The Bigger Picture: Visual Archives and the Smithsonian
Category: What Gets Saved
- A new look for the Smithsonian as it announces its plans for renovating the South Mall portion of the Smithsonian which includes the Smithsonian Castle, the Sackler Gallery of Art, the National Museum of African Art, the Arts and Industries Building, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, and the Enid A. Haupt Garden. [via Newsdesk, SI]
- Up for a redesign - the new look of the Internet Archive. [via Internet Archive Blogs]
- Reality check - Digital files decay - Here's how The Getty takes care of their digital files. [via The Getty Iris]
- Parchment during medieval times was quite the expensive purchase - As a result there are a number of creative ways people employed to repair tears, holes, and other imperfections. [via Colossal]
- A look at the digital preservation practices of 148 cultural institutions provides a basis for the current state of the digital preservation landscape. [The Signal: Digital Preservation, LOC]
- Never before seen in it's entirety by the public,The Textus Roffensis, a 12th century legal encyclopaedia compiled by a single scribe at Rochester Cathedral, in Kent, in the 1120s has been digitized and made available online. [via InfoDocket]
- Thanks IMLS (Institute of Museum and Library Services)! With a grant from the IMLS, the Norman Rockwell Museum has made available online 50,000 photographs, some of which Rockwell used as studies for his paintings. [via OpenCulture]
- Also available this week are free downloadable files to print 3-D models of items found in the British Museum's collection. [via InfoDocket]
- An excellent question - Why does Netflix send Orange is the New Black to the Library of Congress on videotape? [via The Verge]
- Interested in audiovisual preservation? Here are a two posts on what's going on internationally when it comes to audiovisual preservation and also a look a two pioneers in digitial audio, Dietrich Schüller and Albrecht Häfner. [via The Signal: Digital Preservation, LOC]
- Check out this new website: Unboxing the Chomsky Archive, which offers a preview of some of the unique materials found in the collection of Noam Chomsky, professor emeritus at MIT, as well as a way to support the archival project. [via MIT Libraries News]
- Need some photographic inspiration? - Check out this video of photographer, Brian Gaberman, and his work with wet plate collodion photography. [via PetaPixel]
- Happy Halloween! No doubt in some way your life will be touched by candy today. In honor of that here's a look at the history of prepackaged candy. [via O Say Can You See? blog, NMAH]
- Halloween cards abound in the New York Public Library's collections. [via NYPL blog]
- An all too common condition, missing metadata - CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) is asking for people's help in identifying scientists, equipment and projects being working on in images from their photograph archives. [via PetaPixel]
- Thousands of unseen lunar images will come to light and be in the public domain as part of the Surveyor Digitization Project. [via InfoDocket]
- Listen up - The Archive of Contemporary Music and the Internet Archive team up to create a music library. [via Internet Archive Blogs]
- Stanford Libraries makes available the earliest known website in the United States from 1991 for the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. [via Lynda Schmitz Fuhrig, SIA]
- An important question to be answered on Halloween - Can Cats Really Make Rats into Zombies? [via Smithsonian Magazine]
- I see you - a new satellite image of the National Portrait Gallery portrait commission, One of Many, One, by Jorge Rodriguez-Gerada. [via AirSpace blog, NASM]
- Yes, you heard right, the Smithsonian is on its way to raising $1.5 Billion to support its museums, research centers, and programs. [via The Torch, SI]
- Getting toned, book style - Toning Japanese paper hinges for reattaching boards to leather bindings. [via Unbound blog, Smithsonian Libraries]
- Announced this week - The papers of Nobel laureate Toni Morrison will reside at Princeton University Library. [via InfoDocket]
- Not just go-go or punk - The new D.C. Vernacular Music Archive at George Washington University encompasses the variety of music found in our nation's capital. [via DCist]
- Challenge accepted - Flickr created a site to tell you if your picture has a park or a bird in it in response to a challenge laid out in the XKCD webcomic. [via PetaPixel]
- A new tool is coming from Rhizome that allows you preserve the dynamic content found on social media sites called Colloq. [via Bits blog, The New York Times]
- Walk in the steps of Jane Goodall, the Jane Goodall Institute and Google teamed up to bring their Street View Trekker cameras to Gombe National Park in Tanzania and allow you to explore and experience it. [via PetaPixel]
Collaboration. It's the one word that during almost every conference and pan-institutional discussion, everyone says, and hears, a lot. In fact, it's the theme of this year's Archives Month! But why is it so important to collaborate? Because collaboration allows for people with different knowledge and skill sets to come together to solve a common problem. At the Archives, we often work with other Smithsonian divisions and outside groups to solve complex problems in the field of audiovisual (AV) digitization and preservation.
A perfect example of collaborative work at its best is the AV Hack Day from this year's Association of Moving Image Archivists (AMIA) annual conference in Savannah, Georgia. During Hack Day, programmers and archivists came together to create open source tools that tackle common preservation problems that have been identified in the field of AV archiving. Some of the tools created include Hack Day Capture, a tool that works with a Blackmagic capture card and ffmpeg to digitize analog video, Video-Sprites, which eases the process of making web video more accessible, and Characterization Compare, which allows the user to see the outputs from EXIFtool, MediaInfo, and ffmpeg side by side. These tools and all of the others created during Hack Day are available on the AMIA Open Source Github page.
For the past several years, members of the Archives have worked with other government agencies to form a group called the FADGI (Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative). The primary goal of this group is to create guidance for the digitization of still image and audiovisual materials that other archives, public or private, can use when making decisions on how to best preserve their materials. Last month, FADGI released file format comparison charts for still images and analog videos, as well as a set of case histories contributed from eight different units that detail how they are dealing with born digital audio and video content within their collections. The comparison chart for analog audiovisual materials provides information on sustainability, cost, and system implementation for the various codecs and wrappers that are currently being used to create preservation files.
Smithsonian divisions often collaborate with each other as well. Since the majority of the equipment in analog AV archiving can be hard to find, the AV archivists group (AVAIL) here at the Smithsonian created an internal registry of the different equipment owned by each of the divisions, so that we can work together to share resources. The list includes information on the number of decks of a particular type owned by a given division, as well as whether or not they are currently in working condition. This makes it so that when I come across a Hi8 tape in our collections, a format that we do not have a deck for, I can simply consult the registry and contact the appropriate division to see if their deck might be available for me to use. Through the AVAIL listserv, we have also shared our knowledge of different migration errors to help each other solve unusual problems.
Ultimately, it's important to collaborate with others in and outside your field because the knowledge of the many is often more comprehensive than the knowledge of few. Additionally, we are all working towards the same goal of preserving our collections in the best possible way, so working together allows us to optimize our resources and our time. How has collaboration helped you in your field of work?
- Smithsonian AV Archivists Tumblr
- The End of the Beginning: A Born Digital Survey at the Smithsonian Institution, The Bigger PIcture, Smithsonian Institution Archives
- Audiovisual conservation resources, Library of Congress
- Archives Month across the Smithsonian