The Bigger Picture: Visual Archives and the Smithsonian
Posts tagged with: American History
- Stunning, simply stunning - Infographic from the Library and Archives of Canada that describes their collections and services one comic book panel at a time. [via Effie Kapsalis, SIA]
- Brilliant - Millions of histoic copyright-free images are being added to Flickr that are seachable via automatically added tags. Thanks to Kalev Leetaru and the Internet Archive! [via BBC News]
- Rosa Parks Archive purchased by Howard G. Buffet to be donated to, for the time being, undetermined institution. [via USA Today]
- Smithsonian Transcription Center continues to be in the news at Smithsonian Magazine and at Federal News Radio.
- Now available - Digitized speeches from the likes of Ray Bradbury and Charles Schultz from the 1960s and 1970s at UCLA. [via InfoDocket]
- Introducing Photogrammar - A project coming out of Yale that is a web-based platform for organizing, searching, and visualizing the 170,000 photographs from 1935 to 1945 created by the United State’s Farm Security Administration and Office of War Information (FSA-OWI). [via Lynda Schmitz Fuhrig, SIA]
- While not hidden away in a basement, corporate archives and archivists face challenges that others in the profession do not. [via Advertising Age]
- At the touch of your fingertips - the FBI has digitized 30 million records - and as many as 83 million fingerprint cards - as part of its Next Generation Identification (NGI) system, a state-of-the-art digital platform of biometric and other types of identity information. [via Lynda Schmitz Fuhrig, SIA]
Recently, we asked digital volunteers in the Smithsonian’s Transcription Center to transcribe Spencer Fullerton Baird’s Index of Correspondence, 1850s-1870s, and they delivered in a mere two weeks! The reward, which was likely motivation for finishing so quickly, was a behind-the-scenes chat with our own, Pamela Henson, Historian of the Smithsonian. She gave a fascinating perspective on the life of Spencer F. Baird, the Smithsonian's second Secretary and its first curator.
As a child in Reading, Pennsylvania, Baird and his brother, William took long walks in the countryside exploring nature. A fan of walking, Baird once competed in a 40-mile race in a day, and won! By age 15, Baird was corresponding with ornithologist, John James Audubon, to ask for help identifying birds he collected on his walks. He attended and taught at Carlyle College where he began to correspond with the Smithsonian. In 1850, he was named first curator and Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian.
He served under then Secretary, Joseph Henry, who was a physicist and had no interest in developing the Smithsonian into a museum. Rather, he preferred scientific research labs and felt that collections were a burden. In the meantime, Baird dreamed of becoming director of a national museum and he arrived at the doors of the Smithsonian with two boxcars full of bird specimens, including ones donated from Audubon.
While at the Smithsonian, Baird collected much more. From the outset, the Smithsonian had no standing budget for acquiring collections, which continues today. As Henson likes to say, we have always relied on the kindness of strangers.
Working off Joseph Henry’s Meteorological Network of citizen weather observers, Baird developed a network of collecting volunteers from across North and Central America (trappers, farmers, doctors, military people stationed out west). Baird wrote approximately 5000+ letters per year encouraging contributors, much as Audubon had encouraged Baird in his young years.
The core organizing mechanism in Baird’s Index is an atlas. Baird followed Darwinian theory and was interested in biogeographical coverage of specimens. Hence, Baird organized contributors in the atlas to ensure a broad range of coverage across the Americas.
Since the Board of Regents supported the development of a natural history museum, his work continued. His letters and kind attitude engendered many people to the Smithsonian. He hired the first African American and female employee of the Smithsonian. And eventually, upon Henry’s death and his appointment as Secretary, his dream of a great national museum was realized.
- Official Records of Spencer Fullerton Baird, Smithsonian Institution Archives
- Smithsonian Crowdsourcing Since 1849, The Bigger Picture, Smithsonian Institution Archives
- Transcription of Spencer Fullerton Baird’s Index of Correspondence, 1850s-1870s
- Spencer F. Baird’s Vision for a National Museum
- Some stunning images taken by a young Stanley Kubrick from the Museum of the City of New York. [via Effie Kapsalis, SIA]
- The Archives talks about weeding collections, here is what weeding is like in a library setting. [via Unbound, Smithsonian Libraries]
- Simply awesome . . . The National Portrait Gallery has commissioned a portrait made out of sand and soil that will stretch over six acres on the National Mall by Cuban American urban artist Jorge Rodríguez-Gerada. [via ABC 7, WJLA]
- This past week the National Museum of American History added hundreds of photographs, papers and historical objects documenting the history of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people. [via Huffington Post, Gay Voices]
- The Folger Shakespeare Library released almost 80,000 images into the public domain last week. [via The Public Domain Review]
- Emulation is one possible method of making old software available to researchers and is currently being explored at Yale University Library. [via The Signal: Digital Preservation, LOC]
- NASA needs your help to identify some 1.8 million images in its archives. [via PetaPixel]
- For his latest series of 3D animations, Australian artist Andy Thomas, used archival bird recordings from the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision to create digital sound sculptures that animate in different ways in reaction to the songs of each bird. [via Colossal]
- Please helps us move on to the next round of the Smithsonian Summer Showdown, by voting for the icon, the will of our founder, James Smithson!
- Where does metadata fit in, the quantity vs. quality quandry of digitized material. [via American Libraries Magazine]
- At the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, the "stud book" plays a key role in the conservation effort of rare animal species. [via Washington Post]
- The DC Public Library recently established the DC Punk Archive to document the history and culture of DC music. [via Marguerite Roby, SIA]
- A look back at what is was like for photographers at the very beginnings of the digital photography revolution. [via Lens, The New York Times]
- President Warren G. Harding's love letters to his mistress, Carrie Fulton Phillips, are now open to the public at the Library of Congress. [via The Library of Congress blog]
- Information about the private lives of early Americans are being discovered in the church records stored in basements and attics, file cabinets, safes and even coat closets. [via The New York Times]