folders 13-14 Safety Association minutes, 1916-1917, 1919, 1920-1923
Folder 1 Holmes, Joseph A. Safety Association, "Holmes Safety Chapter Notes," 1924
Folder 2 Holmes, William Henry, 1908-1924. Concerning his duties as Head Curator in the Department of Anthropology, USNM
Folder 3 Holmes, W. H. - Houx, F. L.
Folder 4 Howard, Leland Ossian, correspondence, 1908-1915
Folder 5 Howarth, [?] - Howell, Edwin E.
Folder 6 Hoxmark, Guillermo, 1922-1924
Folder 7 Hoxton, L. G. - Hoyt, John W.
Folders 8-10 Hrdlicka, Ales A., correspondence, 1909-1925. Concerning various topics in physical anthropology and details of Museum administration.
Folder 11 Hubbard, R. W. - Humphreys, W. J.
Folders 12-15 Hunsaker, Jerome C., 1913-1916. Hunsaker had worked with S. P. Langley. These records deal with research in aeronautics and the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics.
Folder 16 Hunt, Leslie J. - Hyde, W. A.
Folder 1 Ibarra, A. M. Fernandez de, 1907
Folders 2-3 Iddings, Joseph P., 1909-1916. Concerning geological specimens from China, Japan, and the Far East.
Folder 4 Illinois Aero Club - Illuminating Engineering Society
Folder 5 Immigration Restriction League, correspondence and pamphlets, 1907-1916
Folder 6 Ince, Thomas H. - Inter-Departmental Chorus
Folder 7 Internal Work of the Wind, 1907-1908. Concerning reprinting of this S. P. Langley publication
Folder 8 International Association for the Advancement of Science - International Auxiliary Language
Folder 9 International Canadian Boundary Commission - Iyer, L. K. Anantha Krishna
Folder 10 Jackson, Gilbert E. - James, George Wharton
Folder 11 James, William, 1908 concerning interest in spiritualism by Thomas George Hodgkins, nineteenth-century benefactor of the Smithsonian.
Folder 12 Jameson, J. Franklin - Jobin, A.
Folder 13 Jochelson, Waldemar, 1915-1922
Folder 14 Joffee, S. A. - Jones, Winthrop
Folder 15 Jordan, David Starr, 1907-1916. Concerning research grants
Folder 16 Jordan, Wilfred F. - Julius, W. H.
Folder 17 Julliot, Henri, 1920
Folder 1 Kaempffert, Waldemar - Kahler, Max .
Folders 2-9 Kahn Foundation for the Foreign Travel of American Teachers, correspondence, trustees' minutes, 1909-1917, 1919, 1921. Charles D. Walcott was a founding trustee of this foundation, created by Albert Kahn, a Paris banker, as a means of advancing the cause of peace and international understanding. The trust was to support such number of American teachers as the trustees might select for a year's travel and observation abroad. The American foundation complemented similar trusts in France, the United Kingdom, Germany, and Italy. It expired, in America, at least, among the wreckage of foreign exchange after World War I.
Folder 10 Kalcik, Vaclav - Kaznakoff, Alexander N.
Folder 11 Keeley-Handy Syndicate, 1916-1917
Folder 12 Keen, W. W. - Kelly, James
Folder 13 Kelsey, Francis W., 1910-1922. Concerning dealings with Charles L. Freer (q.v.) and his art collection
Folder 14 Kemble, Edwin C. - Kilgore, Y. J.
Folders 1-3 Kindle, Edward M., 1907-1924. Discussing various topics in paleontology
Folder 4 King, Louis V. - Klotz, Otto
Folder 5 Klotz, Walter C. - Kopac, M.
Folders 6-11 John Koren Expedition to Siberia, correspondence, February-November 1914, February-June, August 1915-1917. John (or Johan) Koren, a fur dealer and collector, approached the Smithsonian in 1911, proposing to take a Smithsonian representative with him on his expedition to the Kolyma River region of Siberia. George P. Merrill and others at the Smithsonian were enthusiastic about the project, and Benno Alexander was chosen for the work. He was joined by Copley Amory, Jr., of Columbia University in his capacity as a Smithsonian collaborator and partial sponsor of the expedition. The party set out about June 25, 1914, from Seattle, Washington, and dissension soon arose between Koren and Amory. Koren seems to have gone bankrupt, and Amory continued the expedition. Alexander and the Smithsonian felt that their interests had not been much considered in the course of the struggles between Amory and Koren. Alexander did not have as much opportunity to collect material as he had hoped for, and apparently much of that had to be left behind for want of shipping from Siberia when World War I broke out.
Folder 12 Kornfeld, N. H. - Kulp, Dan H.
Folder 13 Kunz, George Frederick - Kurtz, Ford
Folder 14 LaCauzo, F. E. - Lang, Herbert
Folder 15 Langley aerodrome controversy, correspondence, 1914. This dispute concerned the propriety of Glenn H. Curtiss's 1914 reconstruction and flight of Samuel P. Langley's aerodrome. Partisans of Langley and of the Wright brothers fell into a bitter dispute over the claims of each side to priority in manned flight.
Folders 1-2 Langley aerodrome controversy, 1915-1922
Folders 3-6 Langley Day, correspondence, speeches, invitations, 1913. On May 6, 1913, the seventeenth anniversary of the flight of Secretary Langley's unmanned aerodrome number 5, the Institution convened a meeting to commemorate the event, and to award the Langley Medal to Glenn H. Curtiss and Gustave Eiffel. Addresses were given by Alexander Graham Bell and John Brashear (q.q.v.).
Folder 7 Langley, John Williams, 1908-1918. The brother of Secretary Langley
Folder 8 Langley, F. L. - Langley Junior High School
Folder 9 Langley, Samuel Pierpont, 1913-1919 and undated. Biographical material and correspondence
Folder 10 Langstaff, George - Latourette, Kenneth S.
Folder 11 Laufer, Berthold, 1907-1913. Concerning various papers to be published by the Smithsonian
Folder 12 Laurie, S. P. - Le Baron, J. Francis
Folder 13 Lectures, popular, 1918-1920. In 1918 Secretary Walcott appointed a committee, chaired by Charles G. Abbot, to arrange popular adult lectures about science at the Smithsonian. It seems to have been active for about two years.
Folder 14 Lederle Antitoxin Laboratories - Leland, Waldo Gifford
Folder 15 Lemaire, E. - Lewin, Sarah M.
Folder 16 Lewis, J. Volney - Lightfoot, J. H.
Folder 17 Lightning discharges, protection from, 1909-1924
Folder 18 Lillie, Grant W. - Lincoln relics, Oldroyd Collection of
Folder 19 Lindblad, Bertil - Lissman, Marcel
Folder 20 Little, Arthur D. - Local Notes
Folder 1 Loeb, Morris - Lowe, Thaddeus S. C.
Folder 2 Lowell, Earl B. - Lundbohm, Hjalmar
Folder 3 McAdie, Alexander, 1909-1920. Concerning meteorological and astronomical topics
Folder 4 Macalister, R. A. S. - McCurdy, Arthur W.
Folder 5 MacCurdy, George Grant, 1914-1922
Folder 6 McDermott, F. Alexander - MacDougal, Daniel T.
Folder 7 McDowell Co., John A., 1922. Successor to John A. Brashear Ltd.
Folder 8 McDowell, William Osborne - McGirr and Co.
Folder 9 Machlett and Son, E. Instrument makers
Folder 10 McHugh, H. D. - McLean, George P.
Folder 11 McLennan, Evan, 1918-1919
Folder 12 McMurtrie, William - Macpherson, Donald
Folder 13 Magee, Walter W. - Manley, John J.
Folder 14 Manly, Charles Matthews, 1912-1917. Concerning the Langley aerodrome, as well as the manufacture of scientific instruments
Folder 15 Mann, James R. - Mansfield, Ira F.
Folder 16 Manson, Marsden, 1909-1924. Concerning his studies in meteorology
Folder 17 Manter, George B. - Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co.
Folder 18 Marsh, C. Dwight, 1912-1919. Concerning publication of research carried out on the Biological Survey of Panama (See: Panama Canal Zone, Biological Survey)
Folder 19 Marsh, G. F. - Maxon, William R.
Folder 20 Maxwell, George H., 1911-1918
Folder 21 Maynard, George C., 1909-1918. Chiefly concerning efforts to create a national university in Washington, D. C.
Folder 22 Means, James H. - Mearns, Edgar A.
Folder 1 Medhurst, C. Spurgeon - Mendenhall, Charles Elwood
Folder 2 Mercer, Mrs. Carroll - Merriam, John C.
Folder 3 Merrill, George P., 1907-1923. Concerning his work as Head Curator of Geology
Folder 4 Meserve, F. H. - Metric system
Folder 5 Metropolitan Museum of Art - Miller, Eric R.
Folder 6 Miller, Gerrit S. Jr., 1910-1924. Concerning his work as Curator of Mammals
Folder 7 Miller, John A. - Minnesota Historical Society
Folder 8 Mirinny, L. - Moens, Herman M. B.
Folder 9 Monaco, Prince of , 1913. Concerning his visit to the Smithsonian
Folder 10 Montefiore, George - Montgomery, James A.
Folder 11 Moodie, Dr. Roy L., 1912-1918. Concerning his paleontological research
Folders 12-18 Moore, Alfred F., and Abbott, L. H., Montezuma Observatory, Calama, Chile, August 1917-June 1918, August 1918-March 1920. Concerning work of the APO at the Calama site; includes photographs.
Folders 1-3 Moore, Alfred F., Montezuma Observatory, Calama, Chile, April-December 1920, 1924
Folder 4 Moore, Charles - Morschhauser, W. A.
Folder 5 Morse, W. C. - Multiscope and Film Corp.
Folder 6 Muncaster, Mary - Munn & Co.
Folder 7 Munroe, Helen - Myrick, Herbert
Folder 8 Nadal, E. S. - Nagle, Augustus F.
Folder 9 Nansen, Fridjof, 1917-1921. Chiefly concerning temperature and solar radiation
Naples Zoological Station
Folder 10 Andrews, Dr. Frank M., 1906-1909. In 1893 the Smithsonian began to sponsor a "table" for original research at the research station maintained by the Naples Zoological Society, Naples, Italy. The station, founded in 1875, was intended as an international center for studies in the biological and life sciences. It was directed by Dr. Anton Dohrn until his death, when he was succeeded by his son, Dr. Reinhard Dohrn. Sponsorship of this table enabled the Smithsonian to assign one or two scholars to the research facility for whatever time it wished. Before the onset of World War I forced the station to close, this table offered research opportunities to a substantial number of users. These records are arranged alphabetically by applicant name.
Folder 11 Bovard, Dr. John, 1914-1915
Folder 12 Colton, Dr. Harold Setters, 1908
Folder 13 Congdon, Dr. E. D., 1911
Folder 14 Coulter, Dr. John M., 1908
Folder 15 Day, Edward C., 1912-1913
Folder 16 Edwards, Dr. Charles Lincoln, 1909-1910
Folder 17 Glaser, Otto C., 1911
Folder 18 Greene, Dr. Charles W., 1910
Folder 19 Guyer, Michael F., 1908-1910
Folder 20 Hargitt, Dr. Charles W., 1910-1912
Folder 21 Hemmeter, Dr. John C., 1913-1914
Folder 22 Hoyt, Dr. W. D., 1909-1910
Folder 23 Kofoid, Dr. Charles A., 1907-1908
Folder 24 Kornheuser, Dr. Sidney I., 1911-1913
Folder 25 Lewis, Dr. L. F., 1907-1908
Folder 26 Mackenzie, Mary D., 1914
Folder 27 Miyake, Dr. K., 1911
Folder 28 Morgulis, Sergius, 1910
Folder 29 Painter, Dr. Thomas S., 1913
Folder 30 Payne, Fernandus, 1911-1912
Folder 31 Phelps, Miss Jessie, 1907
Folder 32 Reed, Howard S., 1912
Folder 33 Senior, Dr. H. D., 1908
Folder 1 Spaeth, Reynold A., 1913-1914
Folder 2 Starks, Edwin C., 1913
Folder 3 Strong, Dr. R. M., 1909-1910
Folder 4 Williams, Dr. Stephen R., 1910-1911
Folder 5 Young, Dr. R. T., 1913
Folder 6 Zeleny, Prof. Charles, 1911
Folders 7-8 Administrative correspondence, 1893-1924
Folder 9 Record books, 1893-1916
Folder 10 Nashville Banner - National Academy of Design
Folders 11-16 National Academy of Sciences, correspondence, 1907-1911, 1913, 1915, 1917-1920, 1922-1924. Concerning operations of the Academy, which was housed at the Smithsonian during much of this time.
Folders 17-18 National Academy of Sciences, new building, including plans, 1919-1921, 1923
Folders 1-4 National Academy of Sciences, new building, correspondence, 1922-1923
Folder 5 National Aeroplane Competition- National Conservatory of Music
Folder 6 National Defense, Council of - National Federation of Federal Employees
Folders 7-8 National Geographic Society, correspondence 1907-1922. Concerning matters of mutual interest, particularly accessions to the National Museum from the Society's expedition to Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, 1921-1922.
Folder 9 National Parks Association, correspondence, 1921-1924. Concerning efforts to strengthen the national parks system in the United States
Folder 10 National Health Council - National Reclamation Association
Folders 11-19 National Research Council, correspondence, 1916-1924. In 1916, at the request of President Wilson, the National Academy of Sciences and the Engineering Foundation collaborated to create the National Research Council. This body was intended to give more direction to the nation's scientific and engineering resources in a number of areas in order to support the national defense and other aspects of the national welfare. Charles D. Walcott was appointed one of the Council's members. Most of this material focuses on preparing for, and waging, World War I.
Folder 20 Reports and financial records, 1919-1924
Folder 1 National Research Council, 1917. Proposals of Prof. William M. Davis dealing with topographic training and other topics related to preparedness for World War I.
Folder 2 National Security League - Nature
Folder 3 Naully, Edward Fairfax, correspondence and drawings, 1914-1916. Concerning aviation topics
Folder 4 Nelson, E. W. - New Hampshire Forests, Society for
Folder 5 New York State Commission on Ventilation, 1916-1921
Folders 6-10 New York University Hall of Fame, correspondence, 1907-1920, 1922-1924. These files document an effort at New York University to create and maintain a program honoring famous Americans. Its aim seems to have been stimulation of national pride and recognition of achievement in a wide variety of endeavors. The Smithsonian Secretary was one of the electors.
Folder 11 Niagara Falls, hydroelectric power possibilities of, 1923-1925
Folder 12 Nichols, Ernest Fox correspondence, 1919-1923. Concerning astrophysical research
Folder 13 Nitrate supply, nitrogen fixation and, 1916-1917. Discussing assurance of adequate nitrogen supplies in time of war
Folder 14 Nobel Prize Nominations, correspondence, 1907-1924. The Secretary of the Smithsonian was one of those canvassed by the Swedish Royal Academy to propose recipients of the Nobel Prize in various disciplines. In 1920 Walcott proposed Albert Einstein for the 1921 prize in physics. In 1923 he proposed Robert A. Millikin for the same prize in 1924. Of course, he proposed the names of other, less successful candidates as well.
Folder 15 Nolan, John I., 1916-1921. Rep. Nolan was a member and eventual chairman of the House Committee on Labor. This correspondence deals with his interest in the federal work force.
Folder 1 Nolin, J. V. - North American Review
Folders 2-8 North American Wildflowers, correspondence, 1922-1924. These folders document the production of a portfolio entitled North American Wildflowers painted from nature by Mary Vaux Walcott, wife of Charles D. Walcott, while accompanying her husband on annual summer field trips. The portfolio, financed by private subscriptions, was intended to familiarize readers with a wide range of North American wild flowers and to raise funds for support of Smithsonian research.
Folder 9 Norton, Charles D. - Nutting, C. C.
Folder 10 O'Brien, J. J. - Osborne, Carl
Folder 11 Osgood, Wilfred H., 1914-1920. Concerning the fur seal controversy
Folder 12 Osse, Edward A. - Overman, Lee S.
Folder 13 Padgett, Mrs. Lemuel P. - Palmer, William S.
Panama Canal Zone Biological Survey Project
Folder 14 Correspondence, 1904-1910. Planning for this project began in 1908 and attracted substantial interest from the scientific community and notable amateurs of science of the day. This and following folders document the planning and execution of the work, which was carried out with public and private funds. It was co-ordinated by the Smithsonian, with the help of the Bureau of Fisheries, Department of Commerce and Labor, and the Biological Survey and Divisions of Botany and Entomology, Department of Agriculture. It may be that the interest and data produced by this effort helped to lay the groundwork for the Institute for Research in Tropical America, the progenitor of the present-day Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (see record units 46, 50, 108, 134, 135).
Folders 1-3 Panama Canal Zone Biological Survey Project correspondence, 1911-1917
Folder 4 Disbursements and contributions, 1910-1912
Folder 5 Correspondence with executive departments: Agriculture, 1910-1913
Folder 6 State and War Departments, 1910-1911
Folder 7 Isthmian Canal Commission, 1910-1914
Folder 8 Panama, Republic of, correspondence, 1912-1913
Folders 9-11 Pittier, Henri F., correspondence, 1910-1914. Pittier began working for the Isthmian Survey and remained in Panama after it ended, collecting for the Institution.
Folder 12 Pan American Union, 1910-1922
Folder 1 Panayeff, Joseph V. - Pan Pacific Union
Folder 2 Paris National Library - Partello, J. M. F.
Folder 3 Pasteur Centenary - Paton, Stewart
Folder 4 Patten, Dr. William, 1911-1912
Folder 5 Patterson, Paul C. - Payne, R. T.
Folder 6 Peabody Museum - Peking Union College
Folders 7-8 Pell, Rev. Alfred Duane: Collection of, correspondence, and copy of will, 1914-1925. This collection of porcelain, furnishings, and objets de virtu is now in the National Museum of American History.
Folder 9 Pembroke College (Oxford)- Pennsylvania, University of
Folder 10 Perez, Gilbert S. - Perring, M. E.
Folder 11 Pestel, Arthur, 1920-1921
Folder 12 Peters, P. Igonda - Petrovich, Woislav M.
Folder 13 Pfeffer, David W. - photogrammetry
Folders 14-19 Smithsonian Physical Tables, correspondence, 1908-1913. In 1852 Arnold Guyot compiled a volume of meteorological tables based on observations collected by the Smithsonian. The work proved popular, and in 1890 Secretary Langley directed publication of separate meteorological, geographical, and physical tables. The first edition of the Physical Tables, prepared by Thomas Gray, appeared in 1897. This correspondence concerns a reprinting, with minor corrections, of that publication.
Folders 1-3 Smithsonian Physical Tables, 1914-1915, 1919-1923
Folder 4 Physikalische Zeitschrift - Plank, William C.
Folder 5 Plant Introduction Garden, Smithsonian as trustee, correspondence, 1916. In 1916 David Fairchild of the Department of Agriculture asked the Smithsonian to agree to act as trustee of a plant introduction garden, to be created from the lands of a donor (one Larrabee) in Bellingham, Washington. The Institution was receptive, but the plan never matured, for reasons not shown in these records.
Folder 6 Plummer, H. C. - Popular Radio
Folder 7 Porter, Carlos E. - Post, Melville D.
Folder 8 Potomac Electric Power Co., 1910-1911
Folders 9-14 John Wesley Powell Monuments, correspondence, 1909-April 1914. These records chiefly document unsuccessful efforts to erect a monument to Major John Wesley Powell, long-time director of the United States Geological Survey. The monument was to have stood at the brink of the Grand Canyon, which Powell had made famous during his exploration of the Colorado River from 1869 to 1872. There are sketches for a proposed monument, 1909-1910, as well as photographs of a monument erected to Powell in Arlington National Cemetery, but no correspondence concerning the latter.
Folder 1 John Wesley Powell Monuments, correspondence, May 1914-1915
Folder 2 John Wesley Powell Monuments, proposed sketches for a monument to Powell at the Grand Canyon, 1909-1910; includes undated photographs of a monument in Arlington National Cemetery.
Folder 3 Pressey, Henry A. - Proctor, William C.
Folder 4 Projectiles, experiments on, 1917-1918. Concerning work with Charles A. Junken of the Coast Artillery Board, including photographs.
Folder 5 Prosser, William S. - Putnam, Mrs. F. W.
Folder 6 G. P. Putnam's Sons and Knickerbocker Press - Rabola, Federico
Folders 7-8 Radio Programs at the Smithsonian, correspondence and scripts, 1923-1924. The Smithsonian seems to have begun its work with the so-called electronic media in 1923. Austin H. Clark of the National Museum staff organized the original effort and prepared a paper on potential uses of radio by museums, of which a copy is found here.
Folder 9 Rainey, Paul Jr., expedition to Africa, 1911-1915. Concerning Rainey's expedition to British East Africa, 1911-1912, accompanied by Edmund Heller, a collector for the Smithsonian.
Folder 10 Ralston, Samuel M. - Raurich, Salvador
Folders 11-12 Raven, Henry Cushier, 1912-1918
Folder 13 Raven, Henry Cushier, correspondence, 1918-1920. Raven, a collector for the Smithsonian Institution, apparently ran afoul of the draft laws because of his extended stay in Borneo. This correspondence deals with that episode and his subsequent return to the Pacific.
Folder 14 Rea, Kennedy F. - Rees, L.
Folders 15-16 Reese, Albert M., 1905-1922
Folder 1 Reese, Stanley C. - Republican National Committee
Folders 2-8 The Research Corporation, correspondence with Frederick G. Cottrell, February-December 1911, 1912-1918. Frederick Gardiner Cottrell approached the Smithsonian in 1911 and offered to give it certain income-producing patents for electrostatic precipitation processes. He had supposed that the Smithsonian could license the patents and apply the income to research. The Institution concluded that it could not hold the patents. Ultimately a corporation was created to administer the patents, and the Smithsonian's Secretary was made a member of its board.
Folders 9-14 Research Corporation, January-August, October-December 1912. Concerning the creation of the Corporation and its subsequent plans
Folder 15 Research, International Institute for, 1909-1910. Concerning the plans of Robert Wallace, Edinburgh University, to promote world peace
Folder 16 Research University, The, 1914-1920. Gertrude R. Brigham, once Walcott's secretary, misrepresented her association with the Smithsonian after leaving its employ, which the Institution sought to correct.
Folder 17 Resser, Charles E. - Richards, W. F.
Folder 1 Richardson, F. G. - Riggs National Bank
Folder 2 Riker, Carroll Livingston, 1912-1913
Folder 3 Riley, J. D. - Roberts, Alpheus J.
Folder 4 Roberts, Ernest W. - Robinson, Conway
Folder 5 Robinson, Doane - Rockefeller, John D., Jr.
Folder 6 Rockhill, William Woodville - Roe, Charles H.
Folder 7 Roebling, John A., 1920-1923. This correspondence deals largely with Roebling's gifts to support solar radiation research at the Smithsonian.
Folder 8 Roebuck, John R. - Ropes, E. E.
Folders 9-13 Roosevelt African Expedition, correspondence, June 1908-February 1909. Theodore Roosevelt invited the Smithsonian to send a naturalist along on his intended expedition to Africa. Finally three were sent: Edgar A. Mearns; Edmund Heller; and J. A. Loring. The party sailed from New York in March 1909 and disbanded at Khartoum in March 1910. The National Museum acquired about 1,000 skins of large mammals, 4,000 of small ones, and other specimens, totaling about 11,400 items.
Folders 1-15 Roosevelt African Expedition, correspondence, March 1909-1916. The post-1910 material largely discusses the work of preparing and mounting specimens, and of publishing reports.
Folder 16 Roosevelt African Expedition, photographs
Folder 17 Roosevelt African Expedition, miscellaneous
Folder 18 Roosevelt Memorial Association, 1919-1924
Folder 1 Rosa, E. B. - Rose, J. N.
Folder 2 Rosen, E. Von - Roth, Walter E.
Folder 3 Rothschild, Walter - Rowan, B. M.
Folder 4 Royal College of Sciences - Royal Society of London
Folder 5 Ruby, C. E. - Russell, Henry N.
Folder 6 Russian Academy of Sciences - Ryan, Clendenen J., Jr.
Folder 7 Sacco, Federico - Russell Sage Foundation
Folder 8 Sage, Mrs. Russell - Saint Chamas, Albert de
Folder 9 Saint Gaudens, Augustus - Saint Xavier's College Observatory
Folder 10 El Salvador, Republic of - Sands, Benjamin W.
Folder 11 Sanford and Treadway - Sarton, George
Folder 12 Savage, Leslie J. - Schern, Kurt
Folder 13 Scherzer, W. H., Glaciers of the Canadian Rockies, 1906-1907
Folder 14 Schmauss, A. - Schott, W. E.
Folder 15 Schramm, Jacob R., 1924. Concerning his proposed appointment as Assistant Secretary
Folder 16 Schreiner, George A., 1908. Proposing geological studies in Rhodesia
Folder 17 Schroeder, Edward August - Schroers, Jack D.
Folder 18 Schuchert, Charles, 1908-1923. Concerning geological topics
Folder 19 Schueren, H., 1910
Folder 20 Schultz, Alfred P. - Science Service
Folder 21 Scientific American, 1918-1922
Folder 1 Scientific Monthly - Seery, Francis J.
Folders 2-5 Seismological Institute, proposed, correspondence, 1907-1913. Concerning proposals to create a government agency to study seismic phenomena in the wake of the San Francisco earthquake.
Folder 6 Selective Service System - Shaw, Napier
Folder 7 Sheild, Marcellus C. - Shinn, Jesse F.
Folder 8 Shipler, Florence - Simpson, T. J.
Folder 9 Singer, Isidor - Smillie, Thomas William
Folder 10 Smith, A. D. - Smith, Edith M.
Folder 11 Smith, F. Carl - Smith, Harlan I.
Folder 12 Smith, Isaac A. 1920-1921
Folder 13 Smith, John Donnell - Smith, Walter I.
Folder 14 Smithers, Joseph P. - Smulyan, M. T.
Folder 1 Snare & Triest Co. - Soldan, Luis F. P.
Folder 2 Sollas, W. J. - Southern Printers Supply Co.
Folder 3 Spalding, James A. - Springer Edward L.
Folders 4-6 Springer, Frank, 1911-1924. An attorney and legislator in New Mexico, Springer also published research through the Smithsonian.
Folder 7 Springfield Institution for Savers- Statler Hotel
Folder 8 Stearns, Robert Edward Carter, 1911. Concerning posthumous publication of a bibliography of his works
Folder 9 Stebbins, Joel - Steinmann, G.
Folder 10 Stejneger, Leonhard, 1912-1922. Concerning his duties as head curator of the Department of Biology
Folder 11 Stephens, J. R. - Stephenson, Isaac
Folder 12 Sternberg, C. H. - Stetson, Harlan True
Folder 13 Stevens, Angus P., 1918-1923
Folder 14 Stevens, Elinor C. - Stodder, Frank W.
Folder 15 Stoelting Co., C. H. - Submarines
Folder 16 Sulgrave Institution, 1920-1922. The Institution was intended to promote Anglo-American relations.
Folder 1 Sulzer, William - Synthetic Aniline Chemicals Co.
Folder 2 Taft, William Howard - Tassin, Wirt
Folder 3 Tawney, James A. - Teller, Henry M.
Folder 4 Telluride Association, 1915-1916
Folder 5 Tennessee, University of - Thiman, Gunnar
Folder 6 Thiselton-Dyer, W. T. - Thomson, Elihu
Folder 7 Thorogood, B. K. - Todd, John B.
Folder 8 Todd, N. M. - Towne, Edward C.
Folder 9 Townsend, Charles H. T., 1907-1924
Folder 10 Trammell, Park - Trinity College
Folder 11 Trinity Community House drive, 1917-1919
Folder 12 Trippe, Philip Francis - Troy Budget
Folder 13 Tropical America, Institute for Research in, 1919-1922. Concerning the work of a predecessor of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
Folder 14 True, Webster Prentiss, 1913-1923. Concerning his duties as editor for the Smithsonian
Folder 15 Truman, O. H. - Turpain, Albert
Folder 16 Turpin, Perry B. - Tyson, Hobart
Folder 1 Ubett, Oscar R. - Union Line
Folder 2 Union Pacific System - Universal Culture Lyceum
Folder 3 Universal Film - Smithsonian African Expedition, 1920. In 1919 the Universal Film Manufacturing Co. and the Smithsonian agreed to jointly support an expedition to Africa. The expedition reached Capetown, South Africa, in August 1919. Edmund Heller, who had accompanied Theodore Roosevelt to Africa in 1908, was in charge of the expedition. It seems that control was in dispute, and actual control was exercised by representatives of the film company, who were more interested in salable film subject matter than in scientific work. The Smithsonian was unhappy with the quality of the work performed and separated itself from the results of the expedition so far as it could.
Folder 4 University Translators Bureau - Utley, M. H.
Folder 5 Vail, J. C. - Van Orstrand, C. E.
Folder 6 Van Rensselaer, Mrs. John King - Vaughan, G. W.
Folder 7 Vaughan, T. Wayland, 1911-1924. Correspondence discussing his work in association with the Smithsonian, especially geological and paleontological studies in the Panama Canal Zone during 1912, and its publication.
Folder 8 Vaux, George Jr. - Verge, Medora Ann
Folder 9 Very, Frank W. - Victoria (Australia) Public Library and Museum
Folder 10 Vienna Anthropology Society - Volta Bureau
Folder 11 Von Niessel, G., 1916-1917
Folder 12 Von Steuben statue - Voss, Mrs. M. W.
Folder 13 Wade, Frank B. - Wait, Wesley
Folder 14 Walcott, Charles D. and Mary Vaux, Research Fund, 1920-1922. A gift in trust created by Secretary and Mrs. Walcott to advance geological and paleontological research and publication at the Smithsonian.
Folder 15 Walcott, Mary Vaux; Sidney S.; Helen B. 1912-1924. Correspondence with the wife and children of Secretary Walcott.
Folder 16 Waldon, Sidney D., 1918. Concerning the early days of military aviation in the United States
Folder 17 Wales, National Museum of - Walker, Thomas B.
Folder 18 Wallis, A. H. - Walsh, Thomas J.
Folder 19 Waltham Watch Co., 1917-1923. Concerning the purchase of scientific equipment
Folder 20 Walton, Melville - Warner and Swazey
Folder 21 Warner, Langdon, 1913-1921. Correspondence concerning Warner's scientific and art collecting in the Orient
Folder 22 Warren, A. G. - Washburn, Owen R.
Folders 1-2 Washington Academy of Sciences, 1907-1922. Concerning its co-operation with the Smithsonian and its publications program
Folder 3 Washington, Aero Club of - Watkins, Francis B.
Folder 4 Watkins, John Elfreth, 1913-1917. Correspondence with Watkins during his career as a newsman and publicist. He later joined the National Museum staff and served for many years.
Folder 5 Watson and Sons, William - Wells Fargo and Co.
Folder 6 Welsh, Lilian - Werwinski, Ignatius K.
Folder 7 Wesley, William and Son, 1908-1920. The British agent for distributing Smithsonian publications
Folder 8 West, Clarence J. - Westland, A. B.
Folder 9 Weston Electric Co., 1913-1923
Folder 10 Weston, John B. - Weston, L. H.
Folder 11 Wetmore, Alexander, Table of Body Temperatures of Birds, 1920-1921. Wetmore later joined the Smithsonian and became its Secretary. This is an earlier work published while he served in the U. S. Department of Agriculture.
Folder 12 Wetmore, George P. - What Cheer Clay Products Co.
Folder 13 Wheeler, Arthur O., Canadian Expedition, 1911. Concerns an expedition sponsored by the Alpine Club of Canada to Yellowhead Pass, Mt. Robson, and the Jasper Park areas of the Canadian Rockies
Folder 14 Wheeler, E. B. - White, Ben T.
Folder 15 White, Charles A., 1907-1910
Folder 16 White, Charles E. - Wilkinson, Edith L.
Folder 17 Willey, Mrs. J. M. - Williams and Wilkins Co.
Folder 1 Williams Photographic Process, 1907-1912
Folder 2 Williamson, A. J. - Willige, J. Louis
Folders 3-4 Willis, Bailey, 1907-1914, 1916-1917
Folder 5 Willis, Frank B. - Winkhaus William
Folder 6 Wirt, H. C. - Wood, Carolena M.
Folder 7 Wood, Frank S. - Woods, Frank P.
Folder 8 Worcester Polytechnic Institute - Wurzlow, E. C.
Folders 9-11 Wyer, Samuel S., 1922-1925. Including some letters from Gifford Pinchot as Governor of Pennsylvania, addressed to "Dear Charley" (Walcott). This material concerns regulation of public utilities and includes publication.
Folder 12 Wymore, M. I., 1909
Folder 13 Yaeger, J. J. - Young, Fred E.
Folder 14 Young, George M. - Young, James Carleton
Folder 15 Young Men's Christian Association, 1908-1921
Folder 16 Young, Robert H. - Youths' Companion
Folder 1 Zahm, Albert F., 1910-1917. Zahm was a mechanical engineer and an amateur aviator of note. A friend of S. P. Langley, he continued his association with the Institution after Langley died and was active in efforts to prepare American aviation as World War I drew near.
Folder 2 Zalewski, Vincent - Zolinski, J. E.
Folders 3-6 Zoological Nomenclature, International Commission on, 1907-1917, 1919-1923. Concerning the work of this commission, which endeavors to assure uniformity and accuracy in zoological nomenclature
Series 2SMITHSONIAN ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICES, 1894-1926.
Records in this series are related to the operation of the Institution in all its aspects. They are arranged hierarchically, alphabetically, and chronologically thereunder.
Board of Regents
These records deal with routine administrative matters requiring attention of the Board: announcements of meetings, some Board minutes, replacement of members, and the like.
Folder 7 Choate, Charles F., Jr., 1908-1922
Folder 8 Cullom, Senator Shelbey M., 1908-1911
Folder 9 Delano, Frederic A., 1924
Folder 10 Fairbanks, Charles W., Vice-President, 1913, 1919
Folder 11 Gray, George, 1921
Folder 12 Henderson, John B., 1907-1910
Folder 13 Henderson, John B., Jr., 1912-1922
Folder 14 Lodge, Senator Henry Cabot, Sr., 1908-1921
Folder 15 Smoot, Senator Reed, 1911-1921
Folder 16-17 Board Meetings and correspondence, 1907-1908
Folders 1-11 Regents, board meetings and correspondence, 1909-1914
Folders 1-14 Regents, board meetings and correspondence, 1915-1922
Folders 1-4 Regents, board meetings and correspondence, 1923-1924
Office of the Secretary
Folders 5-14 Charles D. Walcott correspondence, 1907-1914
Folders 1-11 Walcott correspondence, 1915-March 1920
Folders 1-4 Walcott correspondence, April 1920-1924
Folder 5 Walcott, Liberty Loan Committee, 1917-1919
Folder 6 Walcott, League to Enforce Peace, 1916-1919. Concerning the work of a group that supported plans for a League of Nations after World War I had ended.
Folders 7-8 Office of the Secretary: Assistant Secretary for the Library and Exchanges; Adler, Cyrus, 1907-1923. Cyrus Adler held this post until he left to become president of Dropsie College in 1908. He and Walcott kept up a correspondence in the years that followed.
Folder 9 Abbot, Charles Greeley, as Assistant Secretary, 1918-1924. Abbot was appointed to this position in 1918.
Folder 10 Assistant Secretary and Director, United States National Museum, possible candidates, 1914-1923. Between 1914 and 1923 the Smithsonian considered several candidates for this post. Abbot had been made an Assistant Secretary in 1918, and another appointment was evidently considered but never made.
Folder 11 Chief Clerk, Harry W. Dorsey, 1907-1924
Folders 12-17 Disbursing Agent, Washington Irving Adams, 1907-1924
Folder 18 Disbursing Agent, Nicholas W. Dorsey, 1924
Folder 19 Smithsonian endowment funds, 1908-1924
Office of the Secretary
Folder 1 William W. Karr embezzlement. Smithsonian Institution v. W. J. Penn et al., 128 Tenn. Chan. 569 (1907)
Folder 2 Karr embezzlement, 1908
Folders 3-6 Auditor's report, 1906-1924
Folder 7 auditors' correspondence, 1906-1925
Folders 8-11 Plan of operations, 1908-1911
Folders 1-11 Plan of operations, 1912-1922
Folders 1-3 Plan of operations, 1923-1925
Folders 4-6 Annual Report, 1918-1924
Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections
Beginning in 1907, an attempt was made to produce a cheap version of the Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections in which contributors' papers would be published more quickly than in the regular edition. Presumably the plan was meant to improve chances of a writer's priority and so attract more contributors of original articles. From the correspondence it is clear that this effort did not work well, though there is no indication of when it was abandoned.
Folders 7-8 Quarterly edition, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, 1907-1908
Folders 9-14 Committee on printing and publications, reports and correspondence, 1907-1924. Concerning reports of the Smithsonian committee appointed to report on the quality of manuscripts submitted for publication.
Committee to Examine Business Methods
Secretary Walcott had served as chairman of the Board of Scientific Surveys and Commission on the Reorganization of the Scientific Work of the Government from 1903 to 1908 and was thus well aware of the interest in making government bureaus more efficient and economical. When he became Secretary in 1907, one of Walcott's first acts was to appoint a Committee to study the business methods of the Smithsonian. At the conclusion of its work the Committee issued a report recommending substantial changes in the Institution's procedures. This process was repeated in 1910 when Congress created the Commission on Economy and Efficiency in Government (q.v.), the Taft Commission, to carry out a similar evaluation throughout the federal government.
Folder 1 Minutes, 1907-1908
Folders 2-3 Correspondence, reports, 1907-1909
Folder 4 Method of paying freight charges, 1907-1908
In 1908 the Board of Regents decided to award a medal annually for especially meritorious investigations in aerodromics (now called aeronautics) and its application to aviation. Award of the medal became infrequent after a few years, and it is now awarded from time to time at the Regents' discretion.
Folder 5 General correspondence, 1908-1910
Folder 6 Award to the Wright brothers, 1908-1910
Folders 7-8 Langley Memorial Tablet, 1907-1911
Folder 9 Langley Memorial Tablet, correspondence with J. D. Lyon, 1911-1922
In 1914 the Smithsonian engaged Glenn H. Curtiss to repair and renovate the Langley aerodrome to determine if it could fly and, if so, to fly it. This Curtiss did, leading to an unhappy dispute with the Wright brothers over priority in building the first successful heavier-than-air craft.
Folders 10-12 Correspondence, 1908-1922. Includes blueprints, photographs
Smithsonian Scientific Series
In 1923 the Smithsonian approached William T. DeVan and his associates with a plan to produce a series of popular scientific books to be marketed by DeVan for the Smithsonian's benefit. The set, called the Smithsonian Scientific Series, became quite popular and produced substantial revenues before its discontinuance in the 1940s. Record unit 45 chronicles only the bare beginning of the effort; record unit 46 contains most of the records.
Folders 13-14 Correspondence, 1923-1924
Office of the Secretary
Folder 1 Smithsonian publicity, 1907-1910
Folder 2 Smithsonian, articles on the, 1907-1909
Folders 3-5 Renovation of the castle Great Hall, Smithsonian Building, 1912-1915
Folder 6 Fire protection, 1922-1924
Folder 7 Washington City Post Office, 1914-1924
Committee on Original Research at the Smithsonian
In 1922 the Secretary created a committee to review the state of scientific research at the Smithsonian. His aim was to consider how to improve the quality and scope of the Institution's research work, and to find more support for it as well. This effort may have been a precursor of the Conference on the Future of the Smithsonian held in 1926. It is more fully documented in record unit 46.
Folder 8 Correspondence, 1922
Folder 9 List of art objects and paintings in the collection, 1910. An inventory compiled by Paul Brockett
Folder 10 World War I relief activities
Folder 11 Status of collections, 1907-1908. Concerning the utility of preserving the distinction between gifts made to the Institution proper and those made to the National Museum.
Folder 12 Army surplus food supplies, 1916-1919
Office of the Secretary, Hodgkins Fund
The Hodgkins Fund was established by a gift from Thomas George Hodgkins, a reclusive English eccentric resident in the United States, for the study of the influence of the atmosphere on the well-being of humanity. The Smithsonian interpreted this charge with some freedom and used the income to support its research. The programs of the Astrophysical Observatory were often supported from this fund, although grants were also made to outside researchers. The following researchers received grants.
Folder 1 Abbe, Cleveland, "Mechanics of the Earth's Atmosphere," 1907-1910
Folders 2-3 Abbot, Charles G., Argentine solar observations, 1915-1916
Folders 4-6 Abbot, Charles G., Chilean solar observations, 1917-1924
Folder 7 Ames, J. S., 1909-1910
Folders 8-11 Angstrom, A. K., 1912-1916
Folder 12 Bradley, W. P., 1909
Folder 13 Brockett, Paul, "A Bibliography of Aeronautical Literature," 1907-1910
Folder 14 Cottrell, Frederick Gardiner, 1914-1916. Concerning his research on controlling industrial air pollution (see also "Cottrell" and "Research Corporation" in this finding aid.)
Hodgkins Fund Grants: Chile Observation Station
From 1918 to 1925 the Smithsonian maintained a solar observing station at Calama, Chile, as part of Charles G. Abbot's efforts to carry out widespread observations of solar radiation. It was largely supported by the Hodgkins Fund. This material covers its establishment, staffing, and operation.
Folder 1 Chile, embassy of, correspondence, 1917-1925.
Folder 2 Chile Exploration Co., 1918-1925
Folder 3 Clayton, Henry Helm, 1918-1921
Folder 4 Fowle, F. E., 1918
Folder 5 Freeman, Hugh B., 1925-1926
Folder 6 Grace & Co., W. H., 1917-1923
Folder 7 Greeley, Frederick A., 1923
Folder 8 Greeley, Paul, 1920-1923
Folder 9 Correspondence with Regents, 1917-1918
Folder 10 Wilson, George W., 1919-1920
Folder 11 Government departments, correspondence, 1916-1925
Folder 12 General correspondence, A-O
Folder 13 General correspondence, P-Z
Hodgkins Fund Grants: Harqua Hala Observatory
In 1920 Charles G. Abbot opened a solar observing station at Mount Harqua Hala near Wenden, Arizona. These records document its operation from 1920 to 1925.
Folder 14 Abbot, Charles Greeley, 1919-1924
Folder 15 Aldrich, Loyal B., 1920-1923
Folder 16 Freeman, Hugh B., 1924-1925
Folder 17 Greeley, Fred, 1920-1923
Folder 18 Greeley, Paul, 1923-1924
Folder 1 Hodgkins Fund grants: Harqua Hala Observatory, Harrington, E. C. 1921
Folder 2 Hoover, W. H., 1923
Folder 3 Matteson, J. E., 1921-1923
Folders 4-9 Moore, Alfred F., 1921-1924
Folder 10 United States government departments, 1920-1923
Folder 11 General correspondence, 1916-1925
The following records deal with specific grants made under the Hodgkins Fund.
Folder 12 Larsen, Alexander, 1907-1909. Concerning photographic studies of lightning
Folders 1-2 Larsen, Alexander, 1910-1913. Concerning photographic studies of lightning; includes photographs.
Folder 3 Leighton, L. M. "Rainwater Absorption of Soluble and Insoluble Components of the Air," 1909-1910
Folder 4 McAdie, Alexander, "A Study of the Sea Breeze," 1917
Folders 5-8 Manly, Charles Matthews, part II of S. P. Langley's Memoir on Mechanical Flight, 1907-1917
Folders 9-12 Mount Whitney station, 1908-1913
Folders 13-14 Mount Wilson solar observatory, 1909-1913, 1920-1923
Hodgkins Fund grants
Folder 1 Nichols, E. L., "Experiments on the Properties of Matter at the Temperature of Liquid Air," 1907-1917
Folders 2-3 Ritter, Wolfgang, "The Flying Apparatus of the Blowfly," 1907-1911
Folder 4 Rotch, Abbott Lawrence, balloon experiments in the isothermal layer, 1907-1908
Folder 5 Wetmore, Alexander, studies of bird temperatures, 1919
Folder 6 Whitehead, John B., research on the electric strength of air, 1910
Folder 7 Correspondence with Williams and Wilkins, printers, 1907-1909
In conjunction with an international congress on tuberculosis held at Washington in 1908, the Smithsonian offered the Hodgkins Tuberculosis Essay Prize from the Hodgkins Fund for the best essays on the relationship between atmospheric air and tuberculosis. These records, though incomplete, document that effort.
Folder 1 Administrative correspondence, William deC. Ravenel, 1908
Folders 2-4 Administrative correspondence, February 1908-1913
Folder 5 Conference programs, 1908
Folder 6 Dr. Samuel Bernheim, "Contribution a l'Etude des relations des microbes de l'Air avec les Maladies tansmissibles et particulierement la Tuberculose Sterilisation de l'Air," n.d.
Folder 7 Dr. Isaac Heysinger, "The Atmosphere of the Earth, and the Atmospheres of the other Planets, of the Sun, the Stars and other Bodies of Space; Their Origin, Composition, Functions and Permanent Maintenance, as related to the Source and Mode of All Solar Energy Throughout the Universe," 1894
Folders 8-10 Prize correspondence, Abeling-Ellingwood
Folders 1-15 Hodgkins Tuberculosis Essay Prize corresondence, Esmorin-Woods
The Astrophysical Observatory had been established by Samuel P. Langley in 1891 to carry out studies in the "new astronomy. " Charles G. Abbot served as Langley's chief aide and succeeded him as director of the SAO at Langley's death in 1906. Abbot had early become interested in topics related to solar radiation, such as determining the solar constant. These records chiefly deal with a search for sites from which to prosecute that research, and with the research actually undertaken.
Folders 1-4 Director's reports and correspondence with the Secretary, 1907-1917
Folder 5 Charles Greeley Abbot and a projected station in Mexico, 1910-1911
Folder 6-7 Abbot's solar eclipse expedition to Algeria, 1911-1912
Folder 1 Flint Island, eclipse of the sun, 1907-1908
Folders 2-3 Instruments, 1908-1922
Folder 4 Storage battery, 1908-1909
Folder 5 Funding proposal to Carnegie Corporation, 1920
Folder 6 Pyrheliometer studies at Mt. Wilson, California, and Omaha, Nebraska, 1914-1915
Folder 7 Aldrich, Loyal B., 1910-1924
In 1871 James Hamilton of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, bequeathed $1,000.00 to the Smithsonian for the support of lectures, a medal, or other means of advancing scientific or useful studies. Income from this fund was added to the principal until it had doubled. Then the Institution used it to support a number of lectures, given irregularly, for a period of years.
Folder 8 White, Andrew D., 1905, "The Diplomatic Service of the United States, with Some Hints Toward Its Reform"
Folder 9 Hale, George Ellery, 1907-1908, "Some Recent Contributions to Our Knowledge of the Sun"
Folder 10 Roosevelt, Theodore, 1915 (declined)
Folder 11 Jefferson, Charles Edward, "The Old Order and the New", 1920
Folder 12 Hoover, Herbert, and others, 1920 (declined)
Folder 13 Hedin, Sven, untitled lecture on Tibetan manuscripts
Folders 14-15 Correspondence, 1909-1920
Bureau of American Ethnology
The Bureau of American Ethnology was created in 1879, when the Smithsonian was given charge of anthropological surveys and research formerly carried out under the Department of the Interior. These records document the Bureau's work and refer to a controversy between Secretary Charles D. Walcott and W. J. McGee and Franz Boas.
Folders 1-2 Ethnologist-in-charge, Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1910
Folder 3 General correspondence, 1906-1914
Folder 4 Boas, Franz and Mcgee, William John, controversy with, 1909-1910. Concerning problems about the administration of BAE funds
United States National Museum
The records of the United States National Museum in record unit 45 are a small part of the records present in the Archives. Users are referred to separate record units described in the Guide to the Smithsonian Archives for more complete information. These records document administrative detail in the Museum and demonstrate the close working relationship that seems to have existed among Secretary Walcott; Richard Rathbun, assistant secretary in charge of the USNM; and Frederick W. True, assistant secretary in charge of the Library and Exchanges. This material concerns the routine operations of the Museum.
Folders 5-13 Rathbun, Richard, 1907-1918
Folders 14-17 True, Frederick William, 1907-1913
Folder 1-3 United States National Museum: True, Frederick William, 1916
William deC. Ravenel was appointed administrative assistant in charge of the National Museum in 1902 and served in that capacity throughout the period covered by these records, which concern routine office duties.
Folders 4-14 Correspondence, 1907, 1909-1924
National Gallery of Art
A gallery of art within the Smithsonian Institution was authorized by the organic act of 1846. Nothing significant was done in this area until 1906, when a decision of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia held that the Institution could accept a bequest from Harriet Lane Johnston of her art collection, which became the nucleus of the present-day Smithsonian American Art Museum. (See entries under this heading in the Archives' Guide.) These records document the establishment of the Gallery, including some case records of D. K. Este Fisher et al. v. Harriet Lane Home for Invalid Children of Baltimore et al. They are largely concerned with efforts to use the occasion of the Johnston and the Charles L. Freer gifts (described elsewhere in this finding aid) as a means of gaining a federal appropriation for an art gallery building.
Folder 15 Fisher et al. v. Harriet Lane Home et al., 1895-1905 Briefs, motions, supporting evidence for the case
Folder 16 Proposed plan for location of a National Gallery of Art, N.D.
Folders 17-18 Correspondence, 1907-1908
Folders 1-8 National Gallery of Art, correspondence, May 1908-1924
Folder 9 Fund drive to produce architectural plans for a National Gallery, 1923-1924
Folder 10 Plans and photographs
Folder 11 National Gallery of Art Commission, minutes, 1921-1924
Folders 12-13 National Gallery of Art Commission, correspondence, 1920-1924
Folder 14 Ward African Collection, 1922
Freer Gallery of Art
Charles Lang Freer, a founder of Parke-Davis Co. and a renowned connoisseur of oriental art, first offered his art collection, a sum to build a building for it, and additional funds as an endowment, in 1906. The Institution was, for reasons never very clear, at first disinclined to accept it. However, after a virtual command from President Theodore Roosevelt to do so, the Regents approved Freer's offer. These records deal with the original reluctance to accept the gift; settlement of the estate on Freer's death in 1919; diversification of the endowment from Parke-Davis stock; construction of the building; and selection of a director and curatorial staff.
Folder 1 Freer Gallery of Art, Alger, George W., correspondence, 1910-1916. Alger was one of Freer's assistants at his Detroit office.
Folder 2 Bishop, Carl W., correspondence, 1921-1924. Bishop was an associate curator at the Freer and led a collecting expedition to China in 1923 in collaboration with the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Folders 3-5 Detroit Trust Co., correspondence, 1919-1924. The Trust Company was a co-executor of the Freer will.
Folders 6-9 Freer, Charles Lang, correspondence, 1904-1914. Freer's correspondence documents his plans for his gallery, with which he remained intimately associated until his death in 1919.
Folders 1-3 Freer Gallery of Art, Freer correspondence, 1915-1920, including a few letters between Walcott and Freer's brother, Watson.
Folder 4 Fuller Co., George A., correspondence, 1916-1921
Folder 5 Guest, Grace D., correspondence, 1922-1924. Guest was an assistant curator at the Freer during this period.
Folders 6-7 Hecker, Frank J., correspondence, 1911, 1919-1924. Hecker was one of the co-executors of the Freer will, and this material all relates to the administration of the estate.
Folder 8 Hwang Chung Huei, correspondence, 1915-1923. Concerning disputed ownership of an ancient Chinese musical instrument
Folder 9 Kelsey, Francis W., correspondence, 1920-1923. Concerning the publication of certain Syriac New Testament manuscripts purchased by Freer
Folder 10 Lodge, John E., correspondence, 1919-1924. Correspondence with Lodge about organizing the Freer and, after his appointment, his administration of it as director.
Folder 11 Lodge, John E., correspondence, 1920
Folders 12-13 Platt, Charles A., correspondence, 1913-1917. Discussing plans for designing and building of the Freer Gallery; includes a drawing.
Folders 1-7 Freer Gallery of Art, Platt, Charles A., correspondence, 1917-1921, 1923-1924
Folders 8-10 Rathbun, Richard, correspondence, 1906-1918. Rathbun was assistant secretary in charge of the United States National Museum and helped plan for the new Freer Gallery building. He was heavily involved in all aspects of planning until his death in 1918, when he was replaced by William deC. Ravenel (q.v.).
Folders 1-2 Freer Gallery of Art, Ravenel, William deC., correspondence, 1912-1921. Ravenel, Administrative Assistant for the National Museum, was much involved in preparation of the Freer Gallery.
Folder 3 Roosevelt, Theodore, correspondence, 1905-1906. Including a letter of December 19, 1905, urging acceptance of the gift.
Folders 4-5 Regents' correspondence, A-Z
Folders 6-9 Rhoades, Katharine N., correspondence, 1919-1924. Rhoades was a long-time assistant and factotum to Freer and continued her association with the Gallery when it was established. These records document her role in the early days of the enterprise.
Folder 10 Thayer, Gerald H., correspondence, 1919-1924. Concerning Thayer's self-portrait commissioned by Freer shortly before his death, and delivered to the Freer Gallery in 1921 after Thayer's own death.
Folder 11 Union Trust Co., correspondence, 1904-1924
Folders 12-14 Walcott, Charles D., correspondence, 1909-1916. Walcott inherited the Freer project from Secretary Langley and brought it to completion. This correspondence illustrates his efforts to develop a good working relationship with Freer, who in fact notably enlarged the scope of the gift, both in terms for the collection and in funds to construct the gallery, before his death.
Folders 1-3 Freer Gallery of Art, Walcott, Charles D., correspondence, 1917-1923
Folders 4-16 General alphabetic correspondence file
Folder 17 Federal income tax, remission of, 1916-1925. Concerning plans to relieve Freer's inter vivos and, later, testamentary gifts, from federal income tax.
Folder 18 Loan to close Freer estate, 1921-1922. Discusses the means used to pay Michigan estate taxes, close the estate, discharge its executors, and complete delivery of the gift to the Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
Folder 1 Freer Gallery of Art, Parke-Davis stock transactions, 1919-1923
Folder 2 Gallery opening, 1922-1923. Plans for celebrating the gallery's formal opening.
Folder 3 Gallery opening. Invitation lists used.
Folders 4-6 Inventory of Freer gift
Folder 7 Plans of proposed Freer Gallery (oversize, removed to Box 107)
Folder 1 Freer Gallery of Art, abstracts of documents and correspondence about the building, 1905-1917
Folder 2 Abstracts of architect's payment certificates, 1916-1921
Folders 3-5 Construction photographs, 1916, 1918
Folder 6 Construction company change orders, circa 1917
Folder 7 News clippings, offer and acceptance of the gift, 1904-1905
Folder 8 News clippings: first limited exhibit, 1912; Freer Gallery opening, 1919
National Zoological Park
The National Zoological Park was created by an act of Congress in 1889. See record unit 74 for a full account of its origin and growth.
Folders 1-4 Dr. Frank Baker, Superintendent, 1914-1916. These records deal with park administration and also document the decision to replace Baker in 1916.
Folder 5 Ned Hollister, Superintendent, 1912-1924. Concerning in particular his superintendency from 1916 to 1924
Folder 6 Ned Hollister, superintendent, miscellaneous receipts, 1920-1924
Folder 7 Alexander Wetmore, Superintendent, 1924. Wetmore succeeded Hollister on the latter's sudden death in 1924.
Folders 8-10 F. W. True files on the Park, 1912-1914. Concerning construction and improvements
Folders 11-12 Land acquisition, 1907-1920
Folder 13 Hannah Jackson v. Frank Baker, Superintendent of the National Zoological Park, 1908
Folder 14 Frank Baker, The National Zoological Park and its Inhabitants, 1915
Folders 15-18 general correspondence, 1907-1910
Folders 1-5 National Zoological Park, general correspondence, 1911-1924
Folder 6 Guide books, 1921-1924
Folder 7 Boundary changes, 1923-1925
Folder 8 D.C. Board of Commissioners, 1914-1924
Series 3RECORDS RELATED TO CABINET DEPARTMENTS AND OTHER GOVERNMENT OFFICES, 1902-1926.
Here follow records of Smithsonian dealings with the Executive Office of the President, then with cabinet offices, and with other government agencies. Topics deal with matters affecting routine administration such as communicating presidential proclamations, releasing employees early on summer Saturdays, approving released time for attendance at encampments and parades of the Grand Army of the Republic, and the like. The records are arranged by office, and alphabetically thereunder.
President of the United States
Folder 9 Roosevelt, Theodore, 1902-1906
Folder 10 Roosevelt, Theodore, 1907-1908
Folders 11-13 Taft, William Howard, 1909-1913
Folders 14-17 Wilson, Woodrow, 1913-1921. Includes a 1913 reference to Langdon Warner's trip to China (q.v.)
Folder 18 Harding, Warren G., 1921-1923
Folder 19 Coolidge, Calvin, 1923-1924
Congress created the Commission on Economy and Efficiency in Government, the so-called Taft Commission, in 1910 to study the business methods of government offices. The Smithsonian had already carried out a similar study of its own--see the Committee to Examine Business Methods in this record unit--but was also included in the 1910 study. Related material can be found in the Smithsonian records at the National Archives (RG 5).
Folders 1-5 Executive Office of the President: Taft Commission on Economy and Efficiency in Government, 1910-1913
Bureau of the Budget
Folders 6-7 Apportionments and obligations, 1921-1922
Folders 1-2 Bureau of the Budget: apportionments and obligations, 1922-1924
Folder 3 Disbursements, 1921-1922
Folder 4 Expenditures, 1922-1923
Folder 5 Expenditure classification, 1922-1923
Folder 6 Expenditure estimates, FY 1925 and 1926
Folder 7 Supplemental deficiency estimates, 1922
Folder 8 Bonuses for fiscal years 1923-1924
Folder 9-10 Chief Co-ordinator for General Supply, 1921-1922, 1924
Folder 11 Interdepartmental Board of Contracts & Adjustments, 1921-1924
Folders 12-13 Director of the Budget Bureau, 1922-1924
Folders 14-15 Federal Traffic Board, 1921-1924
Folders 1-3 Telephone service, 1921-1924
Folder 4 Meetings of heads of executive departments 1921-1923
Department of Agriculture
Folder 5 Bureau of Animal Industry, 1913-1924
Folder 6 Biological Survey, 1908-1922
Folder 7 Bureau of Chemistry, 1909-1914
Folder 8 Bureau of Entomology, 1907-1917
Folder 9 Experiment Stations Office, 1907-1910
Folder 10 Chief Clerk, 1912-1922
Folder 11 Forest Service, 1907-1924
Folder 12 Library, 1910-1924
Folder 13 Bureau of Plant Industry, 1910-1926
Folder 14 Bureau of Public Roads, 1911-1916
Folder 15 Secretary's Office, 1909-1923
Folder 16 Soils Division, 1912-1913
Folders 17-19 Weather Bureau, 1907-1924
Department of Commerce
Folder 1 Bureau of the Census, 1906-1923
Folder 2 Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1910-1924
Folder 3 Bureau of Fisheries, 1907-1924
Folder 4 Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce 1916-1923
Folder 5 Light House Board, 1908-1909
Folder 6 Secretary's Office, 1908-1926
Folders 7-8 Bureau of Standards, 1908-1924
Department of the Interior
Folder 9 Office of the Chief Clerk, 1910-1920
Folders 10-13 Bureau of Education, 1907-1924
Folder 14 General Land Office, 1911-1920
Folders 15-16 Geographic Board, United States, 1910-1918
Folders 1-4 Geological Survey, 1907-1908, 1910-1924
Folders 5-8 Office of Indian Affairs, 1904-1924
Folder 9 Interdepartmental Patents Board, 1922
Folder 10 Interdepartmental Transportation Committee, 1915-1922
Folder 11 Bureau of Mines, 1913-1920
Folder 12 National Park Service, 1915-1924
Folder 13 Pension Bureau, 1924
Folder 14 Publications Clerk, 1911-1914
Folder 15 Reclamation Service, 1908-1917
Folders 16-19 Office of the Secretary, 1908-1913, 1915-1924
Department of Justice
Folder 1 Attorney General, 1907-1924
Folder 2 Legal opinions, 1918-1924
Department of Labor
Folder 3 Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1918-1922
Folder 4 Immigration Service, 1908-1924
Folder 5 Office of the Secretary, 1914-1918
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
In 1913 Secretary Walcott proposed to reopen the aeronautical laboratory which the Smithsonian had operated during the tenure of his predecessor, Samuel P. Langley, and which had been closed by his death in 1906. An advisory panel was created and held its first meeting in May 1913. The Smithsonian planned to operate the Laboratory in conjunction with interested civilian and military departments of the government, as well as private persons and firms, on a cost-recoverable basis. A committee composed of Smithsonian, governmental, and private representatives was set up to direct the laboratory. The laboratory did manage to oversee the retesting of the Langley aerodrome by Glenn H. Curtiss in 1915, a matter of some controversy at the time. As war broke out in Europe, however, concern for the state of American aeronautics led to the creation of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in 1915 by act of Congress. It included most of the members of the older committee but added numerous others as well. The newer body was more concerned with practical issues of the time, especially so once America entered World War I. The records of the original Smithsonian group are included with those of NACA in the interest of completeness, and because it does seem to have been the parent of the later body. NACA dealt with the issues of industrial readiness; education in aeronautics; production of aircraft for the war effort; and related policy issues in the aeronautical field. The first committee members were Brig. Gen. George P. Scriven, H. C. Richardson, Joseph S. Ames, Captain M. L. Bristol, Michael I. Pupin, Lt. Col. Samuel Reber, S. W. Stratton, and Charles D. Walcott.
Folders 6-14 Executive committee minutes, 1915-1924
Folder 15 Minutes of annual and semiannual meetings, 1915-1924
Folder 16 Subcommittees, 1917-1921
Folder 17 Documentary history, ca. 1915
Folders 1-4 NACA, appropriations and expenditures, 1916-1924
Folders 5-14 Correspondence, June 1913-1917
Folders 1-7 NACA, correspondence, 1918-1924
Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory
For an explanation of the Laboratory's origins, see the note on the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics, box 94. The original members of the Laboratory board were Captain W. I. Chambers, Glenn H. Curtiss, John Hays Hammond, Jr., W. J. Humphreys, H. C. Richardson, Major Edgar Russell, Brig. Gen. George Scriven, S. W. Stratton, Charles D. Walcott, Albert F. Zahm, and Orville Wright.
Folder 8 Advisory committee minutes, 1913
Folder 9 Committee reports, 1913
Folder 10 Committee reports, "Aerodromics" v. "Aeronautics" 1913
Folder 11 Miscellaneous papers, 1913-1915
Folders 1-16 Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory, A - T, 1913-1916
Folders 1-4 Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory, U - Z, 1913-1915
Folder 5 Zahm, A. F., 1913-1915
Department of the Navy
Folder 6 Hydrographic Office, 1918-1924
Folders 7-8 Naval Observatory, 1903-1924
Folder 9 Office of the Secretary, 1917-1924
Folder 10 Washington Navy Yard, 1908, 1918-1924
Post Office Department
Folder 11 Post Office Department, Chief Clerk, 1911-1921
Folder 12 Mail bag repair shop, 1907-1917
Folders 13-15 Postmaster General, 1907-1916, 1918-1923
Folders 16-17 Purchasing Agent, 1907-1924
Folder 1 Consular Service, 1918-1923
Folders 2-6 Correspondence, 1907-1922
Folder 7 Office of the Secretary, 1919-1924
Department of the Treasury
Folder 8 Auditor for State and other Departments, 1907-1921
Folder 9 Bookkeeping and Warrants Division, 1919-1921
Folders 10-11 Comptroller of the Treasury, 1907-1922
Folder 1 Treasury Department, J. E. Maulding report on Smithsonian financial accountability, 1919-1924
Folder 2 Disbursing account acknowledgments, 1907-1913
Folder 3 Internal Revenue, Commissioner, 1918-1921
Folder 4 Mint, Bureau of the, 1909-1924
Folder 5 Printing and Engraving, Bureau of, 1909-1924
Folders 6-7 Public Health Service, United States, 1907-1924
Folder 8 Receipts and expenditures, 1907-1914
Folder 9 Retirement system, Smithsonian, 1920-1924
Folder 10 Savings Division, 1921-1922
Folders 11-12 Office of the Secretary, 1907-1912
Folders 1-2 Treasury Department, Office of the Secretary, 1913-1924
Folder 3 Personnel Classification Board, 1923-1924
Folder 4 Veterans Bureau, 1922
Folder 5 Adjutant General's Office, 1909-1924
Folder 6 Air Service, 1917-1923
Folder 7 Chief Clerk, 1915, 1918
Folder 8 Chief of Engineers Office, 1917-1920
Folder 9 Chief of Staff, 1915-1916
Folder 10 Miscellaneous bureaus, 1908-1922
Folder 11 Public Buildings and Grounds Office, 1907-1924
Folder 12 Quartermaster General, 1911-1923
Folder 13 Signal Officer, Office of Chief, 1908-1922
Folder 14 Surgeon General, 1919
Folder 15 Translation Section, 1915-1919
Folders 16-17 Temporary building, 1917-1923
Congress of the United States
Here follow records of Smithsonian dealings with the various committees of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Researchers may also find it useful to consult records of the Regents (boxes 61-63 in this record unit and record unit 1), for more information on congressional Regents.
Folder 1 Appropriations Committee, 1920
Folder 2 Civil Service Committee reclassification of employees, 1919-1923
Folder 3 Finance Committee, 1910-1918
Folder 4 Indian Affairs Committee, 1916
Folder 5 Standards, Weights, and Measures Committee, 1914-1920
Folders 6-8 Document Room, 1907-1922
Folder 9 Privileges of the floor, 1921
Folder 10 Secretary of the Senate, 1908-1924
House of Representatives
Folder 11 Accounts Committee, 1920
Folders 12-13 Appropriations Committee, 1907-1924
Folder 14 Claims, Committee on, 1921
Folder 15 Clerk's Office, 1916-1924
Folder 16 District of Columbia Committee, 1908-1920
Folders 17-18 Other committees of the House, 1908-1912
Folders 1-2 Other committees of the House, 1913-1917
Folder 3 Typewriter statements, 1914-1924
Folder 4 Document Room, 1918-1924
Folder 5 Travel statements, 1917-1924
Folder 6 Library Committee, 1922-1923
Folder 7 Publications statements, 1920-1924
Folder 8 Speaker, 1918-1921
Joint Congressional Committees
Folders 9-11 Joint Committee on Printing, 1907-1924
Folder 12 Printing Investigation Committee, 1911-1914
Folders 1-3 Joint Committee on Reclassification of Salaries, 1919-1920
Other Federal Offices
Folder 4 Federal Trade Commission, 1918
Folder 5 Government Accounting Office, 1916-1924
Government Printing Office
Folders 6-9 Public Printer, allotments, 1913-1917
Folder 10 Public Printer, American Historical Association, 1907-1925
Folders 11-12 Public Printer, statements of appropriations 1918-1922
Folder 13 Public Printer, Astrophysical Observatory, 1914-1922
Folder 14 Public Printer, Congressional Directory, 1921-1923
Folder 15 Public Printer, National Gallery of Art, plates used in publications, 1920-1924
Folders 16-17 Public Printer, plates used in Smithsonian publications, 1907-1919
Folders 1-3 Requisitions on the Public Printer, 1908-1924
Folders 4-9 Requisitions on the Public Printer Ethnology, 1907-1914, 1916-1917
Folders 10-11 Public Printer, Secretary's annual reports, 1906-1921
Folder 1 Public Printer, Secretary's annual reports, 1922-1924
Folders 2-4 Public Printer, general correspondence, 1906-1907, 1910-1911, 1917-1922
Folders 5-8 Superintendent of Documents, 1918-1924
District of Columbia Government
The Smithsonian naturally had many dealings with the local government of the District of Columbia. They can best be traced under specific topics such as, for example, the operation of the National Zoological Park.
Folder 9 Assessor's Office, 1915
Folder 10 Commissioners of the District of Columbia, 1909-1917
Folder 11 General correspondence, A-C
Folder 12 General correspondence, D-Z
Folder 1 (formerly in Box 1, Folder 4): Acerboni, C., 1910 - 4 Automotive drawings
Folder 2 (formerly in Box 11, Folder 6): Cinchona Botanical Station, 1915-1923 - Indenture
Folder 3 (formerly in Box 11, Folder 13): Claras, Georges - Schenkung & Wersugung
Folder 4 (formerly in Box 25, Folder 13): George Washington Memorial Association, Printed Matter: Pamphlets, Brochures, Programs - Auditorium designs
Folder 5 (formerly in Box 85, Folder 7): Freer Gallery of Art - Plans of Proposed Freer Gallery.
Series 4CARD INDEXES TO CORRESPONDENCE.
Bound Volumes of Card Indexes
Using the Archives' Collections
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