The Bigger Picture: Visual Archives and the Smithsonian
Posts tagged with: Flickr Commons
In celebration of 5 years of the Flickr Commons, peruse a set of the most popular photographs on Flickr to date.
Today marks five years of the Flickr Commons, an online space for cultural heritage institutions to post historic photographs, and other images, with the "no known copyright restrictions" terms. Library of Congress was the first to make their mark on the Commons. We follwed 6 months later in June 2008. It's been immensely satisfying to get to know visitors, see what they dig up about our collections, and after 5 years, observe the dedication people show in helping us do some of the work we frankly don't have time and/or resources to get to. Specifically, two recent comments helped us identify faces in our collections.
The first identification happened in September 2012, nearly a year after we uploaded a picture of Agnes Mary Claypole Moody. A timely comment from Flickr user, Elliot20122012, gave us evidence supporting previous comments made pointing to Moody. It turns out Elliot20122012 had been in touch with a descendant of Clarypole Moody’s, Kate Moody, who sent Elliot20122012 a photo of the Claypole sisters in 1898. Elliot20122012 shared the photo with us and alas, a match was made.
Agnes Mary Claypole Moody (1870-1954), was a zoologist and professor of natural science, and Edith Jane Claypole (1870-1915) was also a biologist. According to Caltech’s website, when the California Institute of Technology was known as the Throop University vocational school in 1898, Edward Waller Claypole was their geology and biology instructor. He had twin daughters, Agnes and Edith, who earned their Masters of Science; Edith in 1893 with a thesis on the blood cells of amphibians and Agnes in 1894 with a thesis on the digestive tract of eels. In 1898, Agnes Mary Claypole wrote a book called, “The embryology and oögenesis of Anurida maritime" (Anurida maritima is a wingless animal found in water).
When Edward Waller Claypole died in 1901, both daughters were hired on at Throop University to teach in his place. In 1903-4, Agnes M. Claypole was Professor of Natural Science and Curator, the first female biology professor at Throop. After a year on the job, she married Robert O. Moody, and moved to northern California where she later joined the faculty at Mills College.
The second identification happened just the end of last week. We had posted a set of images from the Scopes "Monkey Trial" in January, 2010. We knew the identity of the man on the right to be William Silverman, the father of the donor of the collection, Henrietta Jenrette. However, we didn't know the name of his teacher who had accompanied him to the trial.
Jenrette contacted us after finding his photograph in the 1925 and 1922 Chattanooga Hight School yearbooks with a match. There's no mistaking the face of Creed F. Bates, Jr., aka "the living Dynamo of Chattanooga High School," as the senior class of 1925 affectionately called him.
Jenrette commented, "Isn't the Internet wonderful?" Actually, we think the people who give their time to helping us learn about our collections are wonderful. It is satisfying to see an unidentified person become a complete composition with a history and a name. This is the power of the crowd, and we thank you!
There is a dedicated team of people at the Smithsonian's Archives and the National Museum of Natural history who are digitizing and describing field books which document the collecting of biological specimens. As they are creating descriptions and images in order to make these fieldbooks more widely available, they are also shedding light on the personal stories of the people behind the research. These are some stories you can read about in our most recent set of Flickr Commons images.
Through the field notes of mammalogist Vernon Orlando Bailey, we learn about a biologist who balanced his desire to study the natural world with a dedication to the humane treatment of his animal subjects which is sweetly illustrated in his poem about an encounter with a Bobbity mouse.
We peek into the fascinating life of Lucile Mann, wife of former Smithsonian National Zoo Director William Mann, who sometimes accompanied her husband on collecting expeditions. Lucile Mann had a background in military intelligence and writing and her skills (and sense of humor) are apparent in this scrapbook of a collecting expedition to Argentina.
If you’re simply in search of something pleasing to the eye, then check out the beautiful drawings of fish specimen from the United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842), and these jade samples from a survey of jade conducted in Central America, circa 1949.
What do cocktails, lion cubs, and costinika have in common? These are all things that can be found in the latest batch of images contributed to Flickr Commons from Field Books held in our collections. There’s also an itinerary from an F.D.R. presidential cruise in 1938, and an overly adorable primate cuddling a tiger cub.
There are always wonderful surprises to be had in these diaries that document scientific expeditions, and the project team writes about the gems on their blog. And in case you didn’t know (I didn’t), costinika is a plant that apparently makes a fine jelly.
Just two weeks ago, I had the opportunity to attend the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Society of American Archivists. Sporting the theme “Beyond Borders,” I was impressed by the recent transformation in how archives and archivists “do business”—how the technological and digital border has for the most part disappeared.
Five years ago, the handful of conference sessions talking about digital records focused on how to capture and preserve born-digital records. This year, most sessions touched on digitization and digital records not as a novelty topic, but as one of today’s facts of life. History and access to it is happening in the digital realm, and archivists around the globe have embraced the Internet’s potential to enhance and expand the ways their organizations deliver services on a daily basis.
Then and now on my phone. Today, people are searching archival collections with their smartphones, accessing primary sources through “wired” devices they carry with them almost everywhere. In many cases, visitors are using the web browsers on their phones to visit an archives website or review the RSS feed from its blog. Mobile apps are starting to roll out. Photos from the Smithsonian Institution Archives collections can be accessed through the Historypin app (you can also see our photos on the Historypin website). You can plot the images on a map, use an embedded Google Street View to superimpose the historic photograph on the location in real time, and contribute your own stories about that particular place.
Going where the people go. More and more, archives, museums and libraries are establishing a presence at popular online social media sites. In places like Flickr, Facebook, and Twitter, they proactively call attention to the rich body of primary source materials in their permanent collections. Some have begun to engage with Wikipedians enhance and expand content related to their collection. Several Wikipedia editing events have been held at the Smithsonian, including our own recent edit-a-thon “She Blinded Me With Science: Smithsonian Women in Science." We are planning another event with the Archives of American Art and other Smithsonian groups for mid-October in honor of the “Wikipedia Loves Libraries” initiative.
Relevant connections. Has someone ever told you about something they’ve just discovered? The connections other researchers have made with a particular set of historical records can stir up new ideas and point to new areas to focus on. Some of the best archival blogs do just that, sharing the stories of people making connections with rich research material relevant to their field of study. In our own case, Archives’ research associate Marcel LaFollette ran across previously unpublished photos from the famous Scopes Monkey Trial, and she and our staff blogged about these finds here on The Bigger Picture. The trial photo set we shared on Flickr have been viewed over a 107,000 times, and people who were actually at the trial have contacted us to share their personal experience of the event.
Conversations enrich collections. Something archives have known for a long time is changing the way we learn more about our special collections. That secret: we are not the only experts. “Crowdsourcing” is another way archives and libraries are inviting others to contribute their own expertise or even simply their interest to enrich parts of their collections. Maybe you took part in New York Public Library’s “What’s On the Menu?” transcription project? It’s still going on with over one million dishes on over 15,000 menus transcribed so far!
These are just some of the huge and valuable changes occurring in Archives worldwide. Are there any issues we’ve missed or innovative archives projects you’d like to share? Please let us know in the comments below.
You are probably familiar with the plethora of no-known-copyright photos that many museums and research units from across the Smithsonian post on the Smithsonian Flickr Commons. The Smithsonian has now been on the Commons for over four years, and we’ve enthusiastically taken in all of your comments, identifications of images, and favorites of our photos.
Here at the Archives, we both manage the Smithsonian Flickr Commons, and enjoy contributing our own collections to the Commons as well. Because of this, we eagerly drop in from time to time into our statistics to see what photos you’re enjoying on the Commons and what you have to say about these images.
Now that we’ve been on the Commons for over four years, it’s very interesting to see our most popular images of all time. So, without further ado, here are the ten most popular images on the Smithsonian Flickr Commons:
It’s a baby! In a mailbag! It’s no surprise that this toddler in a cute pose tops our list—everyone knows that babies are meme-makers. However, you might not know the story behind this photo. Though this particular image was simply a humorous posed image made for fun, indeed, after parcel post service was introduced in 1913 at least two children were sent by mail. Read more about the debacle in our blog post, How Many Stamps Does it Take to Mail a Baby?
Our second most popular photo continues the cute kid trend: a young boy does struggles to put his letters into a Doremus-style mailbox amidst a wintry background. All of our commenters agree that this is truly a Hallmark moment, and would make a great holiday card. Need some more holiday craft inspiration (even though it’s the summer)?: check out our Winter Wonderland set on the Flickr Commons.
It’s no surprise that Albert Einstein (pictured with other important scientists of his time) tops our list—Einstein is without a doubt one of the most photograped scientists in history. Read more about why he is so etched in our visual consciousness in our blog post, The Camera Loved Einstein.
And the mail theme continues . . . This photo of US soldiers lierally overwhelmed by a tower of mail during WWII has piqued a lot of interest, and has also amused many with its juxtaposition of items: a hockey stick; a spare tire; and crushed boxes clearly marked "Fragile," and "GLASS—With Care.” Read more in our blog post, Soldiers and the Mail.
Mary Blade is an impressive figure in science. In 1946, when this photograph was taken, Mary Blade was the only woman on the Cooper Union engineering faculty and one of few women on any engineering faculty in the United States. Add to that the visual aspects of this image—Blade’s charming smile and neatly-drawn curve graph—and it’s no wonder that this is a favorite. Check out more luminaries of science in our Women in Science set on the Flickr Commons.
Everyone knows the line, “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?” which was supposedly uttered by Henry Stanley upon finding fellow explorer David Livingstone, who was presumed lost or dead, in Africa. Stanley was a popular writer and explorer during his day. This photo, which pictures Stanley with his adopted servant, Kalulu, has provoked heated discussions and debate about colonialism during the 19th century. Read more about the complicated relationship between the two in our blog post, Photos, Guns, Africa, Stanley, & Kalulu.
Who can resist Jackie O—the First Lady beloved by many, and known as a fashion plate to the world even today. This photo pictures the gown and cape worn by Jacqueline Kennedy at the Inaugural Ball for her husband, President John F. Kennedy. The outfit is now featured in one of the Smithsonian’s most popular exhibits, “The First Ladies” at the National Museum of American History. You can visit The First Ladies online exhibit here.
The photo actually features Felix Nadar—one of the most famous photographers of the 19th century, but history of photography, steampunk, and balloon enthusiasts have all embraced this image. That needs little explanation—it’s simply fun to look at a top-hatted man seemingly floating above the earth in a hot air balloon. Nevertheless, read more about the career of this photographer in our blog post, Felix Nadar.
NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Hubble Space Telescope penetrates the dark columns of gas and dust to reveal how much star formation is happening there. The result is a gorgeous and almost-mystical looking image that also gives us a lot of scientific information: the Chandra data (red, green, and blue represent low, medium, and high-energy X-rays respectively) show very few X-ray sources in the so-called "Pillars of Creation" themselves. This indicates that star formation peaked in this region several million years ago. Check out more stunning images in the Chandra X-ray Observatory set on the Flickr Commons.
The Scopes “Monkey” Trial—known as the trial of the century—famously debated the teaching of evolution in school in the 1920s. In this trial, high school teacher John T. Scopes was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which made it unlawful to teach evolution in any state-funded school. Here, scientists who asked to testify in support of Scopes gather together for a picture. Read a whole series of blog posts on the Scopes Trial and view the Archives’ snapshots from the trial.
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